Global agricultural R&D spending:Developing countries accelerate investmentNienke BeintemaASTI program head | International Food Policy Research InstituteCropWorld Global 2012 CongressLondon, UK | 6–7 November 2012
Background: the ASTI initiative • Collects national-level investment and human resource capacity data on agricultural R&D: – Focus on low- and middle-income countries (coverage close to 70) – Through institutional survey rounds (primary data) • Includes a large collaborative network of national, regional and international partners; facilitated by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) of the CGIAR Consortium • Provides: – Trends over time at country / regional levels; within countries – Comparisons across countries / regions; within countries
Developing countries drive public spending growth Following a period of declining growth, public agricultural R&D spending increased globally by 22 percent during 2000-2008 In billion 2005 PPP dollars 2000 2008
Also increased spending by the private sector Most private-sector R&D was undertaken by companies in OECD countries; evidence suggests significant growth in large middle-income countries such as China and India Private In billion 2005 PPP dollars Public 2008 total: $40.1 billion (2005 PPP dollars) 1994 2000 2008
And growth in international research spending After more than a decade of slow growth, R&D spending by the CGIAR Consortium has accelerated since 2006In billion dollars
Regional allocation of public spending, 2008 High government commitment to public agricultural R&D in Brazil, China, and India has resulted in continuous spending growth beyond 2008 Other middle income (98)In billion 2005 PPP dollars China India Brazil Note: dotted lines indicate preliminary estimates.
Investing in agricultural R&D pays off • Increased public investment, combined with key reforms, has increased agricultural productivity levels in Brazil and China relatively to the rest of the developing world Agricultural total factor productivity index (1970 = 100) Brazil China Low-and middle income South Asia Africa south of the Sahara
But world’s poorest countries lag behind During 2000–2008, spending levels in low-income countries were considerably more volatile as those of middle- and high-income countries
Main messages from new evidence • Globally agricultural R&D investments are no longer declining, but have in fact increased substantially since the turn of the millennium • Growth is driven by China, India, and a number of other larger more-advanced middle-income countries • Agricultural R&D spending in high-income countries are stagnating (and declining for one third of OECD countries) • More attention should be given to the poorest countries that have low, often declining or stagnating investment levels that are highly volatile
THANK YOU Please check www.asti.cgiar.org/globaloverview for the globalassessment report, underlying data, and background information
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.