Session 5.5 Introducing AGFORWARD –a Project to advance Agroforestry in Europe
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Session 5.5 Introducing AGFORWARD – a Project to advance Agroforestry in Europe

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Session 5.5 Introducing AGFORWARD –a Project to advance Agroforestry in Europe Session 5.5 Introducing AGFORWARD – a Project to advance Agroforestry in Europe Presentation Transcript

  • Introducing AGFORWARD – a Project to advance Agroforestry in Europe Paul J. Burgess1, Anil R. Graves1 , M. Bestman2, V. Bondesan3, C.Dupraz4,5, D. Freese6, A Guichaoua7 , T. Hartel8, J. Hermansen9, F. Herzog10, F. Liagre11, M. Lindner12, J. McAdam13, G. Moreno14, R. Mosquera Losada15, J. Palma16, A. Pantera17, P. Paris18, T. Plieninger19, L. Rakosy8, A. Rosati20, F. Sinclair21, J. Smith22, A. Vityi23, J. Watte24 Presentation at World Agroforestry Congress: Session 5.5 Wednesday 12 February 2014
  • 1 Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, MK45 2TT, UK 2 Louis Bolk Instituut, Hoofdstraat 24, Driebergen Rijsenburg, 3972 LA, Netherlands 3 Veneto Agricoltura, 14 Viale dell’Università, Legnaro, 33020, Italy 4 INRA, 147 Rue De L’Universite, Paris Cedex 07, 75338, France 5 European Agroforestry Federation (EURAF), 14 Rue Pagès, Montpellier, 34070, France 6 BTU Cottbus, 1 Platz der Deutschen Einheit, Cottbus, 03046, Germany 7 ACTA, 149 rue de Bercy, Paris, 75012, France 8 Universitatea Babes Bolyai, 1 Mihail Kogalniceanu, Cluj-Napoca 400084, Romania 9 Aarhus Universitet, 1 Nordre Ringgade, Aarhus 8000, Denmark 10 Eidgenoessisches Volkswirtschaftsdepartment, Bundeshaus Ost, Bern, 3003, Switzerland 11 AGROOF, 120 Impasse des 4 Vents, Anduze 30140, France 12 European Forest Institute, 34 Torikatu, Joensuu, 80100, Finland 13 Agrifood and Biosciences Institute, 18A Newforge Lane, Belfast, BT9 5PX, UK 14 Universidad de Extremadura, Avenida de Elvas, Badajoz, 06006, Spain 15 Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain 16 Instituto Superior de Agronomia (ISA) of Tapada da Ajuda, Lisboa, 1349-017, Portugal 17 TEI Stereas Elladas, 3 KLM Palaias Ethnilis Odou, Lamia, 35100, Greece 18 Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche (CNR), 7 Piazzale Aldo Moro, Roma, 00185, Italy 19 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Nørregade 10, 1165 Copenhagen K, Denmark 20 Consiglio per la Ricerca e la Sperimentazione in Agricoltura, 82 Via Nazionale, Roma, 00184, Italy 21 ICRAF, U.N. Avenue Off Limuru Road, Gigiri, P.O. Box 30677, Nairobi, 00100, Kenya 22 Organic Research Centre, Elm Farm, Hamstead Marshall, Newbury, Berkshire, RG20 0HR, UK 23 NymE KKK Nonprofit Kft, 4 Bajcsy-Zs. Sopron, 9400, Hungary 24 Wervel, 26 Edinburgstraat, Elsene, 1050, Belgium
  • A new partnership building on previous research • • Building on previous research, such as the Silvoarable Agroforestry for Europe SAFE (2001-2005) project, led by Christian Dupraz Launch of new project at Cranfield University, UK (21-22 January 2014)
