The Renaissance

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The Renaissance

  1. 1. The Renaissance 1300-1600
  2. 2. Bell Ringer • Think back to the end of the Middle Ages: –The Bubonic Plague (killing 1/3 of Europe’s population) –The 100 Years War –The Great Schism • Journal Entry: Describe how you would feel about life in general. Would all this suffering overtake you? Would you do something about it?
  3. 3. • Those who survived wanted to celebrate life and the human spirit. • They began to question the church. • How can they express this new spirit?
  4. 4. The Renaissance (1300-1600) • Started in Italy - an explosion of creativity in art, writing, and thought • “Rebirth” = a revival of art and learning from what culture? – Greece and Rome (aka Classical) • Led to new values, styles, and art.
  5. 5. Why Italy? • During what time period of the Middle Ages did trade rapidly increase? –Crusades • Large city-states grew in Italy because of trade • Why are cities an ideal breeding ground for an intellectual revolution?
  6. 6. The Rise of Merchants and Florence • > 60% of the population had died, so more citizens could become involved in political life • Fewer laborers – so merchants began to pursue other interests • Florence, a city-state, came under rule of the powerful banking Medici Family – Expanded learning, art, and architecture in Florence
  7. 7. Humanism • Thinkers studied classical texts (Greece and Rome) and focused on human potential and achievements • Movement to secular society • Increased understanding of the world • Have you heard of the “Humanities” subjects? –Philosophy, history, and literature –http://www.wfu.edu/humanities/
  8. 8. Are these the “ideal men” of our society?
  9. 9. The ideal “Renaissance Man” • Volunteer? • Create art • Educated • Charming • Dance • Sing • Play music • Write poetry • Skilled rider • Wrestler • Swordsman
  10. 10. Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) • Painter, Inventor, Sculptor, Scientist – A true “Renaissance man” • 3,500 pages of drawings and writings survive • Only 17 of his paintings survive • Perhaps the most talented artist ever?
  11. 11. Mona Lisa • A wealthy merchant of Florence • So real looking – What’s behind that smile?
  12. 12. The Last Supper
  13. 13. Vitruvian Man
  14. 14. spiral screw achieving flight
  15. 15. Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564) • Another Renaissance Man • Painter, Sculptor, Architect, Poet • Portrayed the human body in painting and sculpture – Forceful and heroic figures
  16. 16. Statue of David
  17. 17. Sistine Chapel
  18. 18. Sistine Chapel
  19. 19. The dome of St. Peter’s
  20. 20. Summarization Activity • Write down three truths and a lie about what you learned today. • Then we will go around the class and see if we can figure out the lie.
  21. 21. Homework • You need to find out the contributions of the following people. Why were they important during the Renaissance? Describeeeeee! – Machiavelli (pg. 476-477) – Petrarch (pg. 475-476) – Dante (pg. 392) – Erasmus (pg. 482) – Guttenberg (pg. 484)
  22. 22. Humanist Literary Contributions (Cornell Notes) • What is humanism? (p. 472) • What is Christian humanism? (p. 482) • Who was Petrarch? (p. 475) • Who was Erasmus? (p. 482) • Who was Dante? (p. 382/ 475) • Who was Machiavelli? (p. 476) • Who was Gutenberg? (p. 484) Summary
  23. 23. Humanist Literary Contributions Activities (due Monday) • Part 1 (do all): 1. Explain the contributions of each writer. 2. Explain the importance of the printing press. 3. What were some of Machiavelli’s main points? • Part 2 (pick one [do more for E.C.]): 1. Write a letter to Machiavelli discussing which of his points you agree with or do not agree with and explain your reasons. 2. Create an advertisement for the printing press. 3. Write a eulogy for either Petrarch or Erasmus. 4. Pretend you have been asked to write the forward/introduction for Dante’s book, The Divine Comedy. What would you write/say? 5. Make an I AM Poem about one Machiavelli, Dante, Erasmus or Petrarch.

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