Nepal September Learning Route Conclusions.


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Conclusions, 21 September, Lumbini
Learning Route, Women empowerment, new businesses and sustainable natural resources management in Nepal. 13 - 21 September 2013

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Nepal September Learning Route Conclusions.

  1. 1. Overview on the current social, economical and environmental situation in rural areas in Nepal (IFAD- funded projects/programmes and other relevant actors in rural development); Ways to reduce rural poverty: leasehold forestry management, groups’ formation, social development and empowerment, diversification of rural livelihoods, access to financial access, value chain etc. LFLP, PAF, HVAP, WUPAP, SEEDS SNV, FAO, NACFFL, SFDBL Day One 13 Sept 2013 Opening Panel Kathmandu
  2. 2. Day One 13 Sept 2013 Experience Fair
  3. 3. Days Two and Three 14-15 Sept 2013 Kavre
  4. 4. LEASEHOLD FORESTRY USERS GROUPS of RAYALE Diversification of rural livelihoods (Coop and individual businesses) based on the sustainable use of forest resources (cardamom, grass and forage, goats, briquettes, dairy products) Management of the Cooperative, social inclusion, role of women Days Two and Three 14-15 Sept 2013 Kavre district
  5. 5. STRENGHTS Awareness of their territory and NR – (decision-making, self-reliance, risk control) Strong commitment and cultural identity Good organization and management (LFUG) Women’s participation Openness to adopt new technologies WEAKNESSES Weak involvement of youth Lack of leadership rotation Weak documentation of their vision (action plan) Individual access to market (not through the Coop) OPPORTUNITIES Good presence of raw material, water, soil Easy access to external markets (road) Potential to expand to organic market Support of several donors and agencies THREATS Land ownership (changes in regulation) Youth migration Climate change Dependency from external donors Case Study Analysis I LFUGs Rayale
  6. 6. Case Study Analysis I LFUGs Rayale LESSONS LEARNED Leasehold forestry as a good way to promote the improvement of poor rural people’ s livelihood Community’s awareness of their territory and commitment is fundamental to promote sustainable NRM and good group management PPP can be effective also at small scale (grassroots and community level) RECCOMMENDATIONS Increase women’s active participation within the Coop’ and in decision making Create mechanisms to incentive participation of the youth The Coop’ should integrates more livelihoods activities now run as individual businesses Improve documentation at Coop’ level (action plan, financial records etc.)
  7. 7. Days Four, Five, Six 16-17-18 Sept 2013 Chitwan
  8. 8. Devitar Leasehold Forest User Groups, Shaktikhor Women empowerment and gender mainstreaming Diversification of rural livelihoods based on sustainable management of forest resources (LFUGs) Days Four, Five, Six 16-17-18 Sept 2013 Chitwan
  9. 9. STRENGHTS Women’s active participation Able to mobilize people and involve youth Good management of forest resources Sharing of responsibilities and leadership rotation, good group management Social cohesion and conflict management Self-awareness of their needs WEAKNESSES “Women only”, men participation is low Savings at LFUGs but not at Coop’ level “Goat-dependency” Weak documentation/ recording at group level OPPORTUNITIES Availability of natural resources Access to market and value-chain based market system Processing center for livestock THREATS Lack of female leadership at public level Low level of formal education to access new opportunities Low involvement of men Lack of infrastructure Case Study Analysis II LFUGs Shaktikhor
  10. 10. Case Study Analysis II LFUGs Shaktikhor LESSONS LEARNED Commitment generates good management (in NRM) Combination of sustainable NRM and livelihoods improvement to overcome poverty Active female participation is essential to contribute to the sustainable management of forest (and other) resources RECCOMMENDATIONS Improve formal educational at community level Promote the differentiation of livelihoods (not only goats) as organic vegetables Strengthen gender balance (not women only) Enhance visibility of other key actors during field visits (as men) and charge a fix price for the knowledge transfer provided to visitors Develop self M&E indicator for self-assessment Build mobile dipping tank
  11. 11. Day Seven 19 Sept 2013 Kapilvastu
  12. 12. PRAGATISHIL AGRICULTURAL COOP LTD, BIJUWA Diversification of rural livelihoods through the Coop’ Women empowerment and social inclusion Networking, access to market, PPP Day Seven 19 Sept 2013 Kapilvastu
  13. 13. STRENGHTS Gender balance and positive social changes Paid staff and presence of physical assets Differentiation of IGAs Effective linkages with different actors (PPP) Good record at Coop’ level WEAKNESSES Poor sanitation system and infrastructure Weak document. and financial record Dependency on external financial aid The shared capital is low Not clear participation of youth Lack of clear budget and timeframe Weak coordination btw groups and Coop OPPORTUNITIES Commercial seeds production (fertile land) and potential for mixed farming Scaling-up of Coop’ shop (supplies) Linkages with financial institutions, NAFFCL External aid (if well managed) Improved education (opportunity for youth) THREATS Poor sanitation might compromise the development of other activities (agric.) Youth and male (seasonal) migration Potential lack of ownership of collective goods by community Case Study Analysis III Pragatishil Coop’ Bijuwa
  14. 14. Case Study Analysis III Pragatishil Coop’ Bijuwa LESSONS LEARNED Paid staff will improve the sustainability of the Cooperative Investment on social assets (education) is important to livelihoods’ improvement Unity and commitment are key ingredients for the success of any collective action Integration and coordination btw groups and Coop’ is required for sustainability Market promotion and diversification of livelihoods are the good combination for poor livelihoods improvement The Coop’ should be involved in different IGAs and not only as linkage btw farmers; in this sense, the Coop’ could act as agent of change and development for the community
  15. 15. RECCOMMENDATIONS Gender mainstreaming and women empowerment should be a continuous process: promote the inclusion of women also at managerial level of the Coop’ Capacity building should be improved (community mobilization, integrated farming) Carry out campaign for sanitation and hygiene Establish an extension network at village level Seek for alternative IGAs (e.g. biogas) Improve education standards and infrastructure Even if the businesses are run at individual level, the link with the market should pass through the Coop’ (price regulation, quality standards) Improve access to market’s prices and design a concrete action plan with budget Case Study Analysis III Pragatishil Coop’ Bijuwa
  16. 16. Days Eight and Nine 20-21 Sept 2013 Lumbini Innovation Plans
  17. 17. INNOVATION: WHAT’S ALL ABOUT? Not a completely new idea, it’s new to me (or to the context where I work) Innovation brings (positive) changes and new ways of doing things, new approaches It adds value to what I’m already doing Can bring lessons to others (scaling-up) It’s based on opportunities already in place Innovation Plans
  18. 18. VISION (what I would like to achieve/ most relevant changes) PEOPLE (for whom? beneficiaries, target groups) OPPORTUNITIES (background, on-going activities) PARTNERS (networking, exchanges) OBJECTIVES (general and specific) ACTIVITIES (timeline – max 12 months) RESOURCES (human, physical, financial) SUSTAINABILITY (exit strategy, indicators) Innovation Plans
  19. 19. INNOVATION MARKET PLACE: 21 September Lumbini SUBMISSION FINAL VERSION INNOVATION PLANS: 15 October 2013 ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE RESULTS (after technical evaluation): 15 November 2013 AWARD OF 4 INNOVATION PLANS (USD 2000 each) Innovation Plans Next steps
  20. 20. PROCASUR CORPORATION Asia and the Pacific Region 209/34 Moo 10, Chiang Mai-Hangdong Road, T. Padad, A Muang, Chiang Mai 50000 Thailand Procasur Asia Pacific Danebat!