Session 3.4 agroforestry options for improved livelihoods   indonesia
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Session 3.4 agroforestry options for improved livelihoods indonesia

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Session 3.4 agroforestry options for improved livelihoods indonesia Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Agroforestry option for improving livelihoods and the environment S. Suyanto, Noviana Khususiyah, Rahayu Subekti and James M Roshetko World Congress Agroforestry New Delhi, 10-14 February 2014
  • 2. Background • Global climate change, expected to result in global warming, is the most serious environmental problem the world faces. • Over the long term, climate change is likely to have a very serious impact on ecosystems and the world’s poorest are the most vulnerable as they depend heavily on natural resources for their food and livelihood. • To anticipate those problems, it is important to promote land management that can improve livelihoods and the environment simultaneously.
  • 3. Study Site
  • 4. Methods 1. Socio-Economic: •Household Survey •Income Survey Interviewed 90 Respondents (Households): 1. 30 respondents non-agroforestry farmers 2. 60 respondents agroforestry farmers 2. Carbon and tree diversity measurement
  • 5. Maize field Cacao AgroForest Coffee AgroForest Mix AgroForest Type of Land Use
  • 6. Average Land Holding by Land Use
  • 7. Agroforestry Provides higher Income Source of Income Average Income Per Household in South Sulawesi Non Agroforestry farmers Agroforestry farmers IDR % IDR % 1. Annual crops 3,688,182 28 1,289,467 6 2. Agroforestry systems 2,347,718 18 9,586,181 43 Cacao agroforest 284,208 2.2 274,025 1.2 Mix agroforest 334,467 2.6 7,054,781 31.3 Clove agroforest 0 0.0 1353150 6.0 Coffee agroforest 1,059,110 8.1 2,775 0.0 Firewood 669,933 5.1 901,450 4.0 3. Off-farm Incomes 6,975,850 54 11,672,442 52 Laborer (worker) 1,582,133 12.2 2,162,667 9.6 Remittances 2,680,000 20.6 483,333 2.1 3. Total income per year (IDR) 13,011,750 100 22,548,089 100 Total income per year (USD) 1,446 2,505 Income per capita per year 3,098,036 5,368,593 Income per capita per day (IDR) 8,488 14,708 Income per capita per day (USD) 0.94 1.63
  • 8. Income (USD) per ha per year (Land productivity) 477 1,005 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 Non Agroforestry Agroforestry Income(USD/ha.year)
  • 9. Types of trees Income per ha (IDR/ha) Mixed Agroforestry Cacao agroforestry Clove agroforestry IDR/ha % IDR/ha % IDR/ha % 1. Cacao 2,581,190 27 3,998,203 75 1,942,326 18 2. Fruits 2,350,041 24 1,035,948 19 183,721 2 3. Clove 3,052,517 32 - - 6,930,930 64 4. Pepper 631,854 6 - - - - 5. Timber 348,947 4 - - - - 6. Banana 186,201 2 68,627 1 - - 7. Food crops 535,447 5 270,261 5 1,821,395 16 Total 9,686,198 100 5,373,039 100 10,878,372 100 Agroforestry as a livelihood option for adaptation strategy
  • 10. Basal area of tree species in various land use Aboveground carbon stock in various land use Agroforestry for improving environment 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Clove Cacao Mixed garden Undisturbed forest Totalbasalareatree(m2ha-1) Land uses 0 50 100 150 200 250 Cacao Clove Mixed garden Undisturbed forest Abovegroundcarbonstock(Mgha-1) Land uses
  • 11. Agroforestry for improving environment Tree diversity index in various land use 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Clove Cacao Mixed garden Undisturbed forest Shannon-WienerIndex Land uses
  • 12.  Agroforestry system provide higher income for farmers, as a livelihood option for adaptation strategy from shocks such as unstable commodities price, pest and diseases and also from negative impact of climate.  Based on environment assessment using three indicators: tree basal area, carbon stock, and tree diversity index; we concludes that mixed agroforestry systems has better environmental function than other agriculture system.  This scientific evidences need to be translated into policy action such as promoting agroforestry in the agricultural and rural development programs, mitigation and adaptation strategy and biodiversity conservation programs. Conclusion