Smallholder timber production in Australia – Lessons for much smaller African farms


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Smallholder timber production in Australia – Lessons for much smaller African farms

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Smallholder timber production in Australia – Lessons for much smaller African farms

  1. 4/5/2012The Australian Master TreeGrower Rowan Reid • Bach. Forest Science • Masters in Agroforestry • Senior Lecturer 20 years (University of Melbourne) • Farmer and Tree grower Rowan Reid The Australian Master TreeGrower 2 Cleared by farmers for farming .. and most Australians benefited… Private farmland 1
  2. 4/5/2012BUT - we went a little too far ….. Too far for soil and water quality ….Too far for biodiversity ……….. Too far for stock shade and shelter ….. 2
  3. 4/5/2012 Loss of PrideToo far for comfort! Handing this on to the next generation Facing the future with this! We all know trees can help But farmers seem reluctant Making trees ‘attractive’ to farmers Bambra Agroforestry Farm in 1988 1987 Bambra Agroforestry Farm as it was in 1987 3
  4. 4/5/2012 Rowan building the house in1990 Unique and personal solution Plant to solve the problems Manage to create opportunities ($)1987 1987 1993 6 yrs 16 yrs 4
  5. 4/5/2012 Black Walnut, Poplar and Chestnut in 1988. NoteBambra Agroforestry Farm in 2004 electric fencing ringsBlack Walnut, Poplar and Chestnut in 19206. Pinus radiata in 1989. 5
  6. 4/5/2012 Pinus radiata in about 2010. Tree Management Australian Red Cedar (left) and Californian Coastal RedwoodBA:DBH Ratio as a thinning guide Pruning and thinning for multiple values See: (go to publications) 6
  7. 4/5/2012Variable lift pruning (caliper) Thousands of visitors since 1988 Harvest to enhance not degrade But can it work? 1987 15 – 20 years 6 yrs 16 yrs 7
  8. 4/5/2012 Bandsaw milling Eucalypts (age 22 years) Chainsaw milling Grevillea Landcare wood! Shiitake – the product (left Oak, right Eucalypt)Table made from timber harvested from this creek – planted 1988, harvested 2004 Eucalyptus nitens 8
  9. 4/5/2012 Agroforestry is about Appropriate design & Elegant solutions Role of Research Silvopastoral systems: - Pines and Grazing Every farm (farmer) is different Role of ResearchScience shouldinform farmerdecision making– not replace it p 9
  10. 4/5/2012 Agroforestry Research How does all this relate to Africa? 1. What s What’s the problem/issue 2. Underlying Processes 3. Role of trees 4. Market Specifications 5. Species, management, etc 6. 6 Multipurpose opportunities M lti t iti 7. Economics & Risk (?) 8. Landscape & Community changeWhy do African farmers want trees? Why Australian farmers plant trees? • Shelter/Fodder (Stock/Crops) 75% • Land Protection 50% • Nature Conservation 30% • Aesthetics 10% • Farm timber (fuel posts) (fuel,posts) 3% • Commercial timber 1% ABARE ’97, ’00 AFFA ’00 and many others 10
  11. 4/5/2012 Multipurpose Grevillea/Coffee/Maize Multipurpose Design Design Albizia gummifera/Coffee Bonus Risk Now Pride Farmer GroupsFacilitating farmer participation What we do • charge membership • provide education/skills • undertake site visits • provide peer mentors • facilitate market links • build information networks • lobby government/industry • seek funds to pay for it all SEE: 11
  12. 4/5/2012 We talk about trees African farmers also talkand our landscapes and communities 1994 African farmer groups do the same • charge membership • provide education/skills But t B t trees take t k • undertake site visits time to deliver • provide peer mentors rewards • facilitate market links • build information networks • lobby government/industry • seek funds to pay for it all 1999 12
  13. 4/5/2012Trees take time to deliver rewards Time does not weary a forest worth owning Time does not weary The Australian Master TreeGrower a forest worth owning 13
  14. 4/5/2012 The Australian Master TreeGrower Like teaching someone to paint 95 Courses >2000 Participants SEE: Part One (1 day) Talk about the problems & Mastering trees on farms opportunities• Farmer interests• Stakeholderinterests•PPersonal lmultipurposelandscapes 14
  15. 4/5/2012 Part Two (3 days): Trees for Markets conservation & profit Products and Services Market Specifications The Master TreeGrower TapeHarvesting, Trading and Prices 15
  16. 4/5/2012 Master TreeGrower Tape Management: the secrets of silvicultureManagement: the secrets of silviculture Part Three (3 days) Fitting veg. into farming landscapes 16
  17. 4/5/2012 Economics: Balancing short and long term rewards and risk On farmdiscussions about possibilities &opportunities 17
  18. 4/5/2012 Part four (1 day) Building long term networks Impact on their own landImpact on what other farmers do Farmer to farmer communication • Interpretation • Validation • Adaptation • Evaluation 18
  19. 4/5/2012 Facilitating Farmer to farmer Peer Group Mentor Program communication “Intellectual Infrastructure”Train Peer Group Mentors What Peer Group Mentors do 19
  20. 4/5/2012What Peer Group Mentors do What Peer Group Mentors do Not “Top Down” extension More of a “participatory approach” CMA. Gov t Agencies. CMA Gov’t Agencies Researchers. Groups. Researchers Industry Groups Agency Mentors staff/research “Experts” Farmers/landholders Landholders 20
  21. 4/5/2012We become ‘Super mentors’ Impact on the rural landscape Landholder Issues Mentors and Extension Agents Researchers/Agency/Industry Trees don’t change landscapes – People do Thank You ? 21