TRACKING AGRICULTURAL R&D INVESTMENTSExisting evidence at national and international levelsNienke BeintemaASTI program hea...
Outline presentation• Measuring national efforts in agricultural R&D: ASTI data  sets and analysis• International agricult...
Importance of agricultural R&D indicators• Key for understanding the contribution of agricultural  R&D to economic growth•...
Global status of agricultural R&DPublic agricultural R&D                                                Trends for some re...
International agricultural R&D: The CGIAR                       Spending levels and G8/EU commitments until 2010          ...
Sub-Saharan Africa’s investment challenges (1)                                             Regional growth in public agric...
Sub-Saharan Africa’s investment challenges (2)   High volatility from                                                     ...
Improve the relevance of agricultural R&D data • Need to move from ad-hoc data collection to a   sustainable monitoring sy...
EIARD analysis of donor support to CAADP-IV • Objective of study: Identify the knowledge and processes   required to bette...
GFAR/EIARD/GDPRD Berlin workshop • Topic of tracking programs and investments in   agricultural research for development (...
Berlin workshop – recommendations (1) 1. Measuring global ODA flows (inputs) is insufficient to    improve aid effectivene...
Berlin workshop – recommendations (2) 4. AR4D investments need to be more effectively    embedded in in development invest...
THANK YOU
Agricultural R&D is crucial for food security • Extensive evidence demonstrates that agricultural R&D   have greatly contr...
Agricultural S&T Indicators (ASTI) initiative• Collection of national-level investment and human  resource capacity data o...
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Tracking ag research investments existing evidence - afsi

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Tracking ag research investments existing evidence - afsi

