Ancient Greece Summary

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Ancient Greece Summary

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Ancient Greece Summary

  1. 1. Final Regents Review: GREECE
  2. 2. The Geography of Greece
  3. 3. Archaic Greece: 1650 BCE - 700 BCE
  4. 4. Bronze Age Greece
  5. 5. Crete: Minoan Civilization (Palace at Knossos )
  6. 6. Knossos : Minoan Civilization
  7. 7. Minoan Civilization
  8. 8. The Mycenaean Civilization
  9. 9. Homer : The “Heroic Age”
  10. 10. The Mask of Agamemnon
  11. 11. "Hellenic" (Classical) Greece: 700 BCE - 324 BCE
  12. 12. ATHENS: Yesterday & Today
  13. 13. Piraeus: Athens’ Port City
  14. 14. Early Athenian Lawgivers <ul><li>Draco </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ draconian” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Solon </li></ul><ul><li>Cleisthenes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>created the first democracy! </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Persian Wars: 499 BCE – 480 BCE
  16. 16. Persian Wars: Famous Battles <ul><li>Marathon (490 BCE) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>26 miles from Athens </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Thermopylae (480 BCE) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>300 Spartans at the Mountain pass </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Salamis (480 BCE) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Athenian navy victorious </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Golden “Age of Pericles ”: 460 BCE – 429 BCE
  18. 18. Great Athenian Philosophers <ul><li>Socrates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Know thyself! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>question everything </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>only the pursuit of goodness brings happiness. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plato </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Academy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The world of the FORMS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Republic  philosopher-king </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Great Athenian Philosophers <ul><li>Aristotle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Lyceum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Golden Mean ” [everything in moderation]. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Logic. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific method. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Athens: The Arts & Sciences <ul><li>DRAMA (tragedians): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aeschylus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sophocles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Euripides </li></ul></ul><ul><li>THE SCIENCES: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pythagoras </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Democritus  all matter made up of small atoms. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hippocrates  “Father of Medicine” </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Phidias’ Acropolis
  22. 22. The Acropolis Today
  23. 23. The Parthenon
  24. 24. The Agora
  25. 25. The Classical Greek “Ideal”
  26. 26. Olympia
  27. 27. The Ancient Olympics: Athletes & Trainers
  28. 28. Olympia: Temple to Hera
  29. 29. The 2004 Olympics
  30. 30. SPARTA
  31. 31. SPARTA Helots  Messenians enslaved by the Spartans.
  32. 32. Peloponnesian Wars
  33. 33. Macedonia Under Philip II
  34. 34. &quot;Hellenistic&quot; Greece: 324 BCE - 100 BCE
  35. 35. Alexander the Great
  36. 36. Alexander the Great’s Empire
  37. 37. Alexander the Great in Persia
  38. 38. The Hellenization of Asia
  39. 39. Pergamum: A Hellenistic City
  40. 40. The Economy of the Hellenistic World
  41. 41. Hellenistic Philosophers <ul><li>Cynics  Diogenes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ignore social conventions & avoid luxuries. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>citizens of the world. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>live a humble, simple life. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Epicurians  Epicurus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>avoid pain & seek pleasure. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>all excess leads to pain! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>politics should be avoided. </li></ul></ul>
  42. 42. Hellenistic Philosophers <ul><li>Stoics  Zeno </li></ul><ul><ul><li>nature is the expansion of divine will. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>concept of natural law. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>get involved in politics, not for personal gain, but to perform virtuous acts for the good of all. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>true happiness is found in great achievements. </li></ul></ul>
  43. 43. Hellenism: The Arts & Sciences <ul><li>Scientists / Mathematicians: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aristarchus  heliocentric theory. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Euclid  geometry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Archimedes  pulley </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hellenistic Art: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More realistic; less ideal than Hellenic art. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed individual emotions, wrinkles, and age! </li></ul></ul>
  44. 44. The Breakup of Alexander’s Empire

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