To persuade is to advocate, or to ask others toaccept your viewpoint. The success in persuasive speaking requiresattention to what motivates listeners. The goal of a persuasive speech is to influence theattitudes, beliefs, values and acts of others.
Question:Should marijuana be legalized in the UnitedStates?Write down your standpoint!Show Your Position in Writing!An Example: My partner and I feel thatmarijuana should be legalized for medicinalreasons.Photo: Oldest Skeleton of Human Ancestor Found
Your Standpoint (Main Point)My partner and I feel that marijuana shouldbe legalized for medicinal reasons.Medicinal reasons are your main focus thatyou will discuss in your persuasive writing.2. Where is the geographical location of the first human being?3. Explain the first human culture (civilization) of people?4. What are your observations on the first human being, plea
Should marijuana be legalized in theUnited States? Please explain your standpoint Create a Thesis Statement that explainsyour position. Make sure that your statement is clear andstraight to the point
Who are your listeners? Should you appeal to the listenersattitudes, beliefs and values? Should you adapt your message toaudience demographics?
Questionnaire--a series of open and closedended questions. Closed ended questions—elicit a small rangeof specific answersShould marijuana be legalized in the US?Yes or No
Open ended questions—allows audiencemembers to elaborate as much as they wish.How do you feel about the legalization ofmarijuana ?Each group is required to create a survey forthe topic!
Based upon your standpoint/main point,develop 4 questions on marijuana for youraudience Open ended questionsOR Closed ended questions
Full Names Greeting Attention Getter(s) Create A Conversation Standpoint/Main PointONLY FIVE SENTENCES IN THEINTRODUCTION
Picking A TopicBrainstorm with Partner(s) for Ideas Narrow your topic to form a specific speechform Compose a Thesis/Standpoint Research sources that support yourStandpoint
Using Sources From Our Libraryhttp://libguides.hgtc.edu/spc205_graham Good Persuasive Speeches contain accurate,relevant, and interesting supportingmaterials
Examples—illustrate, describe, or presentthings. Their purpose is to aid understandingby making ideas, items, or events moreconcrete. Share stories—one of the most powerfulmeans of conveying a message is through astory (also called narrative)
Testimony-is firsthand findings, eyewitnessaccounts Lay testimony-or a testimony by nonexpertssuch as eyewitnesses, can reveal compellingfirsthand information that may beunavailable to others.
Provide Facts and StatisticsMost people require some type of evidence Facts represent documented occurrences,including actual events, dates, times, peopleand places. Statistics are qualified evidence thatsummarizes, compares and predicts things.
Each group is required to have supportingmaterials that documents at least two factsand or statistics.****They can be a part of the speech or inyour Hand-out
Use Percentages to Express Proportions A percentage is the qualified portion of awhole In creating your data from yourquestionnaire, each group can usepercentages to express portions
Introduction: In A Professional MannerState Your StandpointIntroduce Your Four QuestionsPass-0ut Questionnaires
What will you do with your Datafrom the Questionnaires?
Primary Research is original or firsthandresearch such as interviews andquestionnaires. The questionnaires are a part of yourprimary research. The data that you collect should be in thewritten speech and/or the hand-out.
Use Percentages to Express Proportions A percentage is the qualified portion of awhole In examining your data from yourquestionnaire, each group can usepercentages to express portions
Example: In our recent survey that weconducted in this class, we found that 90percent of you all felt that domesticviolence is a cruel act. While the other 10percent of you all were really unsure aboutyour feelings on domestic violence.
The most likely sources of secondaryresearch include books, newspapers,periodicals, government publications,blogs and reference works such asencyclopedias, almanacs, books ofquotations, atlases and individual searchengines(Google, Yahoo!, and MSN Search)
In your speech, alert the audience to thesource of any ideas not your own:Speech Excerpt Indicating a paraphrase:As reported in the August 8th, 2005, edition ofNewsweek, Executive Chef Jorge of the NewYork City public schools claimed that untilrecently, virtually every piece of chicken thatwas served was breaded or glazed; students
drank whole rather than skim milk, and atewhite rather than whole-wheat bread.Example of a direct quote:“The nation’s emergency rooms have beenstretched thin for at least a decade or more.”(New York Times Editorial Quotation)
Good afternoon everyone, my name is _______________ andthis is my co-host ______________. Welcome to HGTC Newsand today’s hot topic is whether or not sexual education shouldbe taught within our schools. In order to explore this topic, howmany of you have children of your own? And let us see ashow of hands from those of you who feel that sex educationshould be taught in our schools? Well, my partner and I arefirm believers that sex education should be taught in theschools because our research shows that it reduces unplannedpregnancies (Stand point).
Full Names Greeting Attention Getter(s) Create A Conversation Standpoint/ThesisONLY FIVE SENTENCES IN THEINTRODUCTION
You can use the informal pronoun… YOU Create a conversation within your writing Draw your audience into your speech byusing attention getters You can also draw your audience into yourspeech by creating vocal variety in yourdelivery Interaction with your partner(s)
As a rule, people have more interest and paymore attention to topics toward which theyhave positive attitudes and that are in keepingwith their values and beliefs. The less we knowabout something, the more indifferent we tendto be. Any speaker seeking a change inattitudes or behavior would do well toremember this!