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Nationalism In Japan
 

Nationalism In Japan

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notes on the modernization of Japan under the Meiji emperor

notes on the modernization of Japan under the Meiji emperor

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    Nationalism In Japan Nationalism In Japan Presentation Transcript

    • Nationalism in Japan
    • Let’s think back…
      • What was the thing that we studied about Japan?
        • Absolute ruler
        • Tokugawa
      • What kind of ruler was Tokugawa?
        • Military shogun
      • Who was at the top of the feudal system in Japan but had no real power?
        • The emperor
      • Do you remember the social class structure?
        • Emperor, shogun, daimyo, samurai, peasants/artisans, merchants
    • Tokugawa Japan
      • Social class:
        • Emperor (figurehead)
        • Shogun
        • Daimyo (landholding samurai)
        • Samurai warriors
        • Peasants and Artisans  4/5 of the population!
        • Merchants
      • What type of foreign interaction did Japan have during the Tokugawa shogunate?
        • Closed country policy
      • Japan was isolated with the industrialized world except with the China and Dutch merchants
      • How do you think this made Westerners feel?
        • Angry, frustrated!
      • Westerners tried to convince the Japanese to open their ports
        • Japan repeatedly refused them
      • In 1853, U.S. Commodore Matthew Perry took 4 ships into modern day Tokyo Harbor
        • Black wooden ships powered by steam astounded the Japanese
        • Canons!
      • Perry delivered President Millard Fillmore’s letter and threatened to come back with a larger fleet in a year
      What do you think the Japanese shogun decided to do? Treaty of Kanagawa – Japan agreed to open two ports for the U.S. to take on supplies
    • Turn to a partner
      • What was the Treaty of Kanagawa?
      • After the United States had pushed open the door, what do you think the other Western powers did?
      • They soon followed. (In China as well)
      • Foreigners were given permission to trade at several treaty ports
      • The Japanese were angry that the shogun had given in to the foreigners’ demands.
        • Who should they turn to?
      • Japan’s young emperor – Mutsuhito – symbolized the country’s sense of pride and nationalism
        • In 1867, the Tokugawa shogun stepped down ending the military dictatorships that had lasted since the 12 th century
      • Mutsuhito chose the name MEIJI for his reign  “enlightened rule”
      • Ruled for 45 years – known as the Meiji era
      • Moved capital back to Tokyo
      • Goal was to combine “western advancements” with the traditional “eastern” values
      • How would Meiji counter Western influence? What could he do?
      • Write down 2 ideas of things he could do to compete with the West.
      • “ Knowledge shall be sought throughout the world so as to strengthen the foundations of Imperial rule.”
      • --The Charter Oath (1868)
      • a promise by the emperor to institute political and social reforms and work to strengthen the nation
    • MODERNIZE
      • Sent diplomats to Europe and N. America to study Western ways
      • Used Germany’s constitution as a model for their own
      • Attempted to modernize their military to imitate the German and British navy
      • Adopted the American system of universal public education
      • Sent students abroad to study; brought foreigners to teach
      - Established a parliament called the Diet
      • Accelerated Industrialization
      • Built its first railroad line that connected Tokyo with the port of Yokohama
        • 7,000 miles of railroad
      • Coal production grew from .5 million in 1875 to 21 million in 1913
      • Built thousands of factories; zaibatsus (large family-controlled businesses)
      • Shipbuilding
      • Tea processing and silk production increased
    • Summing it all up
      • Answer the following question:
      • How did Emperor Meiji use and put into practice nationalist ideals to unite the Japanese?