Susan Karimi: Issues for Sedetary and moving pastoral communities #BeatingFamine
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Susan Karimi: Issues for Sedetary and moving pastoral communities #BeatingFamine

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Issues with pastoralist and agro-pastoralists in relation to natural resource management

Issues with pastoralist and agro-pastoralists in relation to natural resource management

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Susan Karimi: Issues for Sedetary and moving pastoral communities #BeatingFamine Susan Karimi: Issues for Sedetary and moving pastoral communities #BeatingFamine Presentation Transcript

  • Issues with pastoralist and agro-pastoralists in relation to natural resource management Presented at the Beating Famine Conference World Agro-forestry Centre Nairobi, Kenya 10-13 April 2012 Present Desired Future Presented by: Susan Karimi Programme Manager- Pastoralists Livelihoods World Vision -East Africa Regional Office
  • Major Characteristics of the pastoralists system• In East Africa, mainly found in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Somalia and Ethiopia.• Population of 20 million pastoralists and agro- pastoralists.• Inhabit ASAL areas• Mobility for pasture and water• They are an important link across the major farming systems in East Africa, due to the continually rising demand for livestock products.
  • Issues in Pastoral System on Natural Resource Management• Land Degradation through: Desertification  Over-grazing  Carrying Capacity;  Water and wind soil erosion
  • The state of most pastoral lands in East Africa............
  • Issues in Pastoral System on Natural Resource Management cont’• Drought; Diminishes rangeland productivity, Adversely affects feed quality and species diversity. Causes changes in the composition and size of the herd. If it continues to the extent of rangeland desiccation, pastoralists abandon the area.
  • Issues in Pastoral System on Natural Resource Management cont’• Sedentarization of pastoral communities: Intensive grazing around settlements Grazing around water points Sedentarization without proper alternatives
  • Issues in Pastoral System on Natural Resource Management• Land encroachment: Competition for the better quality rangelands Imbalanced grazing management• Land fragmentation:• Lack of innovation:
  • Steps taken• Training in natural resource management• Reseeding• Fodder harvesting
  • Critical lessons .............• Give communities control over natural resources including forests• Establishment of resource management groups for efficient land management• Modern scientific approaches• Better managed pastoralism• Encourage eco-tourism• Research and extension support for pastoral systems