TEKS: Social Studies – 6.2 (A), Explaining the significance of individuals or groups. 6.12 (A), Identifying alternative ways of organizing governments 6.21 (A) Differentiating between, locating, and using primary and secondary sources to acquire about world cultures This does not contain the full text of the TEKS. It is intended to be a guide to, not a substitute for, the TEKS.
Egypt In the Past
Although Egypt now has a President, the rulers of ancient Egypt were known as pharaohs (pharaoh means “the one who lives in the palace”).
Egyptians believed that the pharaoh was more like a god than a human. They believed the pharaoh had power that could not be questioned.
The pharaoh’s duty in life was to rule the kingdom and build temples for the gods.
One of the most familiar rulers of ancient Egypt is King Tutankhamun (or King Tut). Significant changes in Egypt’s culture were happening during his reign and the building of his tomb.
Both males and females were pharaohs of ancient Egypt.
Luxor/Thebes was the capital of ancient Egypt’s new kingdom (1540-1070 B.C.). Many pharaohs ruled from this area, building temples nearby for the gods of Egypt. For this reason, many ancient and famous temples are located in and near Luxor.
The name “Luxor” comes from an Arabic word meaning “palaces”. Luxor refers to “palaces of the gods”. This name is fitting because of the great number of temples built in the area.
Luxor was once the capital of ancient Egypt. Today Luxor is home to some of Egypt’s greatest historical landmarks. Some of the most famous sites include King Tutankhamon’s tomb and the Luxor Temple.
Ruins of the temples - Many temples are being restored in Egypt today. They were originally built to honor the gods of Egypt and ancient kings. Temples played an important role in the economic and intellectual life of Egypt.
Originally, pyramids were built to house the Egyptian kings in the afterlife. Kings of that day were buried with their wealth. Eventually, grave robbers found their way into many of the pyramids and made off with the Kings’ treasures.
To escape this looting, kings broke the tradition of building large pyramids and began to construct buried tombs to house their bodies in the afterlife. Some of these burial sites are still being unearthed today near Luxor.
Religion: Ancient Egyptians believed in many gods. They believed that they could communicate with some gods only in a special temple on certain holidays. Other gods answered everyday wishes. Throughout most of Egyptian history, the main god of Thebes/Luxor was Amun-Re.