Grassroots participation in land regenerationthrough the Landcare approach Joseph Tanui, Mieke Bourne & Joan Cheronoh World Agroforestry Centre
Defining Landcare – Landcare International As a MOVEMENT ... Landcare is a movement of autonomous farmer-led organizations. As an APPROACH ... Landcare is an extension approach/ method that rapidly and inexpensively disseminates agroforestry practices. As a BODY OF KNOWLEDGE ... Landcare is a set of appropriate land management practices. As an ETHIC, a PHILOSOPHY ... Landcare is an ethic, a philosophy that enables individuals and communities to approach agriculture in a nurturing way.
Landcare Australia Landcare is an amazing grass roots movement that harnesses individuals and groups under the ethic of caring for the land. Landcare is a voluntary community movement of about 4500 groups across Australia National Landcare program initiated in 1989. About 40% of Australian farmers are involved in Landcare Landcare in Australia initiated as a community response to large scale land degradation.
Landcare Principles South Africa Integrated Sustainable Natural Resource Management addressing natural resource decline Community based and led natural resource management within a participatory framework The development of sustainable livelihoods for individuals, groups and communities utilizing empowerment strategies Government, community and individual capacity building through targeted training, education, and support mechanisms The development of active and true partnerships between governments, Landcare groups and communities, NGOs, and industry The blending together of appropriate upper level policy processes with bottom up feedback mechanisms
Institutional Challenges for African FarmingBreak-down in traditional & modern systems of naturalresource governanceCurrent approaches to extension are reductionist focusing ontechnical and component specific solutions, leaving many issuesunaddressedBarriers to income generation and investments of ruralcommunities are poorly addresses by current developmentstrategiesFew mechanisms for cooperation among communities anddistrict institutions (local government, developmentorganizations, etc.) on land managementPotential of District as nexus for development & innovation isvery under-exploited
Addressing Institutional Challenges Ensuring participation, ownership and demand-driven development Linking biophysical, governance and socio-economic factors in formulating solutions (need for multi-institutional strategies) Seeking sustainability through processes that link livelihoods and conservation (understanding & managing trade-offs) Enhancing the role of local government in legitimizing district level processes Need for historical perspective and strategy to build on past experiences
Methodology Multi-Level Action Research & Learning Program Level: Analysis & Synthesis IPGs of Cases (Best Practice) Program-Level Planning of ResearchCommunity Level: & Facilitation Processes Re- Problem Planning PM&E Diagnosis /Appreciative Planning Implementation Implementation Inquiry
Innovation platforms Kapchorwa Landcare Chapter : District level innovation Platform Formation of a village representative committee drawn from Landcare members in 50 households per village, initially in 4 villages Committee representative, and village head elected to the parish level Parish level committee members constitute the community’s representation to the district Landcare chapter, with inclusion from NGOs, CBOs. Members also include, Local government, Action Aid, Alliance of civil society organization, Sebeny Elders Association, Community based organizations ( TUFA, CIFA, Tuikat Watershed)
Negotiating supportIssues: Opportunities:- Boundary demarcation - Co-management law reinforcing community- Access & use to park resources claims- Local UWA-community conflict - Opportunities for increased forest protection- Illegal logging with blame placed through greater local involvement (re-definition on clearing for agriculture of “custodians”)- Physical & sexual abuse - Collective action a pre-condition for eliminating scapegoats used by guards - Common interests by communities & national UWA Figure 3: Community discussing protected area boundary
Local byelaw reformsEmerging Outcomes Development of bylaws and documentation of a participatory bylaw making process Local government involvement in legitimizing the process and supporting its implementation Adoption of soil and water conservation technologies and practices in the area Initiatives to scale out the documented process in neighbouring communities Figure 2 : A sustainable environment