Treediversityday2012vannoordwijk.ppt
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Presentation on Tree Diversity Day, 11 October 2012, at the 11th CBD Conference of Parties in Hyderabad, India

Presentation on Tree Diversity Day, 11 October 2012, at the 11th CBD Conference of Parties in Hyderabad, India

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Treediversityday2012vannoordwijk.ppt Treediversityday2012vannoordwijk.ppt Presentation Transcript

  • The Lorax: Yes, I am the Lorax who speaks for the trees, which you seem to be chopping as fast as you please. But Im also in charge of the brown Bar-ba-loots, who played in the shade in their Bar-ba-loot suits and happily lived eating truffula fruits. Now, thanks to your hacking my trees to the ground, theres not enough truffula fruit to go round!The Lorax: I am the Lorax. I speak for the trees.I speak for the trees, for the trees have no tongues.And Im asking you sir, at the top of my lungs- that thing! That horrible thing that I see!- Whats that thing youve made out of my truffula tree?The Once-ler: Look, Lorax, calm down. Theres no cause for alarm.- I chopped just one tree, Im doing no harm.- This thing is most useful! This thing is a "thneed."- A theed, a fine something-that-all-people-need!…..The Lorax: Sir, youre crazy. Youre crazy with greed.Theres no one on earth who will buy that fool thneed![a man drives by, buys the thneed and pays the Once-ler]The Once-ler: The birth of an industry, you poor, stupid guy!You telling me what the public will buy?
  • Tree  Diversity  Day  2012   •  CBD  COP11  Hyderabad  Wellcome,  there  are  s.ll  empty   seats  at  the  front…  
  • Tree  Diversity  Day  2012   •  CBD  COP11  Hyderabad   View slide
  • Handling Climate Change View slide
  • Tree diversity visualizations ranked by GOOGLE
  • Many symbolic representations Very few of the visualizations of biodiversitydirectly associate people and trees trees… at this meeting do not include UNDP
  • Why  Tree  Diversity  Day   •  YnoT  said  TonY  looking  in  the  mirror?   •  Grass  diversity  day,  microbe  diversity  day,   worm  diversity  day,  vulture  diversity  day,   livestock  diversity  day,  lizard  diversity  day?  Trees are•  Shaping  vegeta.on  and  forming  habitat  for   lots  of  plants  and  animals  (keystone)  •  Long-­‐lived,  adap.ng  slowly  (vulnerable)  •  Source  of  Provisioning,  Regula;ng,  Spiritual   and  Suppor;ng  func.ons  (anthropocentric  ES)  
  • Forest  and  tree  cover  transi7ons:  a  unifying  concept   1 Choice   across  CRP6   of  Y-­‐axis   6Core   2 3 4 5Temporal   Spa7al   Ins7tu7onal   X-­‐linkage  of  paBern,  X-­‐ paBern,   challenge  at   ac7ons  in   axis   X-­‐axis   turning  point   landscape  
  • A.  Trees  for  Products fruit firewood medicine income sawnwood fodderB.  Trees  for  Services soil   carbon     control  soil   watershed   shade biodiversity fer7lity sequestra7on erosion   protec7on Figure E.1
  • Fruits ashealthy part of diets
  • Zooming in…
  • Trees and services in urban environments…Delhi, Nov 2011
  • Harini Nagendra ATREEresearch inurban India
  • Beyond  varia.on  in  tree  cover,  we  also  need  varia.on  in  ‘paHern’:   çre-­‐  and  afforesta;on   Fields,fallow,  forest  mosaic  Farm  fo-­‐ Planta.ons   restry,   Fields,   agrofo-­‐ Forests   rests     &  Parks   deforesta;onè   Sharing Sparing Integrate                                  Segregate  
  • Tree-based resi-lience of people andtheir livelihoodsDec 2004 Tsunami,Aceh Indonesiahttp://www.worldagroforestry.org/sea/Publications/files/book/BK0149-11.PDF
  • Plant  Taxonomy  of  Trees  (250  families)  Flowering  plants   Tree is a lifeBroadleaf  or  hardwood  trees   form of plants, –  About  210  Eudicots  families  include  trees   not a taxono- –  17  Magnoliids    families  include  trees   mic entity;About  10  Monocotyledon    families  include  trees   (such  as  palms,  bamboos)   many familiesNon-­‐flowering  plants   contain trees +SoGwood  trees:   non-trees.•  All  7  families  of  Conifers    include  trees  a tree Being•  Ginkgoaceae  (Ginkgo  family):  has1benefits only    species...  •  2  families  of  Cycadophyta   and costs…
  • With an estimated…over 8,000 tree species, 10% of the 100,000 species, theworlds total, are threatened with number of trees worldwide might totalextinction. Even more worryingly 1,002 twenty-five percent ofspecies are listed as critically all livingendangered – likely to go extinct unless plant species.urgent action is taken now to save them. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/http://www.globaltrees.org/about.htm Tree
