Sustainable Land Management for enhanced agricultural production in Rwanda


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Sustainable Land Management for enhanced agricultural production in Rwanda

  1. 1. Sustainable Land Management for enhanced agricultural production in RwandaByJoy Tukahirwa, Miyuki I., Shepherd K., Masuki K., and Mukuralinda A.16th February, 2011, <br />
  2. 2. Key Statistics on Rwanda<br />Rate of population growth is among the world’s highest (above 3.0 % annually).<br />Average rural population density of 574 inhabitants per km2 highest in Africa<br />Most arable land is under cultivation. <br />Per capita food production is declining, having dropped by 25 %post genocide.<br />Most farmers experiencing declining productivity.<br />Most farmland suffers from moderate to severe erosion<br />
  3. 3. Land Degradation in RwandaUpstream /down stream Challenges <br /><ul><li>Land use conflicts Conservation and agriculture –upper catchments
  4. 4. Runoff and nutrient losses upstream –mid slope
  5. 5. Sedimentation and Pollution downstream</li></li></ul><li>Bottlenecks at multiple levels<br />PLOT: Declining fertility<br />FARM: Lack of awareness of benefits of SLM practices hence low adoption<br />COMMUNITY : Lack of collective action<br />DISTRICT: Inhibiting Access and Control factors & Policy dynamics<br />
  7. 7. Radical Terraces
  8. 8. Crop intensification
  9. 9. One cow one family
  10. 10. Capacity building in SLM</li></li></ul><li>ICRAF / RADA PARTNERSHIPTOWARDS CAPACITY BUILDING IN SLM<br />3 AREAS<br />Capacity building of extension staff<br /><ul><li>Communication strategy
  11. 11. Cost benefit Analysis to target wide adoption</li></ul>Assessing soil health <br />Designing and implementing an interactive knowledge management database<br />
  12. 12. COMMUNICATIING SLM<br />Objective: <br />Increase the proportion of stakeholders with adequate awareness, knowledge and skills about SLM and its benefits<br />Existing Barriers:<br /><ul><li>Low awareness of benefits of SLM
  13. 13. Negative attitudes SLM practices introduced thru coercive approach
  14. 14. lack of communication capacity for knowledge transmission among extension staff </li></li></ul><li>SLM MANNUAL AND CURRICULUM <br />Objective <br />Describe a step by steps tool to support extension service in promoting SLM among stakeholders<br />Target Group: <br />Technical staff in Decentralized Local Government including <br />Extension Service staff<br />Recently recruited and elected leaders in charge of land use and agriculture at different levels at District, Sectors ( Subcounty) and Cells ( Parishes)<br />Farmers <br />Private sector: Input dealers ( E.G. Fertilizer and lime) <br />
  15. 15. Sustainable Land Management Information System (SLAMIS-RWANDA)<br />
  16. 16. Brief report on preliminary results of financial CBA<br />
  17. 17. Preliminary results<br />Initial investment cost were found not prohibitive<br />While provision costs: especially opp. costs of family labour tend to keep SLM less/marginally profitable or even not viable<br />There is need to minimize costs of production while maximizing yields/returns to farmers<br />
  18. 18. Land Health Surveillance<br />A science-based approach <br /><ul><li>Identify land health problems
  19. 19. Quantify major risks to land health
  20. 20. Target land management interventions
  21. 21. Evaluate outcomes on ecosystem services</li></li></ul><li>the Land Degradation Surveillance Framework<br />Designed to provide; <br />biophysical baselines at landscape level<br />a monitoring and evaluation framework<br />
  22. 22. AfricaSoils Sentinel Site based on the Land Degradation Surveillance Frameworka spatially stratified, hierarchical, randomized sampling framework<br />Sentinel site (100 km2)<br />16 Clusters (1 km2)<br />10 Plots (1000 m2)<br />4 Sub-Plots (100 m2)<br />
  23. 23. Sampling plot (1000 m2)<br />sub-plots (100 m2)<br />
  24. 24. Infrared Spectroscopy for rapid soil characterization<br /><ul><li> Rapid
  25. 25. Reproducible
  26. 26. Low cost
  27. 27. Predicts functional soil properties</li></li></ul><li>Survey of Rwaza site<br />
  28. 28. Training of SLM team<br />20 field agronomists (SLM) trained in AFSIS methods on land degradation surveillence and monitoring land change due to management over time<br />Among them 18 men and two female<br />Field survey involved; Soil sampling, infiltration measuring, soil texture, site and cover characteracterization<br />
  29. 29. Trainees in the field<br />
  30. 30. Field Cont..<br />
  31. 31. LONG TERM OPPORTUNITIES<br />Catalyzing collective action in SLM through land care approaches<br />Capitalising on land scape niches for agroforestry on terrace <br />Maximizing agroforestrybenefits<br />
  32. 32. THANK YOU<br />