Egypt@

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Egypt@

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Egypt@

  1. 1. Egypt
  2. 2. Egypt - The Country <ul><li>A middle eastern country located in the north eastern corner of the African Continent. </li></ul><ul><li>Egypt is Africa’s second largest country in population. </li></ul><ul><li>Cairo is the capital and Egypt’s largest city. It is also the largest city in Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Official language is Arabic. </li></ul><ul><li>Their money is called pounds . </li></ul><ul><li>Their head of the government is a Prime Minister. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Egypt - The Land <ul><li>home of the Nile River (flows northward) </li></ul><ul><li>little rain fall </li></ul><ul><li>windswept deserts cover most of the land </li></ul><ul><li>Fertile soil is along the Nile River which makes agricultural jobs. Some chief agricultural products are corn, cotton, oranges, potatoes, rice , tomatoes, sugar cane and wheat. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Egypt - The Government <ul><li>Head of the government is Prime Minister Atef Abeid </li></ul><ul><li>Egypt is divided into 26 governorates. Their leaders are called Presidents. </li></ul><ul><li>National Anthem: “Beladi, Beladi” (My Country, My Country) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Egypt- Land of pyramids, temples, and mummies!
  6. 6. Egyptian Pyramids <ul><li>35 pyramid ruin still exist </li></ul><ul><li>Pyramids were built to protect the body of an Egyptian king. </li></ul><ul><li>The Egyptians thought that a person’s body had to be preserved and protected so the soul could live forever. </li></ul><ul><li>The body was buried inside or beneath the pyramid in a secret chamber that was filled with gold and precious objects. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Pyramids- continued <ul><li>Smaller pyramids were built for queens. </li></ul><ul><li>The king’s relatives and officials were buried in smaller rectangular tombs called mastabas . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Egyptian Temples <ul><li>Funeral ceremonies were performed in temples that were attached to pyramids. </li></ul><ul><li>Most pyramids had 2 temples that were connected by a long stone passageway. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Egyptian Mummies <ul><li>A mummy is the body of a human or animal in which some of the soft tissues (skin, muscles, or organs) did not decay after death. </li></ul><ul><li>The Egyptians mummified their dead and hid them in the tombs. </li></ul>
  10. 10. How Egyptians Made Their Mummies 1. First, they removed the brain with a hook through the nose. 2. Next, they removed all of the internal organs except for the heart and kidneys. 3. Then they placed the body in a liquid called natron until the tissues were dried out. 4. Finally, the wrapped the body in many layers of linen bandages and placed it in the coffin. 5. This process required 70 days.
  11. 11. Egypt - conclusion <ul><li>Egypt is a birthplace if civilization. The ancient Egyptians developed a great culture about 5,000 years ago. They created the first national government, as well as early form of mathematics and writing. </li></ul>

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