Plot and Spatial Scale  Data Available for the Brazilian Amazon WORKSHOP 1 Carbon Benefits Project Nairobi, May 2009
Plot and Spatial Scale  Data Available for the  Brazilian Amazon WORKSHOP 1 Carbon Benefits Project Nairobi, May 2009
Amazon: brief characterization <ul><li>6% of the Earth’s  </li></ul><ul><li>land surface  </li></ul><ul><li>~ 50% world's ...
Amazon: brief characterization 70% within Brazil Brazilian Amazon 5 million km 2
Brazilian Amazon   5,000,000 km 2 Amazon: brief characterization
Deforested Area 650,000  km 2 Amazon: brief characterization
Pasture Area 250,000 km 2  Amazon: brief characterization
Most common land uses AGRICULTURE Sugarcane Reforestation with native sp. and exotic sp. Fallow Milet Corn Cotton Sorgun S...
Research themes I. Agriculture expansion in Southwestern Amazon: 1. GHG emissions 2. Soil consequences  II. Nova Vida Ranc...
Research themes I. Agriculture expansion in Southwestern Amazon : 1. GHG emissions 2. Soil consequences  II. Nova Vida Ranch
I. The agriculture expansion 45%
Forest Dense Cerrado Cerrado Savanna Slash Burn Pasture  Agriculture Management Main culture Soybean  Rice Cotton  Maize S...
Research themes I. Agriculture expansion in Southwestern Amazon : 1. GHG emissions 2. Soil consequences  II. Nova Vida Ranch
 
IPCC 2006
I. The agriculture expansion Study area stratification Ecoregions
Agricultura convencional Pastagem Agricultura conservacionista Reference C TEMPO Seq. C Consist a georeferenced soil profi...
1005 SOIL PROFILES 3277 SOIL PROFILES 919 SOIL PROFILES •  Chemical attributes (macro e micronutrients, pH) •  Physical at...
Georeferenced Database
1005 SOIL PROFILES 3277 SOIL PROFILES 919 SOIL PROFILES GIS  Georeferenced Database RADAM  ZSEE-RO ZSEE-MT Georeferenced D...
GIS Integration Scale Maps 1:250.000
GIS Integration Scale Maps 1:250.000
SOC stocks under native vegetation (“reference C”) 0-30cm GIS Integration Scale Maps 1:250.000
SOC stocks under native vegetation (“reference C”) 0-100cm GIS Integration
Agricultura convencional Pastagem Agricultura conservacionista Reference C TEMPO Seq. C C stocks  dynamics I. The agricult...
Agricultura convencional (Tillage) Pasture Agricultura conservacionista (No tillage) Reference C TIME C seq. C stocks dyna...
How to do: Reference C Land Use data Emission Factors Uncertainty analysis soil C stocks inventory for 1970, 1985, 1995 e ...
How to do: Reference C Land Use data Emission Factors Uncertainty analysis soil C stocks inventory for 1970, 1985, 1995 e ...
Amazon AC AM TO RO AP RR PA MA MT CENSUS:  Boletins Digital <ul><li>Scale: cities </li></ul><ul><li>Years: 19 40,  50, 60,...
CENSUS: Agricultural production Importante: crop expansions in the Brazilian Amazon BRAZILIAN AMAZON Period: 1990-2008 Cou...
How to do: Reference C Land Use data Emission Factors Uncertainty analysis soil C stocks inventory for 1970, 1985, 1995 e ...
Group land use data by Ecoregions Estimating the Soil Carbon Stocks Changes
Vila Rica Guarantã do Norte São José do Xingu Rib. Cascalheira Água Boa Novo São Joaquim Itiquira Cáceres Porto Esperidião...
Vila Rica Guarantã do Norte São José do Xingu Rib. Cascalheira Água Boa Novo São Joaquim Itiquira Cáceres Porto Esperidião...
Soil sampling About 2000 soil samples
Most common land uses AGRICULTURE Sugarcane Reforestation with native sp. and exotic sp. Fallow Milet Corn Cotton Sorgun S...
