West African Science Service Center on Climate Change and Adapted Land UseWASCAL - West African Science Service Center onClimate Change and Adapted Land UseManfred DenichBonn Climate Change Conference, 36th SBSTA sessionBonn, May 23, 2012
Problems (examples)• 5th IPCC report: 831 invited authors – 66 are African scientists (8%)• Publications on climate and related issues: 2.4% from African scientist (1981-2009)• Number of delegates: USA 136, Ethiopia 2 (Bali 2007)
WASCAL…•aims at strengthening the capacities and competences inresearch, education and policy makingof West-African countries…•to deal with issues of climate changethrough adapted land use on a scientific basis…•in partnership with German institutions(research institutes, universities).
WASCAL partners•West African universities (11+)•National meteorological services (6 countries)•National water resources authorities (6 countries)•National agricultural research systems (6 countries)•Regional and international institutions (9+)•German universities and research centers (10)
Capacity development and infrastructure1. Competence Center (Ouagadougou)2. Core Research Program3. Graduate Research Program
Competence Center•provides infrastructure for research and development,•brings together know-how in climate, hydrology, landuse, biodiversity, economics and social sciences.
Establishment of databases•Data collection networks (climate, water, land use,biodiversity, socio-economic data)•Data management•Data analyses and policy advice
Core Research ProgramAfrican and German scientists establisha joint research program on land managementunder changing climatic conditions.
Research clusters• Climate and weather e.g. Interactions between land surface changes and regional climate• Landscape dynamics e.g. Adapting to water scarcity, uncertainty, and the effect of changing climate patterns• Agricultural systems e.g. Locally-evolved land management options as coping measures to climate change• Markets and livelihoods e.g. Demography and land use under increasing climate variability• Risk management e.g. Economic evaluation of risk management strategies• Integrated assessment e.g. Scenario analyses at landscape level
Graduate Research Programs (GRP)Regional universities work together and withcounterpart institutions in Germany to establish GRPs.The idea is based on an analysis of the West Africanuniversity landscape:•few universities in the region have the critical mass toestablish an above-average GRP on climate issues,•to be attractive, high-quality teaching facilities andadequate research opportunities have to be offered.
Graduate research programs identified byregional policy makers:2.African Climate Systems (Nigeria)3.Climate Change and Water Resources (Benin)4.Climate Change Economics (Sénégal)5.Climate Change and Land Resources (Ghana)6.Climate Change and Agriculture (Mali)7.Climate Change and Biodiversity (Côte dIvoire)8.Climate Change and Human Security (Togo) (Master)9.Climate Change and Land Use (Nigeria) (Master)
Structure of a graduate research program German Lead Competence university university Center Regional Regional Regional university 1 university 2 university 3• The GRPs are based at a university campus (lead university) of one of the participating countries.• Each GRP accepts 10 doctoral students per year.
West African universities•Université d’Abomey-Calavi (Benin)•Université de Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)•University of the Gambia (The Gambia)•Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology(KNUST) (Ghana)•Université de Cocody-Abidjan (Côte dIvoire)•Université de Bamako (Mali)•Université Abdou Moumouni de Niamey (Niger)•Federal University of Technology Akure (Nigeria)•Federal University of Technology Minna (Nigeria)•Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar (Senegal)•Université de Lomé (Togo)
National institutions• National Meteorological Services Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Côte dIvoire, Mali, Togo• National Water Resources Authorities Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Côte dIvoire, Mali, Togo• National Agricultural Research Systems INRAB - Benin, INERA - Burkina Faso, CSIR - Ghana, CNRA - Côte dIvoire, IER - Mali, ITRA - Togo
Regional and international institutions•VBA, AGRHYMET/CILSS, Institut 2iE, FARA, AGRA•UNU-EHS, IWMI, IFPRI, WMO
German partners•Center for Development Research – ZEF Bonn•University of Bonn (Geography, Agriculture)•University of Augsburg (Geography)•University of Würzburg (BioCenter, Geography)•Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)•German Aerospace Center (DLR)•German Climate Computing Center (DKRZ)•Forschungszentrum Jülich