Cryptology Presentation

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Cryptology Presentation

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  • Cryptology Presentation

    1. 1. Ancient Hieroglyphics and the Rosetta Stone Hannah Feldman, Karl Fries, & Danielle Mercado
    2. 2. Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphics <ul><li>Hieroglyphics stems from the Greek word hieroglyphica, which means “sacred carvings” </li></ul><ul><li>Over 2,000 characters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>alphabetic, logographic, and ideographic elements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Originated due to the artistic traditions of the preliterate Egyptians </li></ul>
    3. 3. Hieroglyphics <ul><li>Demotic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular script </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could be read off tablets by educated citizens </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hieratic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sacred script </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used on temple walls </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Who Used Hieroglyphics? <ul><li>Priests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used cursive hieroglyphics (Hieratic script) to record religious literature </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scribes of the government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More simple and basic; easier to understand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used Demotic script </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. When Were Hieroglyphics In Use? <ul><li>Earliest known hieroglyphic writing was discovered to be from the 3000 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Used up until the 4 th Century A.D. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Christians banned its use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ancient hieroglyphic script was replaced with Coptic </li></ul><ul><li>The ability to read both demotic and hieratic hieroglyphics vanished </li></ul>
    6. 6. Breaking the Hieroglyphics <ul><li>Decryption was hindered by the assumption that phonetic characters were not used </li></ul><ul><li>People believed that hieroglyphics were semagrams </li></ul>
    7. 7. Hieroglyphic Alphabet
    8. 8. Important People <ul><li>German Jesuit priest Athanasius Kircher </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Young </li></ul><ul><li>Jean-Francois Champollion </li></ul>
    9. 9. The Rosetta Stone <ul><li>Found in 1799 in the town of Rosetta in the Nile Delta </li></ul><ul><li>Was inscribed with three separate texts, saying the same thing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greek </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demotic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hieratic </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. The Rosetta Stone, cont’d <ul><li>Ended up with the British due to the Treaty of Capitulation </li></ul><ul><li>Described as granodiorite </li></ul><ul><li>Measurements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>45 inches high </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>28 ½ inches wide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>11 inches thick </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. The Rosetta Stone, cont’d <ul><li>Carved in 196 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Deciphered fully in 1822 by Champollion </li></ul><ul><li>Exhibited in the British Museum since 1802 </li></ul><ul><li>July 2003, Egyptians demanded the return of the Stone </li></ul>
    12. 12. Example

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