Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Crises of the 14th century
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Crises of the 14th century

4,165
views

Published on

Published in: Spiritual

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
4,165
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
18
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Crises of the 14th Century Three Crises
  • 2. Crisis #1
  • 3. Moving on to crisis 2…
  • 4. Three Practices that Weakened the Church • Many village priests ____________. • Bishops sold ___________. This called simony. • Kings were appointing ___________. married positions bishops
  • 5. The Great Schism – Crisis #2 1. French pope elected and capital moved from Italy to France (weakened the church) 2. French pope dies; people want an Italian pope 3. Italian pope is chosen; people later regret decision 4. Second (French) is elected  now there are two popes (Great Schism) 5. Resolution: a third pope 6. Real resolution: council forces all three popes to resign and picked a new pope  greatly weakened papacy
  • 6. The Hundred Years’ War – Crisis #3 But before we get into the details…we have to examine the players: England & France…
  • 7. England France William the Conqueror invades England in 1066. (non-Anglo ruler; French is added to the English language.) Henry II (1154-1189) introduces the use of jury in English courts. John (1199-1216) agrees to the Magna Carta in 1215. •Magna Carta is the first document to limit the king’s power (very important to remember!!!) and contains basic legal rights Edward I (1272-1307) calls the Model Parliament in 1295. Hugh Capet increases the territory of France. Phillip II (1180-1223) established bailiffs to preside over courts and collect taxes Louis IX (1226-1270) creates a French appeals court. Philip IV (1285-1314) adds Third Estate (commoners) to Estates General
  • 8. Leading to the war… • The last Capetian king left no heir. • England’s Edward III, grandson of Philip IV, claimed the right to the French throne and starts the war. • Lasted from 1337-1453 (116 years) • Effects: – Feelings of nationalism in both countries (fighting for king/country) – French monarch gains power – England – war of the Roses