Ecosystem diversity and sustinable farming have contributed to make Kodagu not only a green landscape but a evergreen landscape.
Ecosystem Diversity leading to rich species and genetic diversity and some of the natural treasures from Kodagu
Due to Economic drivers Coffee Based Agroforests are undergoing changes where farmers are going for intensification of cultivation which could impact this unique and diverse agroforestry system.
Session 1.1 cafnet
CAFNET Initiative – An effort to
sustain evergreen agroforests of
C.G.Kushalappa*, Raghuramulu. Y**Phillippe Vaast***
Fregus Sinclair*** and Claude Garcia****
*College of Forestry, UAHS,Shimoga, India
** Coffee Board of India, Bangalore , India
*** World Agroforestry Centre , Nairobi, Kenya
**** ETH, Zurich , Switzerland
Coffee and Conservation-Context of CANET
Coffee and Ecology - Biodiversity Hot Spots
Coffee Agroforests- Shade grown and tree integration
Coffee and Livelihoods – Small farmers
TREES FOR LIFE
Kodagu – A Green Landscape
One of the densely wooded district in India. 80%
Highest density of sacred forests in the world.
Largest shade coffee growing region in India 36%
Rich and endemic biodiversity
Landscape which contributes to range of ES
FROM GREEN TO EVERGREEN REVOLUTION.
GREEN LANDSCAPE–EVERGREEN DEVLOPMENT
Dynamics in Coffee Agro Forests
Private Forest > Cardamom> Coffee
Arabica>Shaded Robusta>Open Robusta
Native shade trees> Exotic trees
Loss of biodiversity
Impact on ecosystem services
Increase in human animal conflicts
Increase coffee yield and farm income
How to address these dynamics and continue
to produce economically and ecologically
sustainable farm products?
From Productivity to quality productivity.
From Regulation to Certification.
From Subsidies to Incentives.
From Agriculture to Agri- Business.
incentives for sustainable agroforestry
Highlights CAFNET Study
Documentation of Traditional Ecological Knowledge
Biodiversity inventory of coffee plantations.
Water dynamics and hydrological studies
Impact on production and quality
Sustaining the cultivation
TEK and Biodiversity
Six Knowledge Bases on
TEK of 249 farmers
Biodiversity of 114 estates
Trees enumerated 20030
240 tree species
Large and small mammals
Agroforests of high tree density
Tree density in coffee plantations and natural forest.
Cafnet final report 2011
Agroforests with high tree Diversity
Composition of trees in coffee estates
Cafnet Final report 2011
Bird friendly coffee
. Impact of Silver Oak on bird diversity
Elephants like coffee
Percentage of dung piles
Habitat and corridors
High conflict leading to
loss of life and crops
residing in plantations
Feeding on coffee
Total carbon sequestered in forest and CBAF
Phillipe et al, 2009
Economics of shade
Total cost of coffee
Net income from coffee
Income from intercrops
Net income from coffee
+ intercrops (Rs/acre)
Sustainable coffee Cultivation – Way for Future
1. Eco-certification-Elephant ,Civet and Bird friendly
2. Geographic Indications –
3. Forest Certification
5. Landscape Labeling
Eco-Certification -CANET Initiative
Ecom Gill , Ned commodities and Coffee Board
Eight farmer groups and 89 farmers certified
under project for RAF and UTZ
Additionally large corporate and 90 individual