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Joseph Tanui: Grassroots participation in land regeneration through the Landcare approach #BeatingFamine
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Joseph Tanui: Grassroots participation in land regeneration through the Landcare approach #BeatingFamine


Grassroots participation in land regeneration through the Landcare approach

Grassroots participation in land regeneration through the Landcare approach

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  • 1. Grassroots participation in land regenerationthrough the Landcare approach Joseph Tanui, Mieke Bourne & Joan Cheronoh World Agroforestry Centre
  • 2. Defining Landcare – Landcare International As a MOVEMENT ... Landcare is a movement of autonomous farmer-led organizations. As an APPROACH ... Landcare is an extension approach/ method that rapidly and inexpensively disseminates agroforestry practices. As a BODY OF KNOWLEDGE ... Landcare is a set of appropriate land management practices. As an ETHIC, a PHILOSOPHY ... Landcare is an ethic, a philosophy that enables individuals and communities to approach agriculture in a nurturing way.
  • 3. Sri LankaNigeria South Pacific Indonesia
  • 4. Examples of Landcare programs
  • 5. Landcare Australia Landcare is an amazing grass roots movement that harnesses individuals and groups under the ethic of caring for the land. Landcare is a voluntary community movement of about 4500 groups across Australia National Landcare program initiated in 1989. About 40% of Australian farmers are involved in Landcare Landcare in Australia initiated as a community response to large scale land degradation.
  • 6. Landcare Principles South Africa Integrated Sustainable Natural Resource Management addressing natural resource decline Community based and led natural resource management within a participatory framework The development of sustainable livelihoods for individuals, groups and communities utilizing empowerment strategies Government, community and individual capacity building through targeted training, education, and support mechanisms The development of active and true partnerships between governments, Landcare groups and communities, NGOs, and industry The blending together of appropriate upper level policy processes with bottom up feedback mechanisms
  • 7. Institutional Challenges for African FarmingBreak-down in traditional & modern systems of naturalresource governanceCurrent approaches to extension are reductionist focusing ontechnical and component specific solutions, leaving many issuesunaddressedBarriers to income generation and investments of ruralcommunities are poorly addresses by current developmentstrategiesFew mechanisms for cooperation among communities anddistrict institutions (local government, developmentorganizations, etc.) on land managementPotential of District as nexus for development & innovation isvery under-exploited
  • 8. Uncontrolled communal grazing
  • 9. Addressing Institutional Challenges Ensuring participation, ownership and demand-driven development Linking biophysical, governance and socio-economic factors in formulating solutions (need for multi-institutional strategies) Seeking sustainability through processes that link livelihoods and conservation (understanding & managing trade-offs) Enhancing the role of local government in legitimizing district level processes Need for historical perspective and strategy to build on past experiences
  • 10. Methodology Multi-Level Action Research & Learning Program Level: Analysis & Synthesis IPGs of Cases (Best Practice) Program-Level Planning of ResearchCommunity Level: & Facilitation Processes Re- Problem Planning PM&E Diagnosis /Appreciative Planning Implementation Implementation Inquiry
  • 11. Entry point based interventions
  • 12. Innovation platforms Kapchorwa Landcare Chapter : District level innovation Platform Formation of a village representative committee drawn from Landcare members in 50 households per village, initially in 4 villages Committee representative, and village head elected to the parish level Parish level committee members constitute the community’s representation to the district Landcare chapter, with inclusion from NGOs, CBOs. Members also include, Local government, Action Aid, Alliance of civil society organization, Sebeny Elders Association, Community based organizations ( TUFA, CIFA, Tuikat Watershed)
  • 13. Negotiating supportIssues: Opportunities:- Boundary demarcation - Co-management law reinforcing community- Access & use to park resources claims- Local UWA-community conflict - Opportunities for increased forest protection- Illegal logging with blame placed through greater local involvement (re-definition on clearing for agriculture of “custodians”)- Physical & sexual abuse - Collective action a pre-condition for eliminating scapegoats used by guards - Common interests by communities & national UWA Figure 3: Community discussing protected area boundary
  • 14. Local byelaw reformsEmerging Outcomes  Development of bylaws and documentation of a participatory bylaw making process  Local government involvement in legitimizing the process and supporting its implementation  Adoption of soil and water conservation technologies and practices in the area  Initiatives to scale out the documented process in neighbouring communities Figure 2 : A sustainable environment
  • 15. Evaluation results
  • 16. Evaluation Results
  • 17. Evaluation Results
  • 18.  THANKS Thank you