Inclusion Classrooms<br />Working with Students with Special Needs<br />Created by Ms. Audrey Hobbs<br />ITEC 7530 Student<br />
What is Inclusion?<br />Inclusion means that students with disabilities of all types are placed in a general education classroom.1<br /> Inclusion is based off of the least restrictive environment.<br />Least Restrictive Environment is the environment in which students with disabilities can have the most similar educational experience as students without disabilities.2<br />For most students, the Least Restrictive Environment is the general education classroom!<br />
Why Inclusion?<br />If planned for and done properly, inclusion can benefit every student in the classroom!<br />Research shows that having an inclusion classroom can increase individual achievement, raise standards, improve self-identity, and foster strong relationships among peers.1<br />
Assistive technology is easily accessible for all of us! <br />Assistive technology is ANY technology application that helps students with disabilities learn, communicate, and otherwise function more independently.2<br />There is Help!<br />
Remember!<br />It is up to you as the teacher to find tools to help your students learn and use them in your classroom! Tools are out there for any disability!<br />
Students with ADHD<br />Students with ADHD are chronically inattentive, impulsive, and/or hyperactive.2<br />Quick Tips for Student Success:2<br />1. Free your classroom of distracting items.<br />2. Allow students to use a desk carrel, a desk dividerthat blocks distractions from other students.<br />3. Make classroom routines and rules very clear. <br />4. Assign peer partners to assist students who have trouble keeping up with routines, rules, etc. <br />5. Mix tedious/repetitive activities with those that allow for action and variety. <br />6. Emphasize only essential information. <br />7. In reading, use shorter passages. <br />8. In math, allow extra time to complete computations. <br />9. Allow many opportunities for student participation and sharing. <br />
Technological Resources for ADHD<br />The most recommended technological devices for students with ADHD include noise cancelling headphones, invisible clocks, ear fitted timers, and PDA’s.3<br />More devices can be found and researched on the following web pages:<br />1. http://www.myADDstore.com<br />2. http://www.ldonline.org<br />
Students with Auditory Disabilities<br />Students with auditory disabilities can not hear enough to use hearing as a primary channel for learning without significant assistance.2<br />Quick Tips for Student Success:2<br />Always face the class when presenting information to aid with lip reading. <br />Avoid standing in glares or shadows which will hinder lip reading. <br />Use an overhead projector instead of writing on the chalkboard. <br />Stand in one location near the student with the auditory disability.<br />Avoid exaggerating sounds or words.<br />Use as many visual aids as possible. <br />
Technological Resources for Auditory Disabilities<br />There are massive amounts of assistive technology available for students with auditory disabilities. Some examples are cochlear implants, a sound field system, an FM system, closed captioning, and C-print.2<br />More devices and advice for educators of students with hearing loss can be found on the following web pages:<br /> 1. http://www.ed.uiuc.edu/wp/access/hearing.html<br />2. http://www.assistech.com/<br />
Students with Mild LD’s<br />Students with mild learning disabilities have trouble with processing, organizing, and applying academic information.2<br />Quick Tips for Student Success:2<br />1. Analyze the student’s particular academic needs and determine if differentiated instruction should be used.<br />2. Employ compensatory learning strategies to bypass a student’s need.<br />3. Make an accommodation in your classroom management, grouping, materials, and methods.<br />4. Provide the student with direct instruction on basic or learning skills. <br />
Technological Resources for Mild LD’s<br />Some examples of assistive technology that can help students with mild LD’s are word processing software to ease note taking, video taping of classroom sessions for later review, note-to-voice software, etc.4<br />Endless resources and ideas can be found on the following web pages: <br />http://www.education.com/reference/article/Ref_Assistive_ Technology/<br />http://www.comp.dit.ie/dgordon/Courses/ResearchMethods/Exercises/E4/ATMildDisabilities.pdf<br />
Always Keep in Mind That..<br />The best place for your student with disabilities is most likely the general education classroom!<br />It is up to you as their teacher to find resources to help them learn to the best of their ability!<br />
Sources<br />1. Gaillard, P. (2011). The inclusion classroom. Retrieved from http://techinclusion.tripod.com/<br />2. Bursuck, W.D., & Friend, M.P. (2009). Including students with special needs (5th ed.). V. Lanigan, (Ed.). Columbus, OH: Pearson.<br />3. Kojiro, J. (2007). Assistive technology for self-managing behavior for those with ADD. Retrieved from https://www.msu.edu/~kojiroja/pdfs/ADHD%20and%20AT.pdf<br />4. Behrrman, M., & Jerome, M.K. (2006). Assistive technology for students with mild disabilities. Retrieved from http://www.education.com/reference/article/Ref_Assistive_ Technology/<br />
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