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History of the internet
 

History of the internet

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    History of the internet History of the internet Presentation Transcript

    • History of the Internet Betchie E. Aguinaldo 06/30/10
    • History of the Internet
        • Objectives
        • at the end of this module student should be able to:
        • 1. Recall the history of the internet;
        • 2. Discuss how internet was utilized in the past and in the future;
        • 3. Define some internet terms.
    • History of the Internet
      • In 1957 ( 1 )
      • Computers only work on one task at a time.
      • It is the most ineffective processing of data.
      • There is an indirect connection between the programmer and the computer which encountered bugs.
    • History of the Internet
      • In 1957 ( 2 )
      • A remote connection was installed
      • enable for the programmer work directly.
    • History of the Internet
      • In 1957 ( 3 )
      • It allows to share the power of a single computer to multiple users.
    • History of the Internet
      • In October 4, 1957 ( 4 )
      • During the cold war, an unmanned satellite was sent by the Soviet Union, the Sputnik 1, the fear of the missile got emerged
      what happened next …
    • History of the Internet
      • In February 1958
      • DARPA – Defense Advanced Research Project Agency
          • it is used to secure the leading technology of the US.
    • History of the Internet
          • DARPA
            • information was manually transferred by human
            • a plan was developed to eliminate the manual processing
    • History of the Internet
          • DARPA
            • a large scale computer was developed
    • History of the Internet
          • DARPA
            • to accelerate knowledge transfer
            • to avoid the doubling up of existing research information
    • History of Internet
          • ARPANET – Advanced Research Project Agency Network
    • History of Internet
            • 4 Foundations of the Internet
    • History of the Internet Contributions of the 4 Foundations
    • History of the Internet
          • In 1966, ARPANET was developed
          • It was then utilized by the Universities
          • to share information the Mainframe was introduced
    • History of the Internet
      • Mainframe uses an Interface Messaging Processor (IMP)
      • IMP is the global control of the activity while the mainframe is only the initialization of the programs and data files
      • It is also the interface for the mainframe
    • History of the Internet How data flows
    • History of the Internet
    • History of the Internet It is a protocol that runs a Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) Is the communication language or protocol of the internet
    • History of the Internet
      • NPL was designed for commercial purposes
      • frequent file transfers are expected and to avoid congestion packet switching was developed.
    • History of the Internet Packet Switching – divides the messages into packets before they are sent to the receiver. Each packet are transmitted individually.
    • History of the Internet
      • In 1962
      • a middle and long range of missiles was discovered by the Americans in CUBA which were able to reach the United States (US)
      • US has its own centralized network to be used in their communication.
    • History of the Internet Decentralized network was developed so that in case a node (connection) was bombed communication is still connected.
    • History of the Internet Radio wave connection
    • History of the Internet Distributed Network
    • History of the Internet
      • Cyclades
      • is a French network
      • its focus is on the communication with other network.
    • History of the Internet Internet at home …
    • History of the Internet TCP connects computers using gateway
    • History of the Internet ISO – International Organization for Standardization designed the OSI
    • History of the Internet OSI – Open System Interconnection aims to standardize the connection using layers.
    • History of the Internet In February 28,1990 the ARPANET hardware was removed.
    • History of the Internet but the Internet remains…
    • History of the Internet
    • History of the Internet
      • Reference:
        • History of the Internet: http ://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9hIQjrMHTv4