Christine Ennew - Internationalisation

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Christine Ennew, pro vice-chancellor for internationalisation and Europe, University of Nottingham discusses internationalisation among world-class universities.

Christine Ennew, pro vice-chancellor for internationalisation and Europe, University of Nottingham discusses internationalisation among world-class universities.

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  • 1. Christine EnnewPro Vice Chancellor (Internationalisation)University of Nottingham
    Internationalisation: An Overview
    THE Conference
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4. Outline
    Trends in and benefits from the international dimensions of teaching and learning
    Trends in and benefits from the internationalisation of research
    Change is slower than we sometimes think
    Non financial benefits are far more significant than the financial
  • 5. Internationalising Higher Education
    Globalisation isn’t new, internationalisation isn’t new
    Scholars have always been mobile, knowledge is not constrained by borders
    William of Tyre travelled from Jerusalem to study liberal arts and cannon law at Paris, Orleans and Bologna.
    Jewish philosopher Maimonides, exiled from his native Spain, studied at University of Al-Karaouine in Morocco
    IbnBattutah travelled from Morocoo, throughout Asia to China in pursuit of knowledge
  • 6. Internationalisation?
    What is new is the scale and diversity of international activity in HE – why ?
    Driven by
    Falling costs of transportation and mobility
    ICT developments facilitating information flows
    Liberalisation of regulation/policy
    Benefits to the individual
    Benefits to the individual institution
    Benefits to the HE system and to the host country
  • 7. The Internationalisation of Teaching and Learning
    Student mobility
    Programme mobility
    Institutional Mobility
    Internationalisation at home
  • 8. The Big Picture
  • 9. Current Market Structure
  • 10. Market Evolution
  • 11. Growth in International Student Numbers by Country - 1998=100
    Source: Vincent Lancrin, 2009
  • 12. Source: UNESCO
  • 13. Source: UNESCO
  • 14. Distribution of International Students by Source Country
    Source: OECD – Education at a Glance
  • 15. Russia: declining source; emerging host
    UK: major source; emerging host
    E. Europe: emerging hosts
    France, Germany, Spain: hosts and sources
    Canada: emerging host and source
    Central Asia: emerging host
    China & India: major hosts; emerging sources
    UAE, Qatar, Bahrain, Oman: major hosts
    USA: major source, emerging host
    Honk Kong, Malaysia, Singapore: major hosts; emerging sources
    Africa: emerging hosts
    Caribbean: emerging host
    Kenya & Mauritius: emerging hosts
    C. America: hosts and sources
    Australia (NZ): major source; emerging host
    S. America: hosts and sources
    South Africa: declining host, emerging source
    Transnational Higher Education
    Source: Line and Verbik, 2006
  • 16. Benefits
    Academic
    Recruiting the worlds brightest and best, enhancing the quality of the University’s own activities, contributing to the employability of graduates (internationalisation at home)
    Contributing to national knowledge economy agendas
    Economic
    Impact on university income (although not always as big as is assumed). Diversified portfolio helps manage risk.
    National benefits from multiplier effects of fee income and spending (3rd largest export industry for Australia, worth c£7bn in UK),
  • 17. What’s it all worth? Large UK Universities
  • 18. Institutional benefits
    Social/Cultural
    Diversity on campus – supports a more interesting student experience, raises awareness about different cultures and countries, promotes inter-cultural understanding. Knowledge transfer, support for and learning from other systems
    Political
    Demonstrate institutional links to national agendas, build strategic alliances that support the delivery of institutional goals (eg exchange networks for social student mobility)
    Cultural diplomacy - relationships formed during education have longer term impact on inter-country links
  • 19. The Internationalisation of Research
    Continued dominance of traditional sources of excellence
    Rapid expansion of collaboration
  • 20. Research Performance
  • 21. National Origins of the THE Top 100
    Source: many eyes, 16 September 2010
  • 22. Citations Per Researcher (Shares)
  • 23. Benefits
    Academic
    Compete for and retain talent (research students and staff) in a global market place (see, for example US PhD awards). Addressing globally significant research agendas. Building global reputation
    Economic
    Enhanced academic quality aids competition for research resources. Underpins invention and innovation with consequent implications for growth and development
  • 24. US PhDs – Life Sciences
    Source: NSF
  • 25. US PhDs – Physical Sciences
    Source: NSF
  • 26. US PhDs - Engineering
    Source: NSF
  • 27. Benefits
    Social/Cultural
    Indirect benefits relating to inter-cultural understanding. A strong and vibrant research base is a sign of national maturity (nation building).
    Political
    Build strategic alliances that support the delivery of institutional and national goals in research and innovation (eg research partnerships to access resources, funds)
  • 28. Changing Dynamics of International HE
    Dangers of over estimating short-term financial benefits
    Widespread recognition of the benefits of international students for teaching and learning and campus communities
    Growing strength of emerging economics (BRICS)
    Increased challenges (in both research and teaching) to the nations that have traditionally dominated international HE
    Growing regionalism and increased south-south activity
    Pace of change – slower than we often think
    Research continues to be dominated by the english speaking world (institutional evolution is a slow process)
    Student mobility may not be changing as fast as we sometimes think (but student expectations probably are)
  • 29. True internationalisation in higher education brings together the best minds to solve the problems of today and educates the best minds to solve the problems of tomorrow and in so doing provides one of the best mechanisms for enhancing inter-cultural understanding and co-operation.