Grassroots participation in land regenerationthrough the Landcare approach          Joseph Tanui, Mieke Bourne & Joan Cher...
Defining Landcare – Landcare International   As a MOVEMENT ... Landcare is a movement of    autonomous farmer-led organiz...
Sri LankaNigeria                             South                            Pacific                Indonesia
Examples of Landcare programs
Landcare Australia   Landcare is an amazing grass roots movement    that harnesses individuals and groups under the    et...
Landcare Principles South Africa   Integrated Sustainable Natural Resource Management    addressing natural resource decl...
Institutional Challenges for African FarmingBreak-down  in traditional & modern systems of naturalresource governanceCur...
Uncontrolled communal grazing
Addressing Institutional Challenges   Ensuring participation, ownership and demand-driven    development   Linking bioph...
Methodology      Multi-Level Action Research & Learning Program Level:                                   Analysis &       ...
Entry point based interventions
Innovation platforms Kapchorwa Landcare Chapter : District level innovation Platform Formation of a village representativ...
Negotiating supportIssues:                                    Opportunities:- Boundary demarcation                     - C...
Local byelaw reformsEmerging Outcomes      Development of bylaws and       documentation of a participatory bylaw       m...
Evaluation results
Evaluation Results
Evaluation Results
   THANKS             Thank you
Joseph Tanui: Grassroots participation in land regeneration through the Landcare approach #BeatingFamine
Joseph Tanui: Grassroots participation in land regeneration through the Landcare approach #BeatingFamine
Joseph Tanui: Grassroots participation in land regeneration through the Landcare approach #BeatingFamine
Joseph Tanui: Grassroots participation in land regeneration through the Landcare approach #BeatingFamine
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Joseph Tanui: Grassroots participation in land regeneration through the Landcare approach #BeatingFamine

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Joseph Tanui: Grassroots participation in land regeneration through the Landcare approach #BeatingFamine

  1. 1. Grassroots participation in land regenerationthrough the Landcare approach Joseph Tanui, Mieke Bourne & Joan Cheronoh World Agroforestry Centre
  2. 2. Defining Landcare – Landcare International As a MOVEMENT ... Landcare is a movement of autonomous farmer-led organizations. As an APPROACH ... Landcare is an extension approach/ method that rapidly and inexpensively disseminates agroforestry practices. As a BODY OF KNOWLEDGE ... Landcare is a set of appropriate land management practices. As an ETHIC, a PHILOSOPHY ... Landcare is an ethic, a philosophy that enables individuals and communities to approach agriculture in a nurturing way.
  3. 3. Sri LankaNigeria South Pacific Indonesia
  4. 4. Examples of Landcare programs
  5. 5. Landcare Australia Landcare is an amazing grass roots movement that harnesses individuals and groups under the ethic of caring for the land. Landcare is a voluntary community movement of about 4500 groups across Australia National Landcare program initiated in 1989. About 40% of Australian farmers are involved in Landcare Landcare in Australia initiated as a community response to large scale land degradation.
  6. 6. Landcare Principles South Africa Integrated Sustainable Natural Resource Management addressing natural resource decline Community based and led natural resource management within a participatory framework The development of sustainable livelihoods for individuals, groups and communities utilizing empowerment strategies Government, community and individual capacity building through targeted training, education, and support mechanisms The development of active and true partnerships between governments, Landcare groups and communities, NGOs, and industry The blending together of appropriate upper level policy processes with bottom up feedback mechanisms
  7. 7. Institutional Challenges for African FarmingBreak-down in traditional & modern systems of naturalresource governanceCurrent approaches to extension are reductionist focusing ontechnical and component specific solutions, leaving many issuesunaddressedBarriers to income generation and investments of ruralcommunities are poorly addresses by current developmentstrategiesFew mechanisms for cooperation among communities anddistrict institutions (local government, developmentorganizations, etc.) on land managementPotential of District as nexus for development & innovation isvery under-exploited
  8. 8. Uncontrolled communal grazing
  9. 9. Addressing Institutional Challenges Ensuring participation, ownership and demand-driven development Linking biophysical, governance and socio-economic factors in formulating solutions (need for multi-institutional strategies) Seeking sustainability through processes that link livelihoods and conservation (understanding & managing trade-offs) Enhancing the role of local government in legitimizing district level processes Need for historical perspective and strategy to build on past experiences
  10. 10. Methodology Multi-Level Action Research & Learning Program Level: Analysis & Synthesis IPGs of Cases (Best Practice) Program-Level Planning of ResearchCommunity Level: & Facilitation Processes Re- Problem Planning PM&E Diagnosis /Appreciative Planning Implementation Implementation Inquiry
  11. 11. Entry point based interventions
  12. 12. Innovation platforms Kapchorwa Landcare Chapter : District level innovation Platform Formation of a village representative committee drawn from Landcare members in 50 households per village, initially in 4 villages Committee representative, and village head elected to the parish level Parish level committee members constitute the community’s representation to the district Landcare chapter, with inclusion from NGOs, CBOs. Members also include, Local government, Action Aid, Alliance of civil society organization, Sebeny Elders Association, Community based organizations ( TUFA, CIFA, Tuikat Watershed)
  13. 13. Negotiating supportIssues: Opportunities:- Boundary demarcation - Co-management law reinforcing community- Access & use to park resources claims- Local UWA-community conflict - Opportunities for increased forest protection- Illegal logging with blame placed through greater local involvement (re-definition on clearing for agriculture of “custodians”)- Physical & sexual abuse - Collective action a pre-condition for eliminating scapegoats used by guards - Common interests by communities & national UWA Figure 3: Community discussing protected area boundary
  14. 14. Local byelaw reformsEmerging Outcomes  Development of bylaws and documentation of a participatory bylaw making process  Local government involvement in legitimizing the process and supporting its implementation  Adoption of soil and water conservation technologies and practices in the area  Initiatives to scale out the documented process in neighbouring communities Figure 2 : A sustainable environment
  15. 15. Evaluation results
  16. 16. Evaluation Results
  17. 17. Evaluation Results
  18. 18.  THANKS Thank you
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