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IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
IPM Practices
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IPM Practices

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This power point show was prepared to show IPM practices to the Farmers. Kindly give your Valuable Commments for Improvements

This power point show was prepared to show IPM practices to the Farmers. Kindly give your Valuable Commments for Improvements

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  • 1. ¼vkbZ-ih-,e-½ % lefUor uk'khtho izcU/ku vkxss MkW- ;fru dqekj esgrk lgk;d lapkyd d`f"k & uhep
  • 2. dhV fu;a=.k ds vyx&vyx rjhdks dks vdsys vFkok nks ;k nks ls T;knk dks feykdj bl izdkj iz;ksx djuk tks fdlku] lekt ,oa i;kZoj.k ds vuqdwy gksA vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can vko';drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 3. vkbZ-ih-,e- vko&apos;;drk D;ksa gS <ul><li>vPNs vkSj &apos;kq) i;kZoj.k ds fy;s </li></ul><ul><li>xq.koRrk okys mRikn iSnk djus ds fy;s </li></ul><ul><li>mRiknu o ykÒ dks c&lt;+kus ds fy;s </li></ul><ul><li>dhM+ks esa dhVuk&apos;kh jlk;uksa ds izfr izfrjks/kd {kerk [kRe </li></ul><ul><li>djus ds fy;s </li></ul><ul><li>mRiknu ykxr de djus ds fy;s </li></ul>vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 4. vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj <ul><li>lHkh dhV uqdlkunk;d ugha gksrsA </li></ul><ul><li>ikS/ks dks [kkus okys lÒh dhV vkfFkZd uqdlku ugha </li></ul><ul><li>igq¡pkrsA </li></ul><ul><li>ikS/ks ds vUnj dhM+ks vkSj chekfj;ksa dks lgu djus dh </li></ul><ul><li>{kerk gksrh gSaA </li></ul><ul><li>Qly esa vusdksa izdkj ds fe= dhV ik;s tkrs gSaA </li></ul><ul><li>izd`fr Lo;a Òh dhV fu;a=.k djrh gSaA </li></ul>vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 5. vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa tSfod fu;a=.k ÒkSfrd o ;kaf=d fØ;k,¡ &apos;kL; fØ;k,¡ uhe vk/kkfjr mRikn jlk;uks dk iz;ksx vkbZ-ih-,e-
  • 6. &apos;kL; fØ;k,¡ xehZ esa [ksr dh xgjh tqrkbZ cqokbZ dk le; Qly pØ izfrjks/kh@lgu&apos;khy tkfr;k¡ [kjirokjksa dh lQkbZ vU; fdz;k,¡ vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 7. xehZ esa [ksr dh xgjh tqrkbZ xehZ esa [ksr dh xgjh tqrkbZ djus ls tehu esa jgus okys dh M+s vkSj chekfj;ka iSnk djus okys jksxk.kq ej tkrs gSaA vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 8. cqokbZ dk le; fdlh Òh Qly esa fdlh Òh dhM+s ;k jks x dk izdksi gksus ds fy;s fo&apos;ks&amp;quot;k eksle dh t:jr gksrh gSA bl fy;s vxj dhMs+ ;k jksx dk irk gks rks cqokà le; dk /;ku j[kdj le; ij cqokà djds dhM+ks vkSj jksxks ds izdksi dks de fd;k tk ldrk gSA tSls le; ij ljlksa dh cqokbZ djus ij eks;ys dk izdksi de gksrk gSA vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 9. Qly pØ fdlh ,d gh Qly dks yxkrkj cksus ls ml Qly esa yxus okys dhM+ks vkSj jksxk.kqvksaa dh la[;k c&lt;+ tkrh gSA vkSj gj lky budk izdksi c&lt; tkrk gSA blfy;s vxj gj lky ,d gh Qly dks yxkrkj u cks;sa rks ge buds izdksi dks de dj ldrs gSaA tSls pus esa m[kVk dk izdksi gksus ij ml [ksr esa 2&amp;3 lky rd puk ugha cksuk pkfg;sA vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 