Chris Reij: The International Spread of Regreening #BeatingFamine

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The global spread of regreening through African countries such as Mali and Burkina Faso. Working with governments, R&D organizations and NGOs to establish enabling policies and kick start a regreening movement

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Chris Reij: The International Spread of Regreening #BeatingFamine

  1. 1. RE-GREENING IN THE SAHEL:IMPACT ON FOOD SECURITY
  2. 2. 1955 Dynamics of land use and vegetation in Southwest Zinder1975 2005
  3. 3. NIGER: 5 million ha in the Maradi and Zinder Regions
  4. 4. IT PRODUCES ANADDITIONAL 500,000 TONSOF CEREALS
  5. 5. FOOD DEFICIT IN NIGER IN 2011 -2012:600,000 TONS
  6. 6. Grain surplus Kantché District(Zinder/Niger). 350,000 inhabitants;high on-farm tree densities  2007 + 21,230 ton  2008 + 36,838 ton  2009 + 28,122 ton  2010 + 64,208 ton  2011 + 13,818 ton Source: National Committee for the Prevention and Management of Food Crises and FEWS Quoted by: Yamba and sambo (2012)
  7. 7. Why do farmers invest in theKantche District invest inre-greening?  Soil fertility 58%  Food production 25%  Firewood 12%  Construction wood 12%  Fodder 11%  Etc Source: Yamba and Sambo (2012)
  8. 8. Improved soil fertility andan increase in fodder production
  9. 9. FODDER IS LESS ACONSTRAINT AND LIVESTOCKDEPENDS 6 MONTHS/YEAR ONTREES
  10. 10. BAOBABS DOMINATE REGENERATIONIN PARTS MIRRIAH DEPARTMENT(NIGER)
  11. 11. The value of the leaves of one mature baobabvaries from 34 $ to 70 $ per treeAt current cereal prices in Niger one can buy70 – 175 kg of grain on the marketSource: Yamba and Sambo (2012)
  12. 12. AVERAGE ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOMEFROM NEW AGROFORESTRY PARKLAND (US $)Village Kouka Doukoum Kirou Zedrawa Daré Samou DoukoumDegree HaussaLeast 200 40 140 125 135ofvulnerableMedium 110 37 120 70 63vulnerabilityVulnerableVery 80 83 26 40 100vulnerableExtremely 104 50 116 80 45 Source: Yamba and Sambo (2012)
  13. 13. Barren land in 1985now complexproduction system
  14. 14. and they manage thetree stock
  15. 15. ….TO IMPROVE SOIL FERTILITY ANDINCREASE CROP YIELDS.
  16. 16. NEW AGROFORESTS ON MALI’SSENO PLAINS (450,000 ha)GRAIN SURPLUS IN 2011: about 50,000 tons
  17. 17. THIS IS WHAT IT LOOKS LIKE ON THE GROUND
  18. 18. FARMERS PRUNE IN JUNEAND LITTER IMPROVES SOILFERTILITY
  19. 19. WATER HARVESTING AND AGROFORESTRY Simple techniques 1990 Zaï Demi lunes Important impacts 2004Piliostigma reticulatum Combretum glutinosum
  20. 20. THIS WAS BARREN LAND (0 kg/ha)
  21. 21. TO FARMERS AGROFORESTRY IS A LOW-COSTWAY TO INTENSIFY AGRICULTURE ANDSTABILIZE ACCESS TO FOOD
  22. 22. Major agroforestry regions in West Africaand potential directions of expansion
  23. 23. ISAIAH 35: 1THE DESERT WILL REJOICE AND WILLBE FLOWERING LIKE A ROSE

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