WHAT CAN USAID DO TO HELP  FEED THE FUTURE?
Vegetation in Galma in 1975 and 2003
Vegetation in Galma in 1975 and 2003  1975 2003
Zinder: 1975 and 2005
Farmer-managed re-greening in Niger <ul><li>5,000,000 ha re-greened in 20 years (only labour for protection, no investment...
<ul><li>Urgent to act as a « perfect storm » is brewing  </li></ul><ul><li>> Temperatures will increase  (2-3° C?) </li></...
Niger: 15 million inhabitants in 2010 50 million in 2050
AGROFORESTRY IS A LOW-COST WAY TO  INTENSIFY AGRICULTURE, ADAPT TO CLIMATE CHANGE AND REDUCE RURAL POVERTY;  NO RECURRENT ...
WHAT CAN USAID DO TO SCALE UP  AGROFORESTRY IN AND OUTSIDE  THE SAHEL?
REVIEW PROJECT PORTFOLIOS FOR AFRICA ASIA LATIN AMERICA NORTH AFRICA AND MIDDLE EAST TO EXPLORE OPPORTUNITIES FOR  INCLUDI...
RE-GREENING IS ABOUT: ☻  PROMOTING ON-FARM REGENERATION ☻  TREE PLANTING ☻  PARTICIPATORY FOREST MANAGEMENT ☻  RANGE MANAG...
1990 LAND REHABILITATION AND AGROFORESTRY  2004 Demi lunes Combretum glutinosum Zaï Techniques simples   Piliostigma retic...
NEW AGROFORESTS ON SENO PLAINS (MALI)  450,000 ha
 
This is what it looks like on the ground
 
MAINSTREAM AGROFORESTRY INTO EXISTING  PROJECTS AND PROGRAMS
DEVELOP NATIONAL AGROFORESTRY PROGRAMS  IN THE SAHEL…..URGENT NEED !! (x million $)
THIS WAS BARREN LAND IN 1985 MAINSTREAM RE-GREENING INTO ALL RELEVANT PROJECTS IN SAHEL
A STUDY ON ECONOMIC VALUATION OF AGROFORESTRY IN THE SAHEL IS  UNDERTAKEN BY ICRAF
DEVELOP VALUE CHAINS IN AGROFORESTRY
DEVELOP A MOVEMENT AND A PROCESS AROUND RE-GREENING
BECOME CHAMPIONS OF RE-GREENING…
THE CONTENT OF RE-GREENING PROGRAMS  WILL DIFFER PER COUNTRY
Natural regeneration in enclosure in Tigray and on-farm in Zinder
<ul><li>Horn of Africa Regional Environment C entre  </li></ul><ul><li>and Network  HoAREC/N:  </li></ul><ul><li>KEY ROLE ...
HOW QUICK CAN USAID ACT? HOW FLEXIBLE IS USAID? CAN USAID SUPPORT LONGER-TERM PROCESSES? « WE KNOW WHERE WE START,BUT NOT ...
<ul><li>IDENTIFY EXISTING SUCCESSES </li></ul><ul><li>FARMER-TO-FARMER VISITS  </li></ul><ul><li>ADAPTATION OF NATIONAL PO...
Farmer-to-farmer study visits: which impact?
 
ADAPTATION OF NATIONAL POLICIES:  SEEKING CHAMPIONS Hama Arba Diallo Vice-President  Assemblée Nationale du Burkina Faso D...
 
Radio programs potentially draw millions of listeners (farmers)
4. Web alliance for  Re-greening Africa (W4RA)
African Re-greening Initiatives: improve access to information
MOBILISATION OF INTERNATIONAL MEDIA
NEW YORK TIMES (2007) INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE (2007) LE MONDE (2002, 2009) LE MONDE DIPLOMATIQUE (2011) SCIENTIFIC AM...
 
 
 
ADVOCACY GRASPING ALL  OPPORTUNITIES
 
AFRICAN RE-GREENING INITIATIVES:  Creating a process and a movement Burkina Faso, Mali Ethiopia, Niger Expanding to:  Keny...
It is possible to improve the  livelihoods of millions of farmers in Africa !!
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How to mobilize donor agencies for farmer-managed re-greening

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How to mobilize donor agencies for farmer-managed re-greening

