<ul><li>Louis XIV was king of France in the 1600 and early 1700´s. (Known as the sun king ) </li></ul><ul><li>In Europe at this time, people had the belief that “the king´s authority came directly from God, and was therefore divine.” </li></ul><ul><li>This belief was called the divine right of kings. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Louis XIV was an absolute monarch, or royal ruler with complete authority over the government and people in his kingdom. </li></ul><ul><li>Absolute monarchs did not share power with nobles, with common people, or with anyone else. </li></ul><ul><li>From the 1400´s to the 1700´s, much of Europe was governed by absolute monarchs. </li></ul>
<ul><li>A cardinal is a high official in the Roman Catholic Church. </li></ul><ul><li>Cardinal Richelieu was the one that started absolute monarchs. He had served as a chief minister to King Louis XIII (Louis XIV´s father). </li></ul><ul><li>Richelieu took some nobles´ rights away. He also started businesses with the French government, which earned a lot of money for the crown. By this actions, nobles became weaker and the king became wealthier and more powerful. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Louis lived in incredible luxury at Versailles, his huge palace outside Paris. </li></ul><ul><li>He gave great parties with fabulus entertainment. </li></ul><ul><li>To afford these luxuries, the king taxed peasants. The poorest and least powerful people in France paid for all those things. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Write a decription of a day at Versailles from the point of view of Louis XIV. Then, write a description of how the day might have looked to a French peasant who had the chance to observe it. </li></ul><ul><li>Each description should have 100 words minimum. </li></ul>
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