<ul><li>Emission factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grassland and Cropland emission factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- 50 pai...
Emission Factors
Emission Factors
Research themes I. Agriculture expansion in Southwestern Amazon: 1. GHG emissions 2. Soil consequences  II. Nova Vida Ranc...
Soil aggregation I. The agriculture expansion
Soil aggregation Under native vegetation Cultivated area I. The agriculture expansion
Soil diversity: live organisms Agriculture Pasture Natural vegetation Macrofauna ? I. The agriculture expansion
Soil diversity Microbial biomass I. Expansão da agricultura Actinomicetos Protozoários Bactérias Fungos
C stocks on phytomass I. The agriculture expansion
Phytomass spatial distribution (Mg ha -1 ) The Project
The Project
 
 
The Project
Cerrado  (“savanna”) Forest
The Project
Deforested area The Project
Forest Dense Cerrado Cerrado Savanna Slash Burn Pasture  Agriculture Management Main culture Soybean  Rice Cotton  Maize S...
Research themes I. Agriculture expansion in Southwestern Amazon: 1. GHG emissions 2. Soil consequences  II. Nova Vida Ranc...
Amazon pasture forest Nova Vida Ranch Rondônia State
Plot scale data   (10 chronosequences)
Faz. Nova Vida State: Rondônia Lat.  10º 30' Long.  62º 30' Grass: B. briz, P. max Temp: 24.4  o C  Precip: 2270 mm Soil t...
10 km 22,000 ha
Chronosequence I
Modelling soil data of the  Nova Vida Chronosequence Pasture created in 1989 Pasture created in 1987 Pasture created in 19...
Faz. Nova Vida Forest   Pasture establishment in  1911, 1951, 1972, 1979, 1983, 1987, 1989
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Plot and Spatial Scale Data Available for the Brazilian Amazon

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Plot and Spatial Scale Data Available for the Brazilian Amazon

  1. 1. Plot and Spatial Scale Data Available for the Brazilian Amazon WORKSHOP 1 Carbon Benefits Project Nairobi, May 2009
  2. 2. Plot and Spatial Scale Data Available for the Brazilian Amazon WORKSHOP 1 Carbon Benefits Project Nairobi, May 2009
  3. 3. Amazon: brief characterization <ul><li>6% of the Earth’s </li></ul><ul><li>land surface </li></ul><ul><li>~ 50% world's undisturbed </li></ul><ul><li>tropical evergreen forest </li></ul>Amazon Region <ul><li>9 countries </li></ul><ul><li>7 million km 2 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Amazon: brief characterization 70% within Brazil Brazilian Amazon 5 million km 2
  5. 5. Brazilian Amazon 5,000,000 km 2 Amazon: brief characterization
  6. 6. Deforested Area 650,000 km 2 Amazon: brief characterization
  7. 7. Pasture Area 250,000 km 2 Amazon: brief characterization
  8. 8. Most common land uses AGRICULTURE Sugarcane Reforestation with native sp. and exotic sp. Fallow Milet Corn Cotton Sorgun Soybean Rice Sunflower Agriculture/ livestock Economical impraticableness Others FOREST CERRADO Cerradão Cerrado Cerradinho Campo sujo Campo limpo Restoration P A S T U R E NATURAL SYSTEMS Rice Soybean Cotton Corn S U C C E S S I O N PASTURE I. The agriculture expansion
  9. 9. Research themes I. Agriculture expansion in Southwestern Amazon: 1. GHG emissions 2. Soil consequences II. Nova Vida Ranch (plot scale)
  10. 10. Research themes I. Agriculture expansion in Southwestern Amazon : 1. GHG emissions 2. Soil consequences II. Nova Vida Ranch
  11. 11. I. The agriculture expansion 45%