10. izfrjks/kh@lgu&apos;khy fdLeks dk pquko fdlh Qly dh lÒh fdLeks esa dhM+ks vkSj jksxks ls yM+us dh &apos;kfDr ,d tSlh ugha gksrh gSaA dqN fdLeksa ij budk vlj vf/kd gksrk gS ijUrq dqN fdLeksa ij budk vlj ugh gksrk gS ;k de gksrk gSaA tSls dikl dh vke fdLeks dh rqyuk esa ch-Vh-dikl fdLeksa ij lqaMh dk vlj ugh gksrk gSaA vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 11. [kjirokjksa dh lQkbZ Qly vo&apos;ks&amp;quot;k vkSj [kjirokjksa ij vusd dhM+s vkSj jksxk.kq vkJhr gksrs gSA vr% Qly vo&apos;ks&amp;quot;k vkSj [kjirokjksa dks u&amp;quot;V dj saA Qly vo&apos;ks&amp;quot;k dks u&amp;quot;V dj sa [kjirokjksa dks u&amp;quot;V dj sa vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 12. vU; fdz;k,¡ dVkbZ&amp;NaVkbZ Qynkj ikS/ks esa le; ij dVkà NaVkà djus ls ikS/ks dks vPNh /kqi vkSj gok feyrh gS vkSj ikS/ks ij dhM+ks vkSj jksxks dk vlj de gksrk gSA vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 13. vU; fdz;k,¡ mfpr iks&amp;quot;k.k O;oLFkk % u=tu] QkLQksjl ,oa iksVk&apos;k dks 4 % 2 % 1 ds vuqikr esa iz;ksx djuk pkfg;s A vf/kd u=tu dk iz;ksx djus ls ikS/ks esa dhM+s vf/kd yxrs gSA xkscj dh dPph [kkn dk iz;ksx djus ls Qly esa nhed dk izdksi c&lt; tkrk gSA vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 14. ÒkSfrd o ;kaf=d fØ;k,¡ ihys iziap ;k ihys Vªsi izdk&apos;k iziap ;k ykÃV Vªsi Qsjkseksu iziap ;k Qsjkseksu Vªsi ck¡l dh [kiPph;k yxkuk vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 15. ihys iziap ;k ihys Vªsi [ksr esa ihys fpidus okys iziap ikS/ks ls dqN Å¡pkà ij yxk nsrs gS dhM+s bu ij fpid dj ej tkrs gSaA vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 16. izdk&apos;k iziap ;k ykÃV Vªsi jkr esa [ksr dh esaM+ks ij rxkjh ;k Vc esa dsjksflu feyk ikuh Òjdj ml es ykyVsu tykdj j[kus ls dhM+s izdk&apos;k ds ikl vkrs gS vkSj ykyVsu ls Vdjkdj dsjksflu feys ikuh esa fxjdj ej tkrs gSaA vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 17. izdk&apos;k iziap ;k ykÃV Vªsi fctyh ds cYc okys izdk&apos;k iziap dk mi;ksx Òh fd;k tk ldrk gSaA vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 18. Qsjkseksu iziap ;k Qsjkseksu Vªsi ;s ,d fo&amp;quot;ks&apos;k iziap gS tks uj dhM+ks dks viuh rjQ vkdf&amp;quot;k Z r djrk gSA bldk mi;ksx dhM+ks dh la[;k irk djus ds fy; Òh fd;k tkrk gSA vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa 5&amp;8 Qhjkseksu iziap@gs- yxkdj Qals o;Ld dhVksa dks fudkydj ekj Mkysa A
  • 19. Qsjkseksu iziap ;k Qsjkseksu Vªsi vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 20. ck¡l dh [kiPph;k yxkuk vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vusd i{kh dhM+ks dks [kkrs gSaA vxj [ksr esa buds csBus ds fy;s ck¡l dh T vkdkj dh [kiPph;k yxk fn tk;s rks [ksr esa dhM+ks dk izdksi de gksxk A pus esa bldk ykÒdkjh izÒko ns[kk x;k gSA vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 21. ijHk{kh fpfM;kW vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 22. tSfod fu;a=.k vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS tho gh tho dk Òkstu gSa ds fl)kar ds vk/kkj ij ,d thols nqljs tho dk fu;a=.k gh tSfod fu;a=.k gSA ijthoh dhM+s ijÒ{kh dhM+s ch-Vh- thok.kq ,u-ih-oh- QQwan vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 23. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS ijthoh dhM+s izeq[k ijthoh Vªkbdksxzkek vkSj Vsyhuksel dhV gSA Vsyhuksel jhel Vªkbdksxzkek tkfr;k¡ vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 24. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS ijthoh dhM+s izks&lt;+ Vªkbdksxzkek Vªkbdks dkMZ vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 25. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS ijthoh dhM+s dikl esa Vªkbdks dkMZ yxkrs gq, vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 26. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS ijthoh dhM+s Vªkbdks dkMZ dk iz;ksx dksulh Qly esas djs Vªkbdks dkMZ dk iz;ksx dc djs Vªkbdks dkMZ dk iz;ksx dsls djs vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 27. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS Vªkbdks dkMZ dk iz;ksx dksulh Qly esas djs vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa cqokbZ@jksikbZ ds 45 fnu ckn 10 fnu ds varj ls 3 -5 eDdk] Tokj cqokbZ ds 45 fnu ckn 7 fnu ds varj ls 3 ckj 7-5 dikl cqokbZ@jksikbZ ds 45 fnu ckn 10 fnu ds varj ls 6 ckj 3 -5 VekVj] fepZ] fÒ.Mh] xksÒh le; dkMZ la[;k izfr gsDVs;j Qly
  • 28. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS Vªkbdks dkMZ dk iz;ksx dc djs vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa dhVksasa dh la[;k fn[krs gh Qly ij V~zkbdksxzkek fpyksful ¼v.M ijthoh½ ds v.Ms 1-5 yk[k izfr gsDVj çfr lIrkg pkj ckj NksMsaA
  • 29. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS Vªkbdks dkMZ dk iz;ksx dsls djs vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa <ul><ul><li>,d dkMZ ds 20 VqdM+s dj [ksr esa yxk;s dh bu ij lh/kh /kqi u iM+sA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>,d gsDVs;j esa 60&amp;80 txg yxk;sa A </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dkMZ ij fy[kh rkjh[k rd iz;ksx djsa A </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dkMZ yxkus ds 15 fnu igys vkSj ckn esa jlk;uks dk iz;ksx u djsA </li></ul></ul>
  • 30. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS ijthoh dhM+s Vsyhuksel jhel vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 31. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS ijthoh dhM+s dksVsf&apos;k;k ¶ysohil ¼eDdk ruk cs/kd ds fy;s½ vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 32. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS ijthoh dhM+s LVsuksczksdksu uhlfoys vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 33. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS ijthoh dhM+s dSEiksysfVl DyksfjMh ¼pus dh lq.Mh ds fy;s½ vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 34. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS ijÒ{kh dhM+s ØkblksfiM~l dkWDlhusyk vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 35. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS xzc izkS&lt;+ I;wik v.Ms ØkblksfiM~l vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 36. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS dkWDlhusyk xzc izkS&lt;+ I;wik v.Ms vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 37. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS ch-Vh- thok.kq vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa pus dh yV dikl dh xqykch yV o fpRrhnkj yV ghjd frryh lks;kchu dh bYyh
