Session 3.3 indigenous trees incubators in kenya
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Session 3.3 indigenous trees incubators in kenya Session 3.3 indigenous trees incubators in kenya Presentation Transcript

  • “Trees For Life: Accelerating the Impact of Agroforestry” World Congress on Agroforestry Delhi, India 10-14 February 2014 Anja Oussoren Ivory Consult Ltd. “...for a better world.” Indigenous Trees Incubators in Agro- Ecological Zones in Kenya for the Commercialization of Nutritional Foods
  • Outline  Introduction  Indigenous Trees in Africa •  Opportunities and Gaps  The Innovation Strategy •  Indigenous Trees Incubators (ITIs) •  Seven Step Strategy  Collaboration •  The Hub •  KARI  Closing Remarks
  • Introduction Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes, are the leading cause of mortality in the world…………. Common, modifiable risk factors underlie the major NCDs. They include tobacco, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet, insufficient physical activity, overweight/obesity, raised blood pressure, raised blood sugar and raised cholesterol. The NCD threat can be overcome using existing knowledge. The solutions are highly cost-effective. Comprehensive and integrated action at country level, led by governments, is the means to achieve success. (WHO, 2011).
  • Introduction At the same time, trees are essentially pharmacies. People in Africa harvest, consume and market the fruits, nuts, vegetables, and teas from indigenous plants, 2/3 of which are trees and shrubs. These products are used by at least 80% of Africans because they are effective, accessible, and affordable. They have a long history of preventative (nutritional) and curative purposes. Maswa Town, Tanzania. Photo: AO, 1995
  • ©Ivory Consult 2010 Indigenous Trees in Africa  Rural communities prioritize trees based on nutritive and medicinal value  Income potential known  Benefits of sustainable use of indigenous trees to whole societies even greater Maswa District, Tanzania. Photo: AO, 1995
  • ©Ivory Consult 2010 Region Rank 1 Rank 2 Rank 3 Rank 4 Rank 5 Method East Africa (Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania) Adansonia digitata (Baobab) Tamarindus indica (Tamarind) Ziziphus mauritiana (Ber) Sclerocaryaa birrea (Marula) Balanites aegyptiaca Del. Field surveys (n=167) Southern Africa (Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Mozambique) Uapaca kirkiana (Wild loquat) Strychnos cocculoides (Wild orange) Parinari curatellifolia (Maula) Ziziphus mauritiana (Ber) Adansonia Digitata (Baobab) Field surveys (n=451) Miombo Woodlands, Tanzania Tamarindus indica (Tamarind) Canthium burthii (Mgubalu) Grewia fallax (Mkoma) Diospyros fischeri (Mfubata) Vitex payos (Mpulu) Field surveys (n=91); Market surveys (n=20) West Africa (Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon) Irvingia gabonensis (Wild mango) Dacryodes edulis (African plum) Chrysophyllum albidum (Star apple) Garcinia cola (Bitter cola) Cola nitida Workshops, field surveys (n=94) Sahelian zone (Senegal, Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso) Adansonia digitata (Baobab) Tamarindus indica (Tamarind) Vitellaria paradoxa (Shea) Ziziphus mauritiana (Ber) Parkia biglabosa Field surveys (n=470) The five prioritized indigenous tree species in selected regions in Africa.
  • Feasibility analysis of small fruit enterprises Joordan at al., 2007
  • ©Ivory Consult 2010  Research gaps: •  Identification, prioritization •  Underutilized fruits •  Domestication of indigenous fruits •  Human health •  Permaculture •  Product development •  Demand and Supply in the market Indigenous Trees in Africa Kibwezi County, Kenya. Photo: AO 2007
  • Name of Tree Family of Tree Known use (Fruit / Medicine) Stored at Kenya National Gene Bank (Yes / No) Adansonia digitata Bombaceae Fruit, Medicine No Azanza garckeana Malvaceae Fruit, Medicine Yes Balanites aegyptica Balanitaceae Fruit, Medicine Yes Canthium burttii Rubiaceae Fruit, Medicine No Diospyros fischeri Ebenaceae Fruit, Medicine No Lantana camara Verbenaceae Fruit, Medicine No Sclerocarya birrea Anacardiaceae Fruit, Medicine Yes Sclerocarya caffra Anacardiaceae Fruit, Medicine No Tamarindus indica Fabaceae Fruit, Medicine Yes Vitex mombassae Verbenaceae Fruit, Medicine No Ximenia caffra Olacaceae Fruit, Medicine No Ziziphus mauritiana Rhamnaceae Fruit Yes Priority Indigenous Trees as Stored at the National Gene Bank in Kenya Indigenous Trees in Africa  Conservation Gap
  • Kitale County, Kenya. LW, KARI, 2012  Supply and demand gaps The Daily Nation, 2 February 2014
  • Indigenous Trees in Africa  Nutritional and Medicinal value gaps •  Knowledge, appreciation, belief Kitale County, Kenya. LW, KARI, 2012
  • Longonot, Kenya. AO, 2013 Innovation Strategy   Objective: •  To conserve the indigenous trees in Kenya while commercializing their products for improved human health, through the establishment of Indigenous Trees Incubators in each of the agro-ecological zones of Kenya.
  • Innovation Strategy   Seven Step Strategy (long term, integrated) 1.  Ethnobotanical surveys 2.  Conservation of Germplasm 3.  Identification of Desirable Traits 4.  Development of Propagation Protocols 5.  Regeneration of Indigenous Trees 6.  Development of Nutritional Products 7.  Benefits sharing   Each Step with Objectives and Expected Results ITI
  • Innovation Strategy   Inspired by:   Research in Miombo, Tanzania •  University of Guelph and ICRAF   Medicinal Plant Incubator, South Africa   Gap between results of research and sustainability in the market place. Photo: Roodeplaat, RSA. AO, 2008
  • Innovation Strategy   Example: •  Intercropping of guava with moringa
  • ©Ivory Consult 2010 Indigenous Trees Incubators The ITIs address the following important issues: 1.  Disappearance of traditional knowledge 2.  Disappearance of genetic wealth 3.  Lack of balanced diets and resultant loss of health worldwide 4.  Weak link between research and the private sector
  • ©Ivory Consult 2010 Collaborators   The Hub: •  Ivory Consult Ltd   The Partners: •  Ivory Foundation •  Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) •  Kenya Forestry Institute (KEFRI) •  Research Institutions and Private Food & Nutraceutical Companies
  • Closing Remarks   Pilot at two KARI centres for proof of concept   ITI Strategy to be scaled up in other parts of Africa   Highly collaborative due to systems approach   Brings together science, business and people   ITIs is an innovative, multi-pronged approach for public and private sector to pool their resources together to fight poverty and disease.
  • ©Ivory Consult 2010 Acknowledgements Dr. G. Prinsloo, MPI Dr. Lusike Wasilwa, KARI Clive Wafukho, ICL Dr. D. Nyamongo, Gene Bank ICRAF
  • Anja Oussoren Director Ivory Consult Limited PJ Place, Enterprise Road Industrial Area, Nairobi, Kenya Tel. 020 550 622 / 31 www.ivoryconsult.com anja@ivoryconsult.com Thank you “…for a better world.”