How to mobilize donor agencies for farmer-managed re-greening
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How to mobilize donor agencies for farmer-managed re-greening

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    How to mobilize donor agencies for farmer-managed re-greening How to mobilize donor agencies for farmer-managed re-greening Presentation Transcript

    • WHAT CAN USAID DO TO HELP FEED THE FUTURE?
    • Vegetation in Galma in 1975 and 2003
    • Vegetation in Galma in 1975 and 2003 1975 2003
    • Zinder: 1975 and 2005
    • Farmer-managed re-greening in Niger
      • 5,000,000 ha re-greened in 20 years (only labour for protection, no investment costs, no recurrent costs to governments)
      • 200 million new trees
      • additional cereal production/year: 500,000 ton
      • 2.5 million people fed
      • 1.25 million farm households involved
      • Urgent to act as a « perfect storm » is brewing
      • > Temperatures will increase (2-3° C?)
      • > Rainfall will become more irregular
      • ☛ Soil fertility is depleting
      • ☛ Inorganic fertilizers are expensive
      • ☛ World food market prices are high
      • Crop yields will decline ( - 20% to – 50%)
      • Population will double every 20 years
    • Niger: 15 million inhabitants in 2010 50 million in 2050
    • AGROFORESTRY IS A LOW-COST WAY TO INTENSIFY AGRICULTURE, ADAPT TO CLIMATE CHANGE AND REDUCE RURAL POVERTY; NO RECURRENT COSTS TO GOVERNMENTS
    • WHAT CAN USAID DO TO SCALE UP AGROFORESTRY IN AND OUTSIDE THE SAHEL?
    • REVIEW PROJECT PORTFOLIOS FOR AFRICA ASIA LATIN AMERICA NORTH AFRICA AND MIDDLE EAST TO EXPLORE OPPORTUNITIES FOR INCLUDING A RE-GREENING COMPONENT
    • RE-GREENING IS ABOUT: ☻ PROMOTING ON-FARM REGENERATION ☻ TREE PLANTING ☻ PARTICIPATORY FOREST MANAGEMENT ☻ RANGE MANAGEMENT
    • 1990 LAND REHABILITATION AND AGROFORESTRY 2004 Demi lunes Combretum glutinosum Zaï Techniques simples Piliostigma reticulatum Impacts importants
    • NEW AGROFORESTS ON SENO PLAINS (MALI) 450,000 ha
    •  
    • This is what it looks like on the ground
    •  
    • MAINSTREAM AGROFORESTRY INTO EXISTING PROJECTS AND PROGRAMS
    • DEVELOP NATIONAL AGROFORESTRY PROGRAMS IN THE SAHEL…..URGENT NEED !! (x million $)
    • THIS WAS BARREN LAND IN 1985 MAINSTREAM RE-GREENING INTO ALL RELEVANT PROJECTS IN SAHEL
    • A STUDY ON ECONOMIC VALUATION OF AGROFORESTRY IN THE SAHEL IS UNDERTAKEN BY ICRAF
    • DEVELOP VALUE CHAINS IN AGROFORESTRY
    • DEVELOP A MOVEMENT AND A PROCESS AROUND RE-GREENING
    • BECOME CHAMPIONS OF RE-GREENING…
    • THE CONTENT OF RE-GREENING PROGRAMS WILL DIFFER PER COUNTRY
    • Natural regeneration in enclosure in Tigray and on-farm in Zinder
      • Horn of Africa Regional Environment C entre
      • and Network HoAREC/N:
      • KEY ROLE IN BUILDING RE-GREENING MOVEMENT
      • IN ETHIOPIA
      • No. of members: 50 local organisations
      • Build or strengthen links with:
      • Productive Safety Net Programme
      • Sustainable Land Management Programme
      • Agricultural Support Programme
      • National Forum on Climate Change
      • Drylands Coordination Group
      • Belief systems
      • - International NGOs
    • HOW QUICK CAN USAID ACT? HOW FLEXIBLE IS USAID? CAN USAID SUPPORT LONGER-TERM PROCESSES? « WE KNOW WHERE WE START,BUT NOT WHERE WE WILL END ».
      • IDENTIFY EXISTING SUCCESSES
      • FARMER-TO-FARMER VISITS
      • ADAPTATION OF NATIONAL POLICIES
      • BUILD A CIVIL SOCIETY MOVEMENT
      • COMPETITIONS AT DIFFERENT LEVELS
      • BUILD (INTER-) VILLAGE INSTITUTIONS
      • RADIO PROGRAMS
      • USE OF INTERNET AND MOBILE PHONES
      • PR/MOBILISATION OF INTERNATIONAL MEDIA
      • ADVOCACY
      HOW DO AFRICAN RE-GREENING INITIATIVES SCALE UP SUCCESSES?
    • Farmer-to-farmer study visits: which impact?
    •  
    • ADAPTATION OF NATIONAL POLICIES: SEEKING CHAMPIONS Hama Arba Diallo Vice-President Assemblée Nationale du Burkina Faso Dr Laurent Sedogo Ministre de l’Agriculture Burkina Faso
    •  
    • Radio programs potentially draw millions of listeners (farmers)
    • 4. Web alliance for Re-greening Africa (W4RA)
    • African Re-greening Initiatives: improve access to information
    • MOBILISATION OF INTERNATIONAL MEDIA
    • NEW YORK TIMES (2007) INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE (2007) LE MONDE (2002, 2009) LE MONDE DIPLOMATIQUE (2011) SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN (2011) NEW SCIENTIST (2002, 2006, 2008) NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC (2007, 2008) NPR THE NEW YORKER (2011) ABC Radio (AUSTRALIA, 2008) Radio New Zealand (2008) BBC WORLD Earth report (2006, 2009) WHAT IMPACT?
    •  
    •  
    •  
    • ADVOCACY GRASPING ALL OPPORTUNITIES
    •  
    • AFRICAN RE-GREENING INITIATIVES: Creating a process and a movement Burkina Faso, Mali Ethiopia, Niger Expanding to: Kenya, Senegal, Nigeria……. ETHIOPIE HoAREC (50 national NGOs) Drylands Coordination Group, National Forum on Climate Change, etc.
    • It is possible to improve the livelihoods of millions of farmers in Africa !!