  1. 1. TRACKING AGRICULTURAL R&D INVESTMENTSExisting evidence at national and international levelsNienke BeintemaASTI program head | International Food Policy Research InstituteL’Aquila Food Security Initiative (AFSI) meetingWashington, DC | February 2-3, 2012
  2. 2. Outline presentation• Measuring national efforts in agricultural R&D: ASTI data sets and analysis• International agricultural R&D: CGIAR investments• Measuring donor commitments: EIARD study on analysis of donor support to CAADP Pillar IV• Recommendations for further discussion: Outcomes of the GFAR/EIARD/GDPRD workshop on tracking agricultural research for development
  3. 3. Importance of agricultural R&D indicators• Key for understanding the contribution of agricultural R&D to economic growth• Assist R&D stakeholders in formulating policy, setting priorities, undertaking strategic planning, monitoring, and evaluation• Provide information to R&D stakeholders involved in the public debate on the state of agricultural R&D at national, regional, and international levels• Importance of S&T indicators has increasingly been recognized by policymakers (e.g., African leaders and policymakers at the 2003 African Ministerial Conference on S&T)
  4. 4. Global status of agricultural R&DPublic agricultural R&D Trends for some regions/spending, 2000 countries since 2000 Low- and middle income countries = 46% 4.4 Sub-Saharan China Africa spending (in billion 2005 PPP $) China Total public agricultural R&D 3.3 Latin America-Caribbean Rest of Asia- Pacific India Latin 2.2 America- Caribbean Sub-Saharan Africa High income 1.1 Middle East- Eastern High income North Africa Europe-countries = 54% Former Soviet 0.0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total public spending = ca. $25 billion (2005 PPPs)
  5. 5. International agricultural R&D: The CGIAR Spending levels and G8/EU commitments until 2010 700 600 • In inflation-adjustedTotal CGIAR spending terms, strong increase in (in million US $) 500 400 Inflation-adjusted $ total CG spending/funding 300 since 2005 200 Current $ 100 • Increase in G8/EU 0 contributions since 2001 1971 1976 1981 1986 2006 1991 1996 2001 • G8/EU share declined to Share 250 50 below 40% in 2010 due to Total G8/EU funding (in G8/EU share in total 200 40 million 20005 US $ Funding large injection of the 150 30 funding (%) Gates Foundation 100 20 50 10 0 0 2001 2002 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2003 2005
  6. 6. Sub-Saharan Africa’s investment challenges (1) Regional growth in public agricultural R&D spending during 2000-08 2.0 • Driven by only a few countries; however,SSA Agricultural R&D spending declining spending levels 1.5 since 2008 for some (biilion 2005 PPP $) • Declining spending levels 1.0 for many countries (especially in francophone West Africa) 0.5 • Serious underinvestment in agricultural R&D in 0.0 most African countries 1971 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999 2003 1975 2007 continues
  7. 7. Sub-Saharan Africa’s investment challenges (2) High volatility from Continuous high donor year-to-year for many dependency for many 100 Share in total funding, 2001-08 (%) 40 Burkina Faso 30 20 Agricultural R&D spending (miilion 2005 PPP $) 10 80 0 Spread of 1981 1985 1989 1993 1997 2001 2005 donor share 440 60 330 Nigeria 220 110 0 40 1981 1985 1989 1993 1997 2001 2005 4 Average donor Gabon 3 share 20 2 1 0 1991 1994 1997 2000 2003 2006 0 Madagascar Togo Mauritania Eritrea Benin Tanzania Zambia Mauritius Namibia Senegal Gambia Mali Kenya Niger Côte dIvoire Burundi Uganda Botswana Burkina Faso South Africa Ghana Guinea 40 30 Niger 20 10 0 1981 1985 1989 1993 1997 2001 2005
  8. 8. Improve the relevance of agricultural R&D data • Need to move from ad-hoc data collection to a sustainable monitoring system with regular updates • Enhance ownership of the data and stimulate further advocacy and analysis at the national level • Measure not only inputs (investments/capacity), but also output indicators required to assess performance of agricultural research institutions within and across countries • Intensify further analysis of trends to make information more relevant for policymakers and other stakeholders • But a sustainable system needs sustainable funding
  9. 9. EIARD analysis of donor support to CAADP-IV • Objective of study: Identify the knowledge and processes required to better coordinate and harmonize support to CAADP Pillar 4, within EIARD and with other donors • Key conclusions: – Information availability is poor: Problems not technical / financial but in system design / political commitment to reporting ARD investments – CGIAR is default donor support mode to ARD; donors provide little direct support to national agricultural R&D – These and other imbalances weaken country ownership and their ability to act
  10. 10. GFAR/EIARD/GDPRD Berlin workshop • Topic of tracking programs and investments in agricultural research for development (AR4D) to increase aid effectiveness was recognized by the 2010 Global Conference on Agricultural Research for Development (GCARD-1) as an issue of high importance • Recent drive for international donors to demonstrate increased accountability under the G8 and G20 calls for adequate monitoring of investments in food security and agricultural development • The Berlin workshop recognized the number of ongoing activities initiated worldwide by donors in this domain
  11. 11. Berlin workshop – recommendations (1) 1. Measuring global ODA flows (inputs) is insufficient to improve aid effectiveness in food security; it needs be complemented by measuring private flows, assessing specific investment in AR4D, and outputs/results 2. Better inform decisionmakers in bilateral and multilateral agencies on the design and functioning of the OECD/DAC tracking system and its setup 3. Improve data quality and reporting under the OECD/DAC system by including data on agriculture, and specifically AR4D
  12. 12. Berlin workshop – recommendations (2) 4. AR4D investments need to be more effectively embedded in in development investments; tracking systems also need to cover how AR4D investments are addressed and linked to development objectives 5. Task a network of practitioners to carry this agenda forward and help identifying the relevant data for tracking specific investments in AR4D These issues are expected to be reported on and discussed further at the forthcoming GCARD-2 (Punta del Este, 29 October- 1 November 2012)
  13. 13. THANK YOU
  14. 14. Agricultural R&D is crucial for food security • Extensive evidence demonstrates that agricultural R&D have greatly contributed to agricultural development, economic growth, and poverty reduction (World Development Report 2008; International Assessment for Agricultural S&T for Development 2010) • A much needed transformation of global agricultural R&D can only be achieved if institutional, human, and financial resources are greatly increased (2010 Global Conference on Agricultural Research for Development-GCARD roadmap) • Given the central role of food in human welfare and national stability, it is shocking how little money is spent on agricultural research globally (Bill Gates 2012)
  15. 15. Agricultural S&T Indicators (ASTI) initiative• Collection of national-level investment and human resource capacity data on agricultural R&D: – Focus on low– and middle–income countries – Through institutional survey rounds (primary data) – 25–year history of data collection activities (although ad-hoc) – Measure who is performing agricultural R&D• Aim is to provide: – Trends over time at country / regional levels; within countries – Comparisons across countries / regions; within countries• Collaborative network with large number of national, regional and international partners; facilitated by IFPRI

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