Nationalism in Japan
Let’s think back… <ul><li>What was the thing that we studied about Japan?  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Absolute ruler </li></ul>...
Tokugawa Japan <ul><li>Social class: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emperor (figurehead) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shogun </li></u...
<ul><li>What type of foreign interaction did Japan have during the Tokugawa shogunate? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Closed countr...
<ul><li>In 1853, U.S. Commodore Matthew Perry took 4 ships into modern day Tokyo Harbor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Black wooden...
Turn to a partner <ul><li>What was the Treaty of Kanagawa?  </li></ul>
<ul><li>After the United States had pushed open the door, what do you think the other Western powers did?  </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>The Japanese were angry that the shogun had given in to the foreigners’ demands. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who should ...
<ul><li>Mutsuhito chose the name  MEIJI  for his reign    “enlightened rule” </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled for 45 years – known...
<ul><li>How would Meiji counter Western influence? What could he do?  </li></ul><ul><li>Write down 2 ideas of things he co...
<ul><li>“ Knowledge shall be sought throughout the world so as to strengthen the foundations of Imperial rule.” </li></ul>...
MODERNIZE <ul><li>Sent diplomats to Europe and N. America to study Western ways </li></ul><ul><li>Used Germany’s constitut...
<ul><li>Accelerated Industrialization </li></ul><ul><li>Built its first railroad line that connected Tokyo with the port o...
Summing it all up <ul><li>Answer the following question:  </li></ul><ul><li>How did Emperor Meiji use and put into practic...
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Nationalism In Japan

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notes on the modernization of Japan under the Meiji emperor

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Nationalism In Japan

  1. 1. Nationalism in Japan
  2. 2. Let’s think back… <ul><li>What was the thing that we studied about Japan? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Absolute ruler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tokugawa </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What kind of ruler was Tokugawa? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Military shogun </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Who was at the top of the feudal system in Japan but had no real power? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The emperor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Do you remember the social class structure? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emperor, shogun, daimyo, samurai, peasants/artisans, merchants </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Tokugawa Japan <ul><li>Social class: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emperor (figurehead) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shogun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Daimyo (landholding samurai) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Samurai warriors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peasants and Artisans  4/5 of the population! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Merchants </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>What type of foreign interaction did Japan have during the Tokugawa shogunate? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Closed country policy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Japan was isolated with the industrialized world except with the China and Dutch merchants </li></ul><ul><li>How do you think this made Westerners feel? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Angry, frustrated! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Westerners tried to convince the Japanese to open their ports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Japan repeatedly refused them </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>In 1853, U.S. Commodore Matthew Perry took 4 ships into modern day Tokyo Harbor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Black wooden ships powered by steam astounded the Japanese </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Canons! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Perry delivered President Millard Fillmore’s letter and threatened to come back with a larger fleet in a year </li></ul>What do you think the Japanese shogun decided to do? Treaty of Kanagawa – Japan agreed to open two ports for the U.S. to take on supplies
  6. 6. Turn to a partner <ul><li>What was the Treaty of Kanagawa? </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>After the United States had pushed open the door, what do you think the other Western powers did? </li></ul><ul><li>They soon followed. (In China as well) </li></ul><ul><li>Foreigners were given permission to trade at several treaty ports </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The Japanese were angry that the shogun had given in to the foreigners’ demands. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who should they turn to? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Japan’s young emperor – Mutsuhito – symbolized the country’s sense of pride and nationalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1867, the Tokugawa shogun stepped down ending the military dictatorships that had lasted since the 12 th century </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Mutsuhito chose the name MEIJI for his reign  “enlightened rule” </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled for 45 years – known as the Meiji era </li></ul><ul><li>Moved capital back to Tokyo </li></ul><ul><li>Goal was to combine “western advancements” with the traditional “eastern” values </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>How would Meiji counter Western influence? What could he do? </li></ul><ul><li>Write down 2 ideas of things he could do to compete with the West. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>“ Knowledge shall be sought throughout the world so as to strengthen the foundations of Imperial rule.” </li></ul><ul><li>--The Charter Oath (1868) </li></ul><ul><li>a promise by the emperor to institute political and social reforms and work to strengthen the nation </li></ul>
  12. 12. MODERNIZE <ul><li>Sent diplomats to Europe and N. America to study Western ways </li></ul><ul><li>Used Germany’s constitution as a model for their own </li></ul><ul><li>Attempted to modernize their military to imitate the German and British navy </li></ul><ul><li>Adopted the American system of universal public education </li></ul><ul><li>Sent students abroad to study; brought foreigners to teach </li></ul>- Established a parliament called the Diet
  13. 13. <ul><li>Accelerated Industrialization </li></ul><ul><li>Built its first railroad line that connected Tokyo with the port of Yokohama </li></ul><ul><ul><li>7,000 miles of railroad </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Coal production grew from .5 million in 1875 to 21 million in 1913 </li></ul><ul><li>Built thousands of factories; zaibatsus (large family-controlled businesses) </li></ul><ul><li>Shipbuilding </li></ul><ul><li>Tea processing and silk production increased </li></ul>
  14. 14. Summing it all up <ul><li>Answer the following question: </li></ul><ul><li>How did Emperor Meiji use and put into practice nationalist ideals to unite the Japanese? </li></ul>

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