Reducing tropical forest loss through           multiple-use?       Manuel R. Guariguata
20	  years	  ago	  in	  Rio…	  “Forest	  resources	  and	  forest	  lands	  should	  be	  sustainably	  managed	  to	  mee...
•  Food	  supplies	  will	  expand	  70	  %	  by	  2050	  and	     demand	  for	  wood	  and	  fiber	  will	  concurrently	...
How are forests being used?               Strict protection           Multiple use   Indigenous territories               ...
Who owns the forest?Sunderlin	  et	  al.	  2008	  
How do deforestation and degradation     fit in the current scenario?•  In	  La8n	  America	  and	  Asia,	  strict	  fores...
Multi-use: challenges•  Technical	  and	  managerial	  capaci8es	  differ	  for	     different	  forest	  products	  and	  m...
In	  Guatemala,	  ten	  years	  a`er	  the	  implementa8on	  of	  community	  forest	  concessions,	  those	  with	  the	 ...
In	  Peru,	  segrega8on	  of	  produc8on	  objec8ves	  was	  not	  effec8ve	  	  
Policy dimensionsAichi	  Target	  5:	  Rate	  of	  loss	  of	  all	  natural	     habitats,	  including	  forests,	  is	  ...
Tree diversityday2012 guariguata.pptx
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Presentation on Tree Diversity Day, 11 October 2012, at the 11th CBD Conference of Parties in Hyderabad, India

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Tree diversityday2012 guariguata.pptx

  1. 1. Reducing tropical forest loss through multiple-use? Manuel R. Guariguata
  2. 2. 20  years  ago  in  Rio…  “Forest  resources  and  forest  lands  should  be  sustainably  managed  to  meet  the  social,  economic,  ecological,  cultural  and  spiritual  needs  of  present  and  future  genera8ons.      These  needs  are  for  forest  products  and  services,  such  as  wood  and  wood  products,  water,  food,  fodder,  medicine,  fuel,  shelter,  employment,  recrea8on,  habitats  for  wildlife,  landscape  diversity,  carbon  sinks  and  reservoirs,  and  for  other  forest  products.”  
  3. 3. •  Food  supplies  will  expand  70  %  by  2050  and   demand  for  wood  and  fiber  will  concurrently   increase    •  How  can  we  sustain  enough  produc8ve  forest   and  land  available  for  agriculture  to  meet   current  demands  without  further  forest   conversion?  •  Keeping  space  for  produc8ve  forests  will   require  innova8on  in  forestry  prac8ces  while   mee8ng  ever-­‐growing  societal  needs    
  4. 4. How are forests being used? Strict protection Multiple use Indigenous territories (IUCN I-IV) (IUCN V-VI)Nelson  and  Chomitz  (2011)  
  5. 5. Who owns the forest?Sunderlin  et  al.  2008  
  6. 6. How do deforestation and degradation fit in the current scenario?•  In  La8n  America  and  Asia,  strict  forest   protec8on  substan8ally  reduced  fire   incidence  but  mul8-­‐use  areas  were  even   more  effec8ve    •  Across  the  tropics,  deforesta8on  rates  in   protected  areas  were  significantly  larger  than   in  mul8-­‐use  protected  areas    Nelson  and  Chomitz  2011;  Porter-­‐Bolland  et  al.  2012  
  7. 7. Multi-use: challenges•  Technical  and  managerial  capaci8es  differ  for   different  forest  products  and  market   opportuni8es  •  Local  communi8es  and  small-­‐scale  operators   struggle  to  adjust  their  prac8ces  to  meet   official  regula8ons—which  in  turn  show  li]le   harmoniza8on  for  mul8ple  objec8ves    •  Spa8al  planning  for  long  term  produc8on  is   usually  disregarded—par8cularly  for  mul8ple   uses  and  mul8ple  views    •  Ossified  tropical  forestry  curricula    
  8. 8. In  Guatemala,  ten  years  a`er  the  implementa8on  of  community  forest  concessions,  those  with  the  highest  degree  of  product  diversifica8on  and  social  organiza8on  are    be]er  able  to  buffer  economic  uncertainty      Radachowsky  et  al.  2012  
  9. 9. In  Peru,  segrega8on  of  produc8on  objec8ves  was  not  effec8ve    
  10. 10. Policy dimensionsAichi  Target  5:  Rate  of  loss  of  all  natural   habitats,  including  forests,  is  at  least   halved  …and  degrada8on  and   fragmenta8on  is  significantly  reduced  Aichi  Target  11:  Terrestrial  areas  are   conserved…and  integrated  into  the   wider  landscapes  and  seascapes    •  Management  tradeoffs  are  complex   and  acute  in  mul8ple  use  systems  •  Social  learning  and  mul8-­‐stakeholder   dialogue  is  essen8al  •  Spa8al  approaches  for  planning      

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