  • 38. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS ch-Vh- thok.kq vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa Qlysa &amp; lks;kchu] dikl] puk] lCth;k¡ ek=k &amp; 100&amp;300 xzke lfdz; rRo izfr gSDVs;j <ul><li>lko/kkuh &amp; </li></ul><ul><li>fNM+dko Bhd izdkj ls djsa dh lÒh ifRr;k¡ Bhd ls Òhx tk;s </li></ul><ul><li>lkr fnu i&apos;pkr nksgjk;sa </li></ul>O;kikjhd uke &amp; Mhisy] MsYQhu] csDVhu] ck;ks&amp;Vsd vkfn
  • 39. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS ,u-ih-oh- ;g fo&amp;quot;kk.kq rEckdq bYyh vkSj pus dh yV ij izÒkoh gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa rEckdq bYyh ds fy;s ,l-,- ,u-ih-oh- pus dh yV ds fy;s ,p-,- ,u-ih-oh-
  • 40. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS ,u-ih-oh- vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa rEckdq bYyh ds fy;s ,l-,- ,u-ih-oh- Qlysa &amp; lks;kchu] dikl] lCth;k] vaxwj vkfn dc fNM+ds &amp; dhM+s ds vaMs nsrs le; ek=k &amp; 250 LE/ha lko/kkuh &amp; fNM+dko Bhd izdkj ls djsa dh lÒh ifRr;k¡ Bhd ls Òhx tk;s
  • 41. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS ,u-ih-oh- vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa pus dh yV ds fy;s ,p-,- ,u-ih-oh- Qlysa &amp; dikl] puk] VekVj] vjgj vkfn dc fNM+ds &amp; dhM+s ds vaMs nsrs le; ek=k &amp; 250 LE/ha lko/kkuh &amp; fNM+dko Bhd izdkj ls djsa dh lÒh ifRr;k¡ Bhd ls Òhx tk;s
  • 42. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS QQwan vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa VªkbdksMjek fojhMh vkSj VªkbdksMjek gkjth,ue dk iz;ksx cht mipkj gsrq fd;k tk jgk gSA cht mipkj vusd e`nktfur jksxks dh jksdFkke esa dkjxj gSA VªkbdksMjek ls cht mipkj djus ij vU; QQqanuk&apos;kh dk iz;ksx cht mipkj gsrq u djsaA
  • 43. uhe vk/kkfjr mRikn vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa cktkj esa uhe ds dà mRikn feyrs gS tSls vpqd] uhe fgV] uhecsl] uheIyl] uheVkWi] uheksy vkfn
  • 44. uhe vk/kkfjr mRikn vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe mRiknks dk iz;ksx dikl] /kku] puk] fÒaMh] xksÒh] VekVj vkfn esa lQyrkiqoZd fd;k tk ldrk gSA dikl dh lqaMh] eks;yk] tslhM] FkhzIl] lQsn e[[kh] ifRr eksMd] Qyh Nsnd] ] Qy cs/kd o ghjd frryh ij izÒkoh gS uhe lr dsls cuk;sa
  • 45. jlk;uks dk iz;ksx dhM+ks]jksxks vkSj [kjirokjks ds fu;a=.k dk vk[kjh mik; jlk;uks dk iz;ksx gSA vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa vkÃ-ih-,e- ds vU; lk/ku u feyus ;k le; ij iz;ksx u djus ij flQkfj&apos;k fd, x;s jlk;uks dk iz;ksx lko?kkuh iqoZd djsA <ul><li>flQkfj&apos;k fd, x;s jlk;uks dk iz;ksx gh djsA </li></ul><ul><li>nks dhVuk&apos;kh jlk;uks dks feyk;s ugh A </li></ul><ul><li>,d gh jlk;u dk iz;ksx ckj&amp;ckj u djsA </li></ul><ul><li>jlk;uks dh lgh ek=k dk iz;ksx djs A </li></ul>
  • 46. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa ?kj ij uhe ds chtks dk lr cukus ds fy;s 5 fdyksxzke uhe ds chtks dh xqyh dks fildj 20 fyVj ikuh esa 24 ?kaVks rd fÒxks;s A uhe lr dsls cuk;sa chp esa 2&amp;4 ckj ydM+h ls fgyk;sA