  1. 1. WHAT CAN USAID DO TO HELP FEED THE FUTURE?
  2. 2. Vegetation in Galma in 1975 and 2003
  3. 3. Vegetation in Galma in 1975 and 2003 1975 2003
  4. 4. Zinder: 1975 and 2005
  5. 5. Farmer-managed re-greening in Niger <ul><li>5,000,000 ha re-greened in 20 years (only labour for protection, no investment costs, no recurrent costs to governments) </li></ul><ul><li>200 million new trees </li></ul><ul><li>additional cereal production/year: 500,000 ton </li></ul><ul><li>2.5 million people fed </li></ul><ul><li>1.25 million farm households involved </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Urgent to act as a « perfect storm » is brewing </li></ul><ul><li>> Temperatures will increase (2-3° C?) </li></ul><ul><li>> Rainfall will become more irregular </li></ul><ul><li>☛ Soil fertility is depleting </li></ul><ul><li>☛ Inorganic fertilizers are expensive </li></ul><ul><li>☛ World food market prices are high </li></ul><ul><li>Crop yields will decline ( - 20% to – 50%) </li></ul><ul><li>Population will double every 20 years </li></ul>
  7. 7. Niger: 15 million inhabitants in 2010 50 million in 2050
  8. 8. AGROFORESTRY IS A LOW-COST WAY TO INTENSIFY AGRICULTURE, ADAPT TO CLIMATE CHANGE AND REDUCE RURAL POVERTY; NO RECURRENT COSTS TO GOVERNMENTS
  9. 9. WHAT CAN USAID DO TO SCALE UP AGROFORESTRY IN AND OUTSIDE THE SAHEL?
  10. 10. REVIEW PROJECT PORTFOLIOS FOR AFRICA ASIA LATIN AMERICA NORTH AFRICA AND MIDDLE EAST TO EXPLORE OPPORTUNITIES FOR INCLUDING A RE-GREENING COMPONENT
  11. 11. RE-GREENING IS ABOUT: ☻ PROMOTING ON-FARM REGENERATION ☻ TREE PLANTING ☻ PARTICIPATORY FOREST MANAGEMENT ☻ RANGE MANAGEMENT
  12. 12. 1990 LAND REHABILITATION AND AGROFORESTRY 2004 Demi lunes Combretum glutinosum Zaï Techniques simples Piliostigma reticulatum Impacts importants
  13. 13. NEW AGROFORESTS ON SENO PLAINS (MALI) 450,000 ha
  14. 15. This is what it looks like on the ground
  15. 17. MAINSTREAM AGROFORESTRY INTO EXISTING PROJECTS AND PROGRAMS
  16. 18. DEVELOP NATIONAL AGROFORESTRY PROGRAMS IN THE SAHEL…..URGENT NEED !! (x million $)
  17. 19. THIS WAS BARREN LAND IN 1985 MAINSTREAM RE-GREENING INTO ALL RELEVANT PROJECTS IN SAHEL
  18. 20. A STUDY ON ECONOMIC VALUATION OF AGROFORESTRY IN THE SAHEL IS UNDERTAKEN BY ICRAF
  19. 21. DEVELOP VALUE CHAINS IN AGROFORESTRY
  20. 22. DEVELOP A MOVEMENT AND A PROCESS AROUND RE-GREENING
  21. 23. BECOME CHAMPIONS OF RE-GREENING…
  22. 24. THE CONTENT OF RE-GREENING PROGRAMS WILL DIFFER PER COUNTRY
  23. 25. Natural regeneration in enclosure in Tigray and on-farm in Zinder
  24. 26. <ul><li>Horn of Africa Regional Environment C entre </li></ul><ul><li>and Network HoAREC/N: </li></ul><ul><li>KEY ROLE IN BUILDING RE-GREENING MOVEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>IN ETHIOPIA </li></ul><ul><li>No. of members: 50 local organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Build or strengthen links with: </li></ul><ul><li>Productive Safety Net Programme </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable Land Management Programme </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural Support Programme </li></ul><ul><li>National Forum on Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Drylands Coordination Group </li></ul><ul><li>Belief systems </li></ul><ul><li>- International NGOs </li></ul>
  25. 27. HOW QUICK CAN USAID ACT? HOW FLEXIBLE IS USAID? CAN USAID SUPPORT LONGER-TERM PROCESSES? « WE KNOW WHERE WE START,BUT NOT WHERE WE WILL END ».
  26. 28. <ul><li>IDENTIFY EXISTING SUCCESSES </li></ul><ul><li>FARMER-TO-FARMER VISITS </li></ul><ul><li>ADAPTATION OF NATIONAL POLICIES </li></ul><ul><li>BUILD A CIVIL SOCIETY MOVEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>COMPETITIONS AT DIFFERENT LEVELS </li></ul><ul><li>BUILD (INTER-) VILLAGE INSTITUTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>RADIO PROGRAMS </li></ul><ul><li>USE OF INTERNET AND MOBILE PHONES </li></ul><ul><li>PR/MOBILISATION OF INTERNATIONAL MEDIA </li></ul><ul><li>ADVOCACY </li></ul>HOW DO AFRICAN RE-GREENING INITIATIVES SCALE UP SUCCESSES?
  27. 29. Farmer-to-farmer study visits: which impact?
  28. 31. ADAPTATION OF NATIONAL POLICIES: SEEKING CHAMPIONS Hama Arba Diallo Vice-President Assemblée Nationale du Burkina Faso Dr Laurent Sedogo Ministre de l’Agriculture Burkina Faso
  29. 33. Radio programs potentially draw millions of listeners (farmers)
  30. 34. 4. Web alliance for Re-greening Africa (W4RA)
  31. 35. African Re-greening Initiatives: improve access to information
  32. 36. MOBILISATION OF INTERNATIONAL MEDIA
  33. 37. NEW YORK TIMES (2007) INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE (2007) LE MONDE (2002, 2009) LE MONDE DIPLOMATIQUE (2011) SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN (2011) NEW SCIENTIST (2002, 2006, 2008) NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC (2007, 2008) NPR THE NEW YORKER (2011) ABC Radio (AUSTRALIA, 2008) Radio New Zealand (2008) BBC WORLD Earth report (2006, 2009) WHAT IMPACT?
  34. 41. ADVOCACY GRASPING ALL OPPORTUNITIES
  35. 43. AFRICAN RE-GREENING INITIATIVES: Creating a process and a movement Burkina Faso, Mali Ethiopia, Niger Expanding to: Kenya, Senegal, Nigeria……. ETHIOPIE HoAREC (50 national NGOs) Drylands Coordination Group, National Forum on Climate Change, etc.
  36. 44. It is possible to improve the livelihoods of millions of farmers in Africa !!

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