  • (Inaugural…)  Tree  Diversity  Day   Keynote speech Tree diversity & CBD syn- ergies: forest, agric, …// Aichi targets Joint fact finding sessions…Diversifying & Human Tree Tree diver- restoring benefits from diversity sity (genes- landscape tree diversity and to-landsca- mosaics for food, climate pes) & through tree health & change sustainable diversity nutrition mitigadapt use Tree Diversity Day: key messages and outcomes
  • Dr. M.S.Swaminathan
  • CBD  evolu.on  from    •  Islands  &  coasts   Trees matter•  Biodiversity  &  climate  change     Trees matter•  Forests     Trees matter•  Agriculture   Trees matter  •  Plant  conserva.on   Trees matter  •  Global  taxonomy  ini.a.ve   Trees matter•  Biofuels     Trees matter•  Agriculture,  f   orests  &  health   Trees matter towards  integra.ve   approaches  
  • Strategic Goal A:Address the underlyingcauses of biodiversityloss by mainstreaming… Aichi  targets  (targets 1…4) Strategic Goal B: Reduce the direct pres- sures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use (targets 5…10) Strategic Goal C: Improve the status of biodiver- sity by safeguarding ecosys- (targets 11…13) tems, species and genetic div Strategic Goal D: Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and (targets 14…16) ecosystem services Strategic Goal E: Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge (targets 17…20) management and capacity buildi..
  • Strategic Goal A:Address the underlyingcauses of biodiversity tree diversityloss by mainstreaming… Aichi  targets  (targets 1…4) Strategic Goal B: Reduce the direct pres- sures on biodiversity an& tree diversity promote sustainable use (targets 5…10) Strategic Goal C: tree diver- Improve the status of biodiver- sity by safeguarding ecosys- (targets 11…13) tems, species and genetic div Strategic Goal D: Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity an & tree diversity (targets 14…16) ecosystem services Strategic Goal E: tree diversity Enhance implementation through planting participatory planning, knowledge (targets 17…20) management and capacity buildi..
  • Trees have historically been the primary source of sustainable bioenergy captureDiversifying & restoring landscape mosaics through tree diversity Trees shelter food crops from harsh climates and can buffer soil water supply through hydraulic equilibration from stored groundwater supplies Jatropha – local medicine Ziziphus fruits – local source of vitamins
  • Diversity  in  tree  species,  sizes,  shapes,  phenology   Humanbenefits fromtree diversity for food, health & nutrition
  • Trees, forests and agroforestry ~ mitigation of & adaptation to climate change Tree diversity and climate change mitigadapt
  • Tree diver-sity (genes-to-landsca- pes) &sustainable use Teff, Ethiopia’s preferred staple food
  • (Inaugural…)  Tree  Diversity  Day   Tree Diversity Keynote speech Tree diversity & CBD syn- ergies: forest, agric, …// Aichi targets Joint fact finding sessions…Diversifying & Human Tree Tree diver- restoring benefits from diversity sity (genes- landscape tree diversity and to-landsca- mosaics for food, climate pes) & through tree health & change sustainable diversity nutrition mitigadapt use Tree Diversity Day: key messages and outcomes
  • Aichi  goals  and  targets   Specific  conclusions  and     re-­‐commenda.ons  from  Strategic Goal A: Address the underlying causes ofbiodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity Tree  Diversity  Day  across government and society  Target 1. By 2020, at the latest, people are aware of thevalues of biodiversity and the steps they can take toconserve and use it sustainably.  Target 2. By 2020, at the latest, biodiversity values havebeen integrated into national and local development andpoverty reduction strategies and planning processes andare being incorporated into national accounting, asappropriate, and reporting systems.  Target 3. By 2020, at the latest, incentives, includingsubsidies, harmful to biodiversity are eliminated, phasedout or reformed in order to mini-mize or avoid negativeimpacts, and positive incentives for the conservation andsustainable use of biodiversity are developed and applied,consistent and in harmony with the Convention and otherrelevant international obligations, taking into accountnational socio economic conditions.  Target 4. By 2020, at the latest, Governments, businessand stakeholders at all levels have taken steps to achieveor have implemented plans for sustainable production andconsumption and have kept the impacts of use of naturalresources well within safe ecological limits.  
