Scherr, Scaling Up Carbon Trading In Land Use 3 09Presentation Transcript
Agriculture and Forestry: Their Potential to Mitigate Climate Change at a Global Scale Sara J. Scherr, Ecoagriculture Partners Land Use Carbon & Poverty Reduction: Challenges & Opportunities Washington, DC, March 13, 2009
Most terrestrial area is in agricultural, grazing or production forest landscapes
Emissions reduction and sequestration in working landscapes: Huge potential
PES for climate change can integrate production, ecosystem, livelihood goals Conservation Ecosystem process & function Wild biodiversity ECOSYSTEM SERVICES Locally beneficial services Globally & regionally beneficial services Sustainable Agriculture Livelihood support PAYMENT FOR ECOSYSTEM SERVICES
So why is the climate change community so skeptical?
They are uninformed
They are afraid A-F will distract from action on energy
They don’t trust A-F will be real (permanence, msrmt)
They don’t believe it is feasible to achieve A-F impacts at scale
Challenge 1: Can we mobilize A-F at a large enough scale to make a difference for the climate?
Perception of agriculture and forestry as lagging sectors with weak institutions
Climate action to date has focused on small projects, thus few models
Smallholders assumed to = small scale
Perception of low economies of scale due to site-specificity/diversity of solutions
Focus on achieving high impacts per hectare, rather than high total impacts
Political reluctance to set climate standards or regulations for agricultural sector
Challenge 2: Community planning -- Too hard? too costly? too risky?
Challenge 3: Will value chains generate sufficient incentives for producers?
Yes we can: Operate at scale
Large-scale government programs for restoring degraded lands and forests (e.g., India, China)
Large-scale development projects on sustainable land management (e.g., IFAD, Sahel)
National platforms for coordinating action on SLM (e.g., TerrAfrica)
Territorial management initiatives (e.g., in Andes, Mesoamerica)