  12. 12. Forest Dense Cerrado Cerrado Savanna Slash Burn Pasture Agriculture Management Main culture Soybean Rice Cotton Maize Succession Fallow Millet Sorgum Pasture/crop Social and economic con sequences Conventional Conservative CO equivalent 2 Modelling Geographic Information System Remote sensing Population Income distribution Eduaction Health Sanitation N 2 O CO 2 CH 4 In soil: Organic matter dynamic C and N stocks Functional diversity Structure Agregation  13 C
  13. 13. Research themes I. Agriculture expansion in Southwestern Amazon : 1. GHG emissions 2. Soil consequences II. Nova Vida Ranch
  14. 15. IPCC 2006
  15. 16. I. The agriculture expansion Study area stratification Ecoregions
  16. 17. Agricultura convencional Pastagem Agricultura conservacionista Reference C TEMPO Seq. C Consist a georeferenced soil profile data base • Radam Brasil • Zoneamentos Sócio Econômico Ecológico dos Estados de Mato Grosso e Rondônia Soil Reference Carbon
  17. 18. 1005 SOIL PROFILES 3277 SOIL PROFILES 919 SOIL PROFILES • Chemical attributes (macro e micronutrients, pH) • Physical attributes (porosity, texture) • Morphological attributes (horizons, clay type) Georeferenced Database RADAM ZSEE-RO ZSEE-MT Georeferenced Database 5201 PROFILES
  18. 19. Georeferenced Database
  19. 20. 1005 SOIL PROFILES 3277 SOIL PROFILES 919 SOIL PROFILES GIS Georeferenced Database RADAM ZSEE-RO ZSEE-MT Georeferenced Database 5201 PROFILES
  20. 21. GIS Integration Scale Maps 1:250.000
  21. 22. GIS Integration Scale Maps 1:250.000
  22. 23. SOC stocks under native vegetation (“reference C”) 0-30cm GIS Integration Scale Maps 1:250.000
  23. 24. SOC stocks under native vegetation (“reference C”) 0-100cm GIS Integration
  24. 25. Agricultura convencional Pastagem Agricultura conservacionista Reference C TEMPO Seq. C C stocks dynamics I. The agriculture expansion
  25. 26. Agricultura convencional (Tillage) Pasture Agricultura conservacionista (No tillage) Reference C TIME C seq. C stocks dynamics I. The agriculture expansion
  26. 27. How to do: Reference C Land Use data Emission Factors Uncertainty analysis soil C stocks inventory for 1970, 1985, 1995 e 2005 Estimating the Soil Carbon Stocks Changes
  27. 28. How to do: Reference C Land Use data Emission Factors Uncertainty analysis soil C stocks inventory for 1970, 1985, 1995 e 2005 Estimating the Soil Carbon Stocks Changes
  28. 29. Amazon AC AM TO RO AP RR PA MA MT CENSUS: Boletins Digital <ul><li>Scale: cities </li></ul><ul><li>Years: 19 40, 50, 60, 70, 75, 80, 85, 95 </li></ul><ul><li>Total: 170 boletins </li></ul><ul><li>Areas (ha): </li></ul><ul><li>- Pasture </li></ul><ul><li>- Crops </li></ul><ul><li>- Native veg. </li></ul>Land Use data Estimating the Soil Carbon Stocks Changes
  29. 30. CENSUS: Agricultural production Importante: crop expansions in the Brazilian Amazon BRAZILIAN AMAZON Period: 1990-2008 Counties: ~ 970 Crops: 62 Planted area (ha) 722,000
  30. 31. How to do: Reference C Land Use data Emission Factors Uncertainty analysis soil C stocks inventory for 1970, 1985, 1995 e 2005 Estimating the Soil Carbon Stocks Changes
  31. 32. Group land use data by Ecoregions Estimating the Soil Carbon Stocks Changes
  32. 33. Vila Rica Guarantã do Norte São José do Xingu Rib. Cascalheira Água Boa Novo São Joaquim Itiquira Cáceres Porto Esperidião Várzea Grande Pontes e Lacerda Sapezal Barão de Melgaço Conquista do Oeste Pimenteiras do Oeste Sta. Luzia do Oeste Ariquemes Rio Crespo Sorriso Itaúba Nova Monte Verde Theobroma Soil carbon emission factors Estimating the Soil Carbon Stocks Changes