  • Strategic Goal B: Reduce the direct pressures on Specific  conclusions    from  Tree  biodiversity and promote sustainable use   Diversity  Day  Target 5. By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats,including forests, is at least halved and where feasible broughtclose to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantlyreduced.  Target 6. By 2020 all fish and invertebrate stocks and aquaticplants are managed and harvested sustainably, legally andapplying ecosystem based approaches, so that overfishing isavoided, recovery plans and measures are in place for alldepleted species, fisheries have no significant adverse impactson threatened species and vulnerable ecosystems and theimpacts of fisheries on stocks, species and ecosystems arewithin safe ecological limits.  Target 7. By 2020 areas under agriculture, aquaculture andforestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation ofbiodiversity.  Target 8. By 2020, pollution, including from excess nutrients, hasbeen brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystemfunction and biodiversity.  Target 9. By 2020, invasive alien species and pathways areidentified and prioritized, priority species are controlled oreradicated, and measures are in place to manage pathways toprevent their introduction and establishment.  Target 10. By 2015, the multiple anthropogenic pressures oncoral reefs, and other vulnerable ecosystems impacted byclimate change or ocean acidification are minimized, so as tomaintain their integrity and functioning.  
  • Strategic Goal C: To improve the status of Specific  conclusions    from  Tree  biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, Diversity  Day  species and genetic diversity  Target 11. By 2020, at least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inlandwater, and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, especiallyareas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystemservices, are conserved through effectively and equitablymanaged, ecologically representative and well connectedsystems of protected areas and other effective area-basedconservation measures, and integrated into the widerlandscapes and seascapes.  Target 12. By 2020 the extinction of known threatened specieshas been prevented and their conservation status, particularly ofthose most in decline, has been improved and sustained.  Target 12. By 2020 the extinction of known threatened specieshas been prevented and their conservation status, particularly ofthose most in decline, has been improved and sustained.  Target 13. By 2020, the genetic diversity of cultivated plants andfarmed and domesticated animals and of wild relatives, includingother socio-economically as well as culturally valuable species,is maintained, and strategies have been developed andimplemented for minimizing genetic erosion and safeguardingtheir genetic diversity.  
  • Strategic Goal D: Enhance the benefits to all Specific  conclusions    from  Tree  from biodiversity and ecosystem services   Diversity  Day  Target 14. By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services,including services related to water, and contribute to health,livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded, takinginto account the needs of women, indigenous and localcommunities, and the poor and vulnerable.  Target 15. By 2020, ecosystem resilience and the contribution ofbiodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhanced, throughconservation and restoration, including restoration of at least 15per cent of degraded ecosystems, thereby contributing to climatechange mitigation and adaptation and to combatingdesertification.  Target 16. By 2015, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to GeneticResources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of BenefitsArising from their Utilization is in force and operational,consistent with national legislation.  
  • Strategic Goal E: Enhance implementation throughparticipatory planning, knowledge management and Specific  conclusions    from  Tree  capacity building   Diversity  Day  Target 17. By 2015 each Party has developed, adopted as apolicy instrument, and has commenced implementing aneffective, participatory and updated national biodiversity strategyand action plan.  Target 18. By 2020, the traditional knowledge, innovations andpractices of indigenous and local communities relevant for theconservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and theircustomary use of biological resources, are respected, subject tonational legislation and relevant international obligations, andfully integrated and reflected in the implementation of theConvention with the full and effective participation of indigenousand local communities, at all relevant levels.  Target 19. By 2020, knowledge, the science base andtechnologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning,status and trends, and the consequences of its loss, areimproved, widely shared and transferred, and applied.  Target 20. By 2020, at the latest, the mobilization of financialresources for effectively implementing the Strategic Plan forBiodiversity 2011-2020 from all sources, and in accordance withthe consolidated and agreed process in the Strategy forResource Mobilization, should increase substantially from thecurrent levels. This target will be subject to changes contingentto resource needs assessments to be developed and reportedby Parties.