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Direct and indirect speech
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Direct and indirect speech

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  • 1. Direct speech is a form of sentences which use to reporting something that’s being said now. Direct speech also use to talk each other.For example: She said, “I like school” She said, “I am studying French” They said, “We took some photos.” They said, “We were swimming at 10am.” He say, “I have eaten breakfast.” He asked me, “why do you love me?” She tell me, “don’t let me alone!”
  • 2. Reported speech also called indirect speech.Reported speech is usually used to talk aboutsomething was said in the past, so wenormally change the tense of the wordsspoken. But reported speech not only use totalk about something was said in thepast, sometimes reported speech also use totalk about something was said in thatmoment.
  • 3. Example of reported speech: She said that she liked school. She said that she is studying French. They said that they had taken some photos. They said that they had been swimming at 10am. He say that he have eaten breakfast. He asked me why I loved him. She tell me not to let me alone.
  • 4. DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECHsimple present simple pastHe said, “I go to school every He said (that) he went to schoolday.” every day.simple past past perfectHe said, “I went to school every He said (that) he had gone today.” school every day.present perfect past perfectHe said, “I have gone to school He said (that) he had gone toevery day.” school every day.present progressive past progressiveHe said, “I am going to school He said (that) he was going toevery day.” school every day.past progressive perfect progressiveHe said, “I was going to school He said (that) he had beenevery day.” going to school every day,
  • 5. DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECHfuture (will) would + verb nameHe said, “I will go to school every He said (that) he would go today.” school every day.future (going to) present progressiveHe said, “I am going to school He said (that) he is going to schoolevery day.” every day. past progressive He said (that) he was going to school every day DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECHauxiliary + verb name simple pastHe said, “Do you go to school He asked me if /wheter I went toevery day?” school every day.*He said, “Where do you go to He asked me where I went toschool?” school.imperative infinitiveHe said, “Go to school every day.” He said to go to school every day.
  • 6.  The situation change if there is the word in verb 2 (said, told, asked, reported, ETC) in front of the sentence. Example: direct speech -> he told her “I’m hungry.” reported speech -> he told her that he was hungry. But situation will be same if there is the the word in verb 1 (say, tell, ask, report, ETC) in front of sentence. Example: direct speech -> he says “I did my home work” reported speech -> he says that he did his home work
  • 7.  Direct speech: The policeman told the man, “Please follow me to the police station.” Reported speech: The policeman told the man to follow him to the police station. Direct speech: He asked, “Can you buy me a copy of the newspaper now?” Reportde speech: He asked if I could buy him a copy of the newspaper then. Direct speech: John said, “Sam and Max are going to the theater tonight.” Reported speech: John said that Sam and Max were going to the theater that night..
  • 8.  Direct speech: He asked me, “where do you live?” Reported speech: he asked me where I lived. Reported speech: