• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Chris Reij: The International Spread of Regreening #BeatingFamine
 

Chris Reij: The International Spread of Regreening #BeatingFamine

on

  • 674 views

The global spread of regreening through African countries such as Mali and Burkina Faso. Working with governments, R&D organizations and NGOs to establish enabling policies and kick start a regreening ...

The global spread of regreening through African countries such as Mali and Burkina Faso. Working with governments, R&D organizations and NGOs to establish enabling policies and kick start a regreening movement

Statistics

Views

Total Views
674
Views on SlideShare
600
Embed Views
74

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
9
Comments
0

1 Embed 74

http://unjobs.org 74

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Chris Reij: The International Spread of Regreening #BeatingFamine Chris Reij: The International Spread of Regreening #BeatingFamine Presentation Transcript

    • RE-GREENING IN THE SAHEL:IMPACT ON FOOD SECURITY
    • 1955 Dynamics of land use and vegetation in Southwest Zinder1975 2005
    • NIGER: 5 million ha in the Maradi and Zinder Regions
    • IT PRODUCES ANADDITIONAL 500,000 TONSOF CEREALS
    • FOOD DEFICIT IN NIGER IN 2011 -2012:600,000 TONS
    • Grain surplus Kantché District(Zinder/Niger). 350,000 inhabitants;high on-farm tree densities  2007 + 21,230 ton  2008 + 36,838 ton  2009 + 28,122 ton  2010 + 64,208 ton  2011 + 13,818 ton Source: National Committee for the Prevention and Management of Food Crises and FEWS Quoted by: Yamba and sambo (2012)
    • Why do farmers invest in theKantche District invest inre-greening?  Soil fertility 58%  Food production 25%  Firewood 12%  Construction wood 12%  Fodder 11%  Etc Source: Yamba and Sambo (2012)
    • Improved soil fertility andan increase in fodder production
    • FODDER IS LESS ACONSTRAINT AND LIVESTOCKDEPENDS 6 MONTHS/YEAR ONTREES
    • BAOBABS DOMINATE REGENERATIONIN PARTS MIRRIAH DEPARTMENT(NIGER)
    • The value of the leaves of one mature baobabvaries from 34 $ to 70 $ per treeAt current cereal prices in Niger one can buy70 – 175 kg of grain on the marketSource: Yamba and Sambo (2012)
    • AVERAGE ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOMEFROM NEW AGROFORESTRY PARKLAND (US $)Village Kouka Doukoum Kirou Zedrawa Daré Samou DoukoumDegree HaussaLeast 200 40 140 125 135ofvulnerableMedium 110 37 120 70 63vulnerabilityVulnerableVery 80 83 26 40 100vulnerableExtremely 104 50 116 80 45 Source: Yamba and Sambo (2012)
    • Barren land in 1985now complexproduction system
    • and they manage thetree stock
    • ….TO IMPROVE SOIL FERTILITY ANDINCREASE CROP YIELDS.
    • NEW AGROFORESTS ON MALI’SSENO PLAINS (450,000 ha)GRAIN SURPLUS IN 2011: about 50,000 tons
    • THIS IS WHAT IT LOOKS LIKE ON THE GROUND
    • FARMERS PRUNE IN JUNEAND LITTER IMPROVES SOILFERTILITY
    • WATER HARVESTING AND AGROFORESTRY Simple techniques 1990 Zaï Demi lunes Important impacts 2004Piliostigma reticulatum Combretum glutinosum
    • THIS WAS BARREN LAND (0 kg/ha)
    • TO FARMERS AGROFORESTRY IS A LOW-COSTWAY TO INTENSIFY AGRICULTURE ANDSTABILIZE ACCESS TO FOOD
    • Major agroforestry regions in West Africaand potential directions of expansion
    • ISAIAH 35: 1THE DESERT WILL REJOICE AND WILLBE FLOWERING LIKE A ROSE