Job_Design_sample

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  • Job_Design_sample

    1. 1. Job Design, Work Measurement and Labor Standards Superfactory Excellence Program™ www.superfactory.com
    2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Job Design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Job specialization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Job expansion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological components </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-directed teams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivation and incentive systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ergonomics and work methods </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Work Measurement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time Studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work Sampling </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Labor Standards </li></ul>
    3. 3. Job Design <ul><li>Specifying the tasks that make up a job for an individual or group </li></ul><ul><li>Involves determining </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is to be done (i.e., responses) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How it is to be done (i.e., tools etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why it is to be done (i.e., purpose) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Results in job description </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shows nature of job in task-related behaviors </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Eight Steps to Conducting a Time Study <ul><li>Define the task to be studied (after a methods analysis) </li></ul><ul><li>Break down the task into precise elements </li></ul><ul><li>Decide how many times each element of the task must be measured </li></ul><ul><li>Record the times and ratings of performance for the task elements </li></ul><ul><li>Compute the average observed cycle time (element times adjusted for unusual influences) </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Labor standard is set using output and % of time worker spends on tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Involves observing worker at random times over a long period </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less expensive than time studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Observer requires little training </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ineffective with short cycles </li></ul></ul>Work Sampling
    6. 6. Labor Standards - Historical Experience <ul><li>Labor standards are based on how many labor-hours were needed in past </li></ul><ul><li>Least preferred method </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy and inexpensive to obtain standard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unknown accuracy due to unusual occurrences, unknown pace etc. </li></ul></ul>

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