0
mangrove.org
®
A Novel Model for Mangrove Agroforestry to
Provide Livelihoods and Biofuel Feedstock
© 1996-2014 mangrove.o...
mangrove.org
®
Mangrove Forests
 Coastal hardwood forests
 Littoral or intertidal zones of tropical and subtropical regi...
mangrove.org
®
Mangrove destruction and degradation
a worldwide issue
British Virgin islands
mangrove.org
®
Clearing of mangroves for
coastal development or agriculture use
mangrove.org
®
Mangrove Reforestation Failure
“How many times have you heard about a good idea applied
wrongly which backf...
mangrove.org
®
Conventional Reforestation
mangrove.org
®
“Through a cash-for-work project, villagers in Thailand,
harvest ...
mangrove.org
®
Law of Unintended Consequences
mangrove.org
®
Rhizophora propagules being conventionally planted
within the...
mangrove.org
®
Riley Encased Methodology (REM)
Principles of Isolation & Adaptation
mangrove.org
®
REM Encasement Device
 Protects seedling from environmental factors
 Maintains proper hydrology
 Facilit...
mangrove.org
®
 Principles
 Processes
 Specifications
 Technology
 Devices
 Tools
 Procedures
 Applications
mangro...
mangrove.org
®
Isolation & Adaptation time lapse
mangrove.org
®
Adaptation process complete
REM
Device
mangrove.org
®
Success Criteria - reproductive maturity
mangrove.org
®
Water view Shore view
Successful REM reforestation
mangrove.org
®
Clearing mangroves from agricultural lands,
severe erosion and direct economic loss
Costa Rica
mangrove.org
®
Armoring for shoreline stabilization
mangrove.org
®
mangrove.org
®
Water level
Filter Material
Armor Layer
Bottom sediments
Embankment
Toe
Top
Rock Revetments
mangrove.org
®
High-energy wave impact zone
- Prevents natural regeneration
- Conventional reforestation is ineffective
mangrove.org
®
Mangrove Mitigation
mangrove.org
®
Mangroves removed & revetment installed
Belize, CA
mangrove.org
®
Mangroves replaced by seawalls
Meritt Island Florida
REM Device
Shoreline revegetation with
Rhizophora mang...
mangrove.org
®
Sustainable Development
Restored
mangroves
mangrove.org
®
Biscayne Bay Florida 1997
Mangrove habitat destroyed in 1992
by Hurricane Andrew Cat 5 Storm
mangrove.org
®
REM Encasement Devices installed
mangrove.org
®
Wrack Line & Debris
mangrove.org
®
Isolation protects developing seedlings
mangrove.org
®
Adaptation process
Pneumatophores
and Aerial Roots
Pneumatophore
Aerial
roots
mangrove.org
®
Reforestation, shoreline stabilization, habitat restoration
mangrove.org
®
Biscayne Bay, Florida -1997
mangrove.org
®
Biscayne Bay, Florida – 2007
Ecological infrastructure
mangrove.org
®
Eroding shoreline with exotic vegetation
mangrove.org
®
Accretion - sediment binding by prop roots
Top of
REM Device
mangrove.org
®
Soil Conservation / Land Building
mangrove.org
®
Cape Canaveral 1998
mangrove.org
®
Cape Canaveral- 2006
mangrove.org
®
Social impact of REM reforestation
Manzanar Project Eritrea
mangrove.org
®
700,000 trees - intertidal flats
providing livelihood and economic base
mangrove.org
®
Mangrove reforestation for
sustainable ranching and aquaculture
mangrove.org
®
Maharashtra Application
REM Coastal Reforestation Technology
mangrove.org
®
Advanced biofuel technologies
®
Biochemical Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass
mangrove.org
®
IH
2
Technology
mangrove.org
®
 Converts mangrove biomass directly into high quality,
drop in, gasoline an...
mangrove.org
®
REM Reforestation in Agroforestry
 Soil conservation, shoreline stabilization, erosion control
 Reduces p...
mangrove.org
®
A Novel Model for Mangrove Agroforestry to
Provide Livelihoods and Biofuel Feedstock
© 1996-2014 mangrove.o...
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Session 3.2 mangrove agroforestry for livelihoods and biofuel feedstock

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Transcript of "Session 3.2 mangrove agroforestry for livelihoods and biofuel feedstock"

  1. 1. mangrove.org ® A Novel Model for Mangrove Agroforestry to Provide Livelihoods and Biofuel Feedstock © 1996-2014 mangrove.org . All Rights Reserved Worldwide. Riley Encased Methodology
  2. 2. mangrove.org ® Mangrove Forests  Coastal hardwood forests  Littoral or intertidal zones of tropical and subtropical regions  Trees are halophytes that thrive in the saline conditions of  oceans, bays, estuaries and intracoatal waterways  Form diverse & highly productive ecosystems  Harvesting of mangroves: o Construction materials o Fuel stock o Derived products mangrove.org ®
  3. 3. mangrove.org ® Mangrove destruction and degradation a worldwide issue British Virgin islands
  4. 4. mangrove.org ® Clearing of mangroves for coastal development or agriculture use
  5. 5. mangrove.org ® Mangrove Reforestation Failure “How many times have you heard about a good idea applied wrongly which backfired and caused more harm than good? This is exactly the case with one of the world’s most intensive efforts to restore coastal mangrove forests.” mangrove.org ® University of the Philippines Quezon City
  6. 6. mangrove.org ® Conventional Reforestation mangrove.org ® “Through a cash-for-work project, villagers in Thailand, harvest and plant mangrove seedlings”
  7. 7. mangrove.org ® Law of Unintended Consequences mangrove.org ® Rhizophora propagules being conventionally planted within the pneumatophore root system of Avicennia Rhizophora propagule Avicennia Pneumatophores
  8. 8. mangrove.org ® Riley Encased Methodology (REM) Principles of Isolation & Adaptation
  9. 9. mangrove.org ® REM Encasement Device  Protects seedling from environmental factors  Maintains proper hydrology  Facilitates adaptation 2 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 mangrove.org ®
  10. 10. mangrove.org ®  Principles  Processes  Specifications  Technology  Devices  Tools  Procedures  Applications mangrove.org ® Riley Encased Methodology ® Ecological Engineering
  11. 11. mangrove.org ® Isolation & Adaptation time lapse
  12. 12. mangrove.org ® Adaptation process complete REM Device
  13. 13. mangrove.org ® Success Criteria - reproductive maturity
  14. 14. mangrove.org ® Water view Shore view Successful REM reforestation
  15. 15. mangrove.org ® Clearing mangroves from agricultural lands, severe erosion and direct economic loss Costa Rica
  16. 16. mangrove.org ® Armoring for shoreline stabilization
  17. 17. mangrove.org ® mangrove.org ® Water level Filter Material Armor Layer Bottom sediments Embankment Toe Top Rock Revetments
  18. 18. mangrove.org ® High-energy wave impact zone - Prevents natural regeneration - Conventional reforestation is ineffective
  19. 19. mangrove.org ® Mangrove Mitigation
  20. 20. mangrove.org ® Mangroves removed & revetment installed Belize, CA
  21. 21. mangrove.org ® Mangroves replaced by seawalls Meritt Island Florida REM Device Shoreline revegetation with Rhizophora mangle
  22. 22. mangrove.org ® Sustainable Development Restored mangroves
  23. 23. mangrove.org ® Biscayne Bay Florida 1997 Mangrove habitat destroyed in 1992 by Hurricane Andrew Cat 5 Storm
  24. 24. mangrove.org ® REM Encasement Devices installed
  25. 25. mangrove.org ® Wrack Line & Debris
  26. 26. mangrove.org ® Isolation protects developing seedlings
  27. 27. mangrove.org ® Adaptation process Pneumatophores and Aerial Roots Pneumatophore Aerial roots
  28. 28. mangrove.org ® Reforestation, shoreline stabilization, habitat restoration
  29. 29. mangrove.org ® Biscayne Bay, Florida -1997
  30. 30. mangrove.org ® Biscayne Bay, Florida – 2007 Ecological infrastructure
  31. 31. mangrove.org ® Eroding shoreline with exotic vegetation
  32. 32. mangrove.org ® Accretion - sediment binding by prop roots Top of REM Device
  33. 33. mangrove.org ® Soil Conservation / Land Building
  34. 34. mangrove.org ® Cape Canaveral 1998
  35. 35. mangrove.org ® Cape Canaveral- 2006
  36. 36. mangrove.org ® Social impact of REM reforestation Manzanar Project Eritrea
  37. 37. mangrove.org ® 700,000 trees - intertidal flats providing livelihood and economic base
  38. 38. mangrove.org ® Mangrove reforestation for sustainable ranching and aquaculture
  39. 39. mangrove.org ® Maharashtra Application REM Coastal Reforestation Technology
  40. 40. mangrove.org ® Advanced biofuel technologies ® Biochemical Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass
  41. 41. mangrove.org ® IH 2 Technology mangrove.org ®  Converts mangrove biomass directly into high quality, drop in, gasoline and diesel.  The process is able to produce gasoline and diesel at a market competitive price on a commercial scale.
  42. 42. mangrove.org ® REM Reforestation in Agroforestry  Soil conservation, shoreline stabilization, erosion control  Reduces pollutants reaching coastal waters  Creates ecological infrastructure, promotes biodiversity  Improves water quality, quality of the atmosphere, sequesters carbon  Supports commercial & recreational fisheries, protects coral reefs  Strengthens coastal resilience  Renewable natural resource for sustainable economic growth mangrove.org ®
  43. 43. mangrove.org ® A Novel Model for Mangrove Agroforestry to Provide Livelihoods and Biofuel Feedstock © 1996-2014 mangrove.org . All Rights Reserved Worldwide. Riley Encased Methodology
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