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Wca presentation jianchu&jun he 5.6

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  • 1. Decentralization and forest restoration governance: A comparative study in upland communities of Southwest China Jun He & Jianchu Xu
  • 2. Research Highlights • 1. Sloping Land Conversion Program is hugest forest restoration program in implementation in China with involvement of millions of upland farmers. • 2. Although the SLCP generally implemented in a top-down approach, the environmental and social outcomes varied from place to place. • 3. Local institutions play a significance role in shaping the policy’s outcomes which resulted that SLCP can be succeed in one place but fail in the other. • 4. There is a need for institutional reform across the country’s socioecological system with the national policy-maker considering local dynamics in in policy implementation and developing mechanisms for accountability and local institutions.
  • 3. Background • The Chinese government is currently implementing the world’s largest forest restoration program, the Sloping Land Conversion Program (SLCP), which uses public payments to convert marginal cropland in upper watersheds into forests, engaging millions of mountain-dwelling households. • Apart from providing financial incentives, the state has also attempted to promote local autonomy and participation in the program. This promotion is a milestone shift in forest policy to grant more power to local communities and increase the involvement of local governance in decision-making. • However, whether the SLCP has been effectively implemented, the extent of its ecological and socioeconomic outcomes and how its performance can be improved are still unclear in the absence of adequate biophysical and socioeconomic data.
  • 4. Research sits
  • 5. Results: local Institution dynamics • Xinqi ---local institution for collective management ---local election and democracy, downward accountability ---local communal tenure system • Pingzhang ---broken down local institution as resettlement project ---Eroded local institution for scared forest management ---Upward accountability,
  • 6. Results:Farmers volunteering for SLCP
  • 7. Results: influential actors in SLCP decision-making
  • 8. Results: Land use and cover change on the plots of SLCP
  • 9. Results: Socioeconomic assessment of sampled households after SLCP
  • 10. Conclusion • SLCP is implemented in a top-down approach, while the central government promoting local participation. • The SLCP is more likely to be successful where local institution is strong and downward accountable. • The central government would consider local variations in program implementation.

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