  33. 34. Vila Rica Guarantã do Norte São José do Xingu Rib. Cascalheira Água Boa Novo São Joaquim Itiquira Cáceres Porto Esperidião Várzea Grande Pontes e Lacerda Sapezal Barão de Melgaço Conquista do Oeste Pimenteiras do Oeste Sta. Luzia do Oeste Ariquemes Rio Crespo Sorriso Itaúba Nova Monte Verde Theobroma Soil carbon emission factors Estimating the Soil Carbon Stocks Changes
  34. 35. Soil sampling About 2000 soil samples
  35. 36. Most common land uses AGRICULTURE Sugarcane Reforestation with native sp. and exotic sp. Fallow Milet Corn Cotton Sorgun Soybean Rice Sunflower Agriculture/ livestock Economical impraticableness Others FOREST CERRADO Cerradão Cerrado Cerradinho Campo sujo Campo limpo Restoration P A S T U R E NATURAL SYSTEMS Rice Soybean Cotton Corn S U C C E S S I O N PASTURE I. The agriculture expansion
  36. 37. <ul><li>Emission factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grassland and Cropland emission factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- 50 paired comparisons studies about cropland effect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- 63 paired comparisons studies about grassland effect </li></ul></ul>Scale Map 1:250.000 Available data Native vegetation Cropland Grassland
  37. 38. Emission Factors
  38. 39. Emission Factors
  39. 40. Research themes I. Agriculture expansion in Southwestern Amazon: 1. GHG emissions 2. Soil consequences II. Nova Vida Ranch (plot scale)
  40. 41. Soil aggregation I. The agriculture expansion
  41. 42. Soil aggregation Under native vegetation Cultivated area I. The agriculture expansion
  42. 43. Soil diversity: live organisms Agriculture Pasture Natural vegetation Macrofauna ? I. The agriculture expansion
  43. 44. Soil diversity Microbial biomass I. Expansão da agricultura Actinomicetos Protozoários Bactérias Fungos
  44. 45. C stocks on phytomass I. The agriculture expansion
  45. 46. Phytomass spatial distribution (Mg ha -1 ) The Project
  46. 47. The Project
  47. 50. The Project
  48. 51. Cerrado (“savanna”) Forest
  49. 52. The Project
  50. 53. Deforested area The Project
  51. 54. Forest Dense Cerrado Cerrado Savanna Slash Burn Pasture Agriculture Management Main culture Soybean Rice Cotton Maize Succession Fallow Millet Sorgum Pasture/crop Social and economic con sequences Conventional Conservative CO equivalent 2 Modelling Geographic Information System Remote sensing Population Income distribution Eduaction Health Sanitation N 2 O CO 2 CH 4 In soil: Organic matter dynamic C and N stocks Functional diversity Structure Agregation  13 C
  52. 55. Research themes I. Agriculture expansion in Southwestern Amazon: 1. GHG emissions 2. Soil consequences II. Nova Vida Ranch (plot scale)
  53. 56. Amazon pasture forest Nova Vida Ranch Rondônia State
  54. 57. Plot scale data (10 chronosequences)
  55. 58. Faz. Nova Vida State: Rondônia Lat. 10º 30' Long. 62º 30' Grass: B. briz, P. max Temp: 24.4 o C Precip: 2270 mm Soil texture: Medium Soil type: Red Yellow Podzolic Latosol Chronosequence: Forest Pastures: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 19, 20, 21, 27, 41, 42, 81, 82, 88 years old
  56. 59. 10 km 22,000 ha
  57. 60. Chronosequence I
  58. 61. Modelling soil data of the Nova Vida Chronosequence Pasture created in 1989 Pasture created in 1987 Pasture created in 1983 Pasture created in 1979 Pasture created in 1972 Pasture created in 1951 Pasture created in 1911 Forest
  59. 62. Faz. Nova Vida Forest Pasture establishment in 1911, 1951, 1972, 1979, 1983, 1987, 1989

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