A PRESENTATION BY DOMINIC KISAVI POLICE HEADQUARTERS OPERATIONS
Security is the cornerstone of any Country world over; Key to all forms of development; Law enforcement agencies have the responsibility reduce crime to manageable levels; Citizens and residents have a duty with security agencies to combat crime-criminals live amongst us; Crime undermines both macro and micro economic growth and development of a country as well as society and individual well-being.
Security situation in the last one year has been characterized by terrorist attacks by the Al- Shabaab group who have executed several attacks on Kenyan soil especially after KDF entered Somalia in pursuit of the terrorists. Surveillance and intensive police patrols led to arrest and prosecution of several suspected members of the groups and subsequent seizure of various explosive materials.
A)Al-shaabab related attacks Grenade attacks Kidnappings IED attacks Attacks/explosions were recorded in Nairobi,Garrisa,Ifo,Mombasa and mandera During this attacks several lives were lost and several persons injured. As well foreign and local aid workers were kidnapped and rescued inside somalia by KDF
Some of the attacks targeted bus termini,churches,entertament spots and shopping malls(Assanands). Several suspects were arrested, charged in court and several grenades and IEDs recovered. Police are still pursuing other suspects in connection with these attacks
Vast and porous border with somalia compounded by a rough terrain. Poor road network/infrastructre along the Kenya- Somalia border line Proliferation of small arms/ammunition from unstable neighbouring states. Mass influx of prohibited immigrants/aliens. Money laundering. Smuggling/dumping of unacustomed goods across he porous border.
Common cultural/religious belief/activities between Kenyan somalis and those from somalia complicate efforts by police to weed out terrorist groups in the country Infiltration into the country by al-shabaab/al-qaeda operatives. Existence of refugee camps in the country hosting somali natonal (Ifo and Dadaab) Local sympathizers and financiers. Recruitment of local unemployed youth/children into terrorist groups.
Disruption of economic activities along the border line and it’s environs. Disruption of community programmes, notably programmes dealing with reproductive health, sanitations, food security and education. Disproportional deployment of security officers due to increased state of insecurity in some regions Disruption of humanitarian aid due to increased threats by terrorist groups.
Checks points along roads leading to Garissa and other major urban centers in North Eastern region. Motorized/foot patrols have been enhanced in polarised areas Several arrest of aliens/prohibited immigrants have taken place and suspects arraigned before court (suspects include two iranians arrested in possesion of IED materials). Aid workers/volunteers have been advised
and made to adhere to sctrict security procedures. Constant survillence along the border line and suspected terrorist hideouts. Agencies operating in this region have been advised to review their security on daily basis to minimise risks. Night travel has been discouraged and agencies are normally advised on which routes to avoid and encouraged to move in convoys while keeping radio contact with the head and field offices.
Agencies have also been advised to employ locals in more sensitive/insecure areas. Enhanced security deployment along the porous border line to forestall attacks. Enhanced security deployment to all vulnerable /vital installations and VIPs. Security Agencies have stepped up efforts to identify and smoke out any ‘sleeper cells’ fronting and/or supporting al-shabaab activities in Kenya.
Enhanced collection of intelligence and prompt action against sympathizers to avert possible attacks. Appropriate scheme to curb entry by fleeing al-shabaab militia into the country. Increased and strict screening and controlled entry of Somali Natonals seeking refuge in the country. Arrest and prosecution of illegal immigrants . Surveillance, detection and preventive measures of proliferation of arms and ammunition into the country.
All chartered cargo aircrafts from Somalia to Kenya are made to land at Wajir airport for security inspection before flying to Nairobi. Cargo aircrafts are not allowed to fly in with passengers. As a preventive measure the public and other security agents have been advised to promptly report any suspicious activities and characters to police.
Several militia incursions mainly by the Merille, Dongiro and Dassanach from Ethiopia and Toposa from S.Sudan have been witnessed. These attacks have targeted the Turkana tribesmen in Todenyang while grazing their livestock or in lake Turkana while fishing. During these attacks, several civilians and security personnel have been killed and /or injured (on 16 April, 2012 the militia attacked an RDU can at Todenyang and killed several police officers)
Creation of a buffer zone Enhanced deployment of police and Military personnel to seal the border Enlistment and deployment of more KPRs in the affected areas Joint Border security meetings to discuss and deter future attacks
Tribal and inter – clan clashes have been witnessed in various areas in the Country Clashes are caused by struggle for scarce natural resources like water, pasture and others due to cultural practices like stock theft (Turkana, Maasai, Samburu) Other causes include border disputes and politcal supremacy especially during periods preceeding electioneering period
Notable incidents of tribal/clan animosity include: Pokomo/Orma clashes in Tana River Garreh/Degodia clashes in Mandera Kuria/Kisii in Transmara Gabra, Borana and Rendille herdsmen in Marsabit and Moyale Turkana and Somalis in Isiolo Dassanach and Gabra in North Horr Turkana and Pokot in Kainuk, Loruk and Lorogon areas
Such clashes and attacks have resulted in loss of lives, property and displacement of people in the affected areas Poverty index increases with such clashes Education processes for the school going children disrupted
More police stations have been established More police officers have been deployed in these areas Patrols have been enhanced Peace committees have been set up to harmonize relations between the warring tribes and clans
a). Economic Factors : Economic recession leading to increased unemployment and redundancy Urban population explosion due to rural-urban migration Unequal distribution in wealth Rapid population growth composed mainly of the youth
Breakdown of traditional norms, values and social order in the African traditional societies Conflict due to legal and cultural definition of offences and certain traditional practices, eg. Cattle rustling, drugs abuse. Lack of social/recreational services/facilities eg. Sports and other forms of entertainment to keep youth busy and steer them away from crime
Politicalinfluence leading to creation of political youth wings and vigilante groups like Taliban, Bagdad Boys, Kamjesh, Jesh La Mzee, Mungiki, MRC, Sungusungu, Chinkororo, King’ole, etc Historical political events in the last decade- demonstrations, riots, Ethnic violence, students’ unrest, PEV, etc, Election campaigns leading to incitement
Human migration i.e. influx of refugees from unstable neighbouring states Porous borders/coastal line which at times is difficulty to police leading to proliferation of illicit arms/ammo from unstable Statese). Institutional/Legal Factors Ineffective criminal justice (Police, Judiciary and prisons) Lack of victim support by Government officers, Civil Society and public at large
E-commerce Increased use of credit/Visa cards Cyber crime – which provides an avenue for better benefits with less risks to the perpetrators
a). Infrastructure: Its important as it spurs economic development Poor infrastructure leads to under-development in inaccessable regions like NE Region, North Riftb). Corruption: Its an epidemic which hails our Country It’s a major challenge to Law Enforcers Involvement and arrest of police officers is an indicator of the extent of the vice in the Gov.
The border line between Kenya and Somalia with vast area and rough terrain presents a big challenge to Security officers Due to its vastness, there area several incidents of incursions and smuggling of small arms/ammo and contraband
Lack of proper and effective land policies is a catalyst for land clashes Scarcity of natural resources like water and pasture is another cause of conflict Political incitement and boundary disputes are causes which at times go beyond police intervention
Vision 2030 envisages a society free from danger (i.e. protection from direct or physical violence) and fear ( sense of safety and overall well-being; Vision 2030 also recognizes safety and security as a key determinant in direction and pattern human settlement and investment decisions; To achieve the above goals the Police Service will pursue the following:
Improve Police/Population ratio to the UN Standards of 1:400 Application of modern crime investigative techniques e.g. Forensic investigative techniques Provide effective ICT insfrastructure in priority areas Provide a framework for coordination among security stakeholders/agencies Improve surveillance and crime detection methods
Increase capacity building through training and provision of appropriate equipment and tools Improve terms and conditions of service through improved remuneration, better living and working conditions Review of existing laws and enactment of new laws to criminalize emerging crimes phenomena