  • 47. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa izkIr lr dks ikuh feykdj 100 fyVj cuk;sa vc 200 xkze lkcqu feyk;s vkSj izÒkfor {ks=ks ij fNM+dsA uhe lr dsls cuk;sa ?kksy dks diM+s ls NkusA iqu% ikuh feykdj 2&amp;3 ckj Nkus rkfd iwjk lr fudy tk;sA
  • 48. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe iRrh dk lr dsls cuk;sa uhe lr dsls cuk;sa <ul><ul><li>?kj ij uhe iRrh;ks dk lr cukus ds fy;s 5 fdyksxzke Nk;k esa lw[kh uhe dh iRrh;ks dks ihldj ikmM+j cuk;sA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>20 fyVj ikuh esa 24 ?kaVks rd fÒxks;s chp esa 2&amp;4 ckj ydM+h ls fgyk;sA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>?kksy dks diM+s ls NkusA iqu% ikuh feykdj 2&amp;3 ckj Nkus rkfd iwjk lr fudy tk;sA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>izkIr lr dks ikuh feykdj 100 fyVj cuk;sa vc 200 xkze lkcqu feyk;s vkSj izÒkfor {ks=ks ij fNM+dsA </li></ul></ul>
  • 49. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- lCth;ksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- Qyks esa vkbZ-ih-,e-
  • 50. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- ihNs xsgw¡ eDdk /kku puk jktek ewax&amp;mM+n l¨;kchu ljlksa eqaxQyh vjaMh dikl
  • 51. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa lCth;ksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e-
  • 52. vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS vkxs ihNs can uhe lr dsls cuk;sa Qyks esa vkbZ-ih-,e-
  • 53. vkxs ihNs can vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS uhe lr dsls cuk;sa ewax&amp;mM+n esa vkbZ-ih-,e- xehZ esa [ksr dh xgjh tqrkbZ djsa <ul><li>izfrjks/kh@lgu&apos;khy fdLeks dk iz;ksx djsa </li></ul><ul><li>VªkbdksMjek fojhMh vkSj VªkbdksMjek gkjth,ue dk iz;ksx cht mipkj gsrq djsa </li></ul><ul><li>ckyks okyh lqaMh ds fy, izdk&apos;k iziap ;k ykÃV Vªsi dk iz;ksx djsa </li></ul><ul><li>QksjsV ;k dkcksZ¶;qjkWu 1 fdyks lfdz; rRo cqokbZ ds le; Òwfe esa feyk;sa </li></ul>
  • 54. vkxs ihNs can vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS uhe lr dsls cuk;sa puk esa vkbZ-ih-,e- xehZ esa [ksr dh xgjh tqrkbZ djsa vPNh rjg lMh gqà xkscj dh [kkn iz;ksx djsaA
  • 55. vkxs ihNs can vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS uhe lr dsls cuk;sa puk esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vylh] xsgw¡] ljlksa ds lkFk puk cks;sa le; ij ,d lkFk cqokbZ djs
  • 56. vkxs ihNs can vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS uhe lr dsls cuk;sa puk esa vkbZ-ih-,e- izfrjks/kh@lgu&apos;khy fdLeks dk iz;ksx djsa e/; vDVqcj esa puk cksus ls pus dh yV dk izdksi de gksrk gSa
  • 57. vkxs ihNs can vko&apos;;drk D;®a gS vkbZ-ih-,e- dk vk/kkj vkbZ-ih-,e- ds rRo Qlyksa esa vkbZ-ih-,e- vU; tkudkjh;ka vkbZ-ih-,e- D;k gS uhe lr dsls cuk;sa puk esa vkbZ-ih-,e- <ul><li>VªkbdksMjek fojhMh vkSj VªkbdksMjek gkjth,ue dk iz;ksx cht mipkj gsrq djsa </li></ul><ul><li>ckyks okyh lqaMh ds fy, izdk&apos;k iziap ;k ykÃV Vªsi dk iz;ksx djsa </li></ul><ul><li>QksjsV ;k dkcksZ¶;qjkWu 1 fdyks lfdz; rRo cqokbZ ds le; Òwfe esa feyk;sa </li></ul>

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