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Dr. Daniel Nyamai: The Government of Kenya's Green economy strategy #BeatingFamine
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Dr. Daniel Nyamai: The Government of Kenya's Green economy strategy #BeatingFamine

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Investing in green economy for sustainable food security and environmental resilience in a changing climate

Investing in green economy for sustainable food security and environmental resilience in a changing climate

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  • 1. ByD. Nyamai1, B.E.N. Chikamai1 and Janet Oyuke2 1 Kenya Forestry Research Institute (KEFRI) 2 Ministry of Agriculture (MoA)
  • 2. Key words 10% tree cover Environmental resilience Income Food security Agriculture sector-wide ministries & stakeholders
  • 3. Introduction• Kenya’s land mass is 587,000 km2 with a population of around 40million people which is growing at a relatively high rate of 2.7%.• Agriculture is the main source of livelihood for majority of thepopulation.• Agricultural potential of the land however varies and only 17% of theland is of high potential for rain fed farming• Irrigation is practiced in about 100,000 hectares and the rest of the lowpotential land is under dry land farming and pastoralism.• The country is facing severe environmental problems. Greatest ofthese problems is land and forest degradation mainly from removal ofvegetation, unsustainable land management practices and overstocking•Growth in agricultural production has over the last few decades beenbased on extensification rather than intensification, which has pushedthe agricultural frontier to the extent that forest cover is barely 5.9% ofthe land
  • 4. Area of Forest types in Kenya Name of variable Area (‘000Ha) 1990 2000 2005 2010 Indigenous closed Canopy 1 240 1 190 1 165 1140 Indigenous Mangroves 80 80 80 80 Open woodlands 2 150 2 100 2 075 2050 Public Plantation Forests (1) 170 134 119 107 Private Plantation forests (1) 68 78 83 90 Bush-land 24 800 24 635 24 570 24510 Grasslands 10 730 10 485 10 350 10350 Settlements 8256 8 192 8 152 8202 Farms with Trees 9 420 10 020 10 320 10385 Inland water Bodies 1 123 1 123 1 123 1123 Total Area for country 58 037 58 037 58 037 58037Source: FAO Report on State of Forest in Kenya, 2010
  • 5. Forest degradation trend in Kenya 1988-2012Source: World Bank Report 2011
  • 6. Charcoal burning in the Mau Forest Complex
  • 7. Logging of indigenous trees on the Maasai Mau Forest
  • 8. Effects of the cleared forests in Kenya
  • 9. Changing Paradigm…….• The Country has embarked on agriculture sector-wide implementation strategy to comply with the 10% rule for forest cover.• Engaging in sustainable agriculture (agroforestry best practices) – conservation agriculture with trees. Policies and legislation enacted to guide sustainable development and management of trees in farming systems - Ministry of Agriculture Farm Forestry Rule, 2009 