Session 1.4 improving productivity of common grazing resources

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  • 1. Improving productivity of common grazing resources in hot arid region of India through participatory pasture development A K Misra, R P Singh, Rajendra Kumar* and M M Roy Central Arid Zone Research Institute *Gramin Vikas Vigyan Samithi Jodhpur
  • 2. INTRODUCTION • Income from livestock: 22.5 % of the total HH income • In arid region the contribution of livestock is >50% • Large areas as common grazing resources are gradually diminishing because of other pressures on land • Fodder scarcity is becoming an increasing concern for households
  • 3. Farming systems in arid region : Scenario D o m i n a n t Range/PastureLivestock farming Agroforestry, Mixed farming Livestock farming Arable cropping (Crop diversification) Agroforestry Livestock farming F S Shrubs Grasses 250 Trees 350 Av. Ann. Rainfall Crop diversification 450
  • 4. Process adopted • Systemic and evidence-based analysis to define agreed and effective rules and procedures to use and manage CPRs • Formation of VDCs, people ’ s participation and management • Interventions were jointly planned and implemented by the villagers • Technical backstopping and improved seed of range grasses KVK, CAZRI
  • 5. Study site Villages Ketukallan B. Ratangargh Begaria Govindpura Pasture land (ha) CPR (ha) Pasture developed (ha) Large animals Small ruminants 250 20 37 184 991 16 375 13 192 10 843 17 325 1392 523 4213 412 1870 261 600
  • 6. Contribution of grazing in livestock feed Dry fodder 40% Grazing 31% Concentrate 3% Green fodder 26%
  • 7. FEED CALENDER Type Months J F M A M J J A S O N D Grazing on rangelands Crop residues in fields Tree leaves Tree pods Weeds and grasses Feed shortage -------------------- ---- ----------
  • 8. CPR and Livestock 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 CPR (ha) ACU (No)
  • 9. Interventions • Range grasses: Cenchrus ciliaris (C.C. 358) Cenchrus setigerus Lasiurus sindicus • Tree components (10 x 10m): Acacia senegal Acacia tortilis Azadirachta indica Prosopis cineraria.
  • 10. Biomass yield Biomass production ( t/ha) Control 3 2.5 2 t 1.5 / h 1 a 0.5 0 Ketu Kala BhaluRatangarh Begaria Govindpura Higher survival was observed in A. tortilis, followed by A. senegal and lowest in A. indica.
  • 11. Impact • Harvested biomass was stored as ‘ fodder bank ’ for weaker section of the society at reasonable price during stress period • Two quintal grass seed was provided to Jal Bhagirithi,
  • 12. Impact • The productivity of animals increased due to availability of quality fodder during dry months • Preference for rearing milking animals of better quality become evident against the prevailing practices of keeping large number of animals of less productivity.
  • 13. Conclusion • Sustainable development in arid areas can only be achieved through optimum utilization of its natural resources. • Tremendous scope of increasing livestock productivity by improving fodder resources from CPR • Favorable policy environment will have to be provided and socio-economic and technical constraints needs to be addressed.
  • 14. akmishra@cazri.res.in akmishra@cazri.res.in