  • Partners covering a range of agroclimatic zones Participant organisation name 1. 2. 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14. 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Cranfield University European Forest Institute Association de Coordination Technique Agricole University of Santiago de Compostela TEI Stereas Elladas Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique Organic Research Centre BTU Cottbus Universidad de Extremadura Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Lisbon University of Copenhagen Research Station FDEA-ART Zurich Wervel vzw Aarhus University Agri Food and Biosciences Institute Consiglio per la Ricerca e la Sperimentazione in Agricoltura Louis Bolk Institute Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche NYME Universitatea Babes-Bolyai Veneto Agricoltura Agroof Assemblée Permanente des Chambres d’Agriculture Association Française d’AgroForesterie World Agroforestry Centre European Agroforestry Federation
  • Content • • • • • Partnership building on previous research Problem, aim and objectives Participation Preparing tools to allow scaling Promotion
  • Agriculture: components of a farm system Solar radiation Irrigation, Fertilisers Cultivation Crop products Animal products Animal feed Water and nutrients Soil Wastes
  • Marketable benefits of UK agriculture in 2007 Positive effect Output of crops Output of livestock Other marketable services Cost of inputs £5,867 million Value added £5,167 million Negative effect DEFRA (2012) £8,516 million £1,002 million £10,218 million
  • Agriculture: components of a farm system Irrigation, Fertilisers Cultivation Solar radiation Methane, CO2 NH3 N2O Crop products Biodiversity value Loss of soil C Landscape value Water and nutrients Soil Effect on health Animal products Animal feed Nitrates, phosphates, pesticides Wastes Soil erosion and salinity
  • Environmental benefits and costs of UK agriculture 2007 Spencer et al. (2008) Positive effect £1,413 million Climate change £656 million Air (e.g. ammonia) Water Soil Waste Landscape & habitats Biodiversity Total Net effect Negative effect £364 million £9 million £35 million £8 million £854 million £307 million £1,196 million £2,450 million £1,254 million
  • Value of provisioning services (£ billion a-1) Value of UK agriculture (2007) -10 10 2007 0 0 Value of non-provisioning ecosystem services (£ billion a-1) 10
  • Value of provisioning services (£ billion a-1) Value of UK agriculture (2007) -10 10 2007 0 0 Value of non-provisioning ecosystem services (£ billion a-1) 10
  • Value of provisioning services (£ billion a-1) Value of UK agriculture (2007) -10 10 2007 0 0 Value of non-provisioning ecosystem services (£ billion a-1) 10
  • Value of UK agriculture (2007) Value of provisioning services (£ billion a-1) Classical intensification -10 Agroforestry as a way of increasing the value of production whilst creating environmental benefits 10 2007 Extensification 0 0 Value of non-provisioning ecosystem services (£ billion a-1) The analysis does not include change in asset values 10
  • Relative tree yield per hectare 1.4 France 1.2 Spain 1.0 Netherlands 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 Relative crop yield per hectare Previous EU-funded research has highlighted resource efficiency gains from agroforestry (Graves et al. 2007)
  • A key hypothesis of AGFORWARD is that agroforestry, the integration of trees and shrubs with agriculture, can lead to a higher value of ecosystem services per hectare than disaggregated agricultural and woodland systems.
  • EU targets • Improving competitiveness of EU agriculture whilst improving the environment • Prevention of further loss to biodiversity • Reduction of EU greenhouse gas emissions • Greater resilience to climate change • Greater resilience to higher fuel prices • Reduce wildfire risk • Improving water quality • More coherent landscape protection Agroforestry landscape - Staffordshire
  • AGFORWAR AGroFORestry that Will Advance Rural Development Aim: to promote agroforestry practices in Europe that will advance rural development
  • Four main components to project 2. Participatory Research and Development Networks 1. Context WP1. Existing agroforestry systems in Europe WP3 WP2 Agroforestry Agroforestry for high systems of value tree high natural systems and cultural value WP4 Agroforestry for arable systems WP5 Agroforestry for livestock systems WP9. Dissemination 3. Evaluating innovations WP6. Field- and farm-scale evaluation of innovations WP7. Landscape-scale evaluation of agroforestry Project management 4. Promotion of agroforestry WP10 . Project Management WP8. Agroforestry policy development
  • Objective 1: To understand the context and extent of existing agroforestry systems in Europe Lead: Marcus Lindner, European Forest Institute Field-scale agroforestry 1. To explain how agroforestry is described in existing EU land use and land use databases 2. What can we learn from areas bordering Europe? (Fergus Sinclair, ICRAF) Farm-scale agroforestry
  • Objective 2: to identify, develop and field-test agroforestry innovations in the field with participatory networks Arable WP4 WP4 WP2 Agroforestry in arable systems Agroforestry of high nature Crops and and cultural livestock with value high value trees WP3 Livestock WP5 Agroforestry in livestock systems Animal component High value trees The AGFORWARD project will focus on four sectors: WP2: existing agroforestry systems of high nature and cultural value (HNCV) WP3: integrating livestock and crops into high value tree systems WP4: agroforestry for arable systems and WP5 agroforestry for livestock systems.
  • High Nature and Cultural Value agroforestry systems (WP2) lead: Gerardo Moreno
  • High Value Tree Systems (WP3) lead: Anastasia Pantera
  • Agroforestry for arable farmers (WP4) lead: Dirk Freese
  • Agroforestry for livestock systems (WP5) lead: John Hermansen
  • Woodland eggs and chickens • Woodland egg production • Welfare benefits for hens • Estimated to be 200 woodland egg producers in UK Woodland egg experiment Oxfordshire (2010) Flood plain recreational area, Milton Keynes Sheep production
  • The aim is to have a range of stakeholder groups across the four sectors focused on innovations and improvements in practice
  • Objective 3: to evaluate innovative agroforestry designs and practices at a field and farm-scale (WP6) and at a landscape-scale (WP7) WP6 Lead: Joao Palma (Lisbon University) Wp7 Lead: Tobias Pleininger (University of Copenhagen)
  • Development of existing field and farm- scale bioeconomic models • Yield-SAFE • Farm-SAFE • Hi-SAFE
  • Objective 4: to promote the wider adoption of appropriate agroforestry systems in Europe through policy development and dissemination (WP8, WP9). WP8 Lead: Rosa Mosquera-Losada (USC) WP9: Lead: Fabien Liagre (AGROOF) 2nd European Agroforestry Federation Conference 4-6 June 2014, Cottbus, Germany
  • Summary • A new agroforestry project to help improve the competitiveness of EU agriculture whilst improving the environment • Partnerships building on previous research • We are developing stakeholder groups with farmers and advisors focused on specific sectors • Development of tools to allow scaling • Focus on policy work and sharing the results Acknowledgement: Research sponsored by the European Commission FP7 Research Programme (2014-2017)
  • References Defra (2012). Agriculture in the UK http://archive.defra.gov.uk/evidence/statistics/foodfarm/general/auk/late st/excel/ Graves, A.R., Burgess, P.J., Palma, J.H.N., Herzog, F., Moreno, G., Bertomeu, M. , Dupraz, C., Liagre, F., Keesman, K., van der Werf, W. Koeffeman de Nooy, A. & van den Briel, J.P. (2007). Development and application of bioeconomic modelling to compare silvoarable, arable and forestry systems in three European countries. Ecological Engineering 29: 434-449. Spencer, I., Bann, C., Moran, D., McVittie, A., Lawrence, K., Caldwell, V. & Morris, J. (2008) Environmental Accounts for Agriculture. Project SFS0601. Final Report for Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs; Welsh Assembly Government; Scottish Government; Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (Northern Ireland). Available from: http://archive.defra.gov.uk/evidence/economics/foodfarm/reports/envac c/documents/Jacobs-fullreport.pdf (accessed 8 August 2012).
  • Partners: universities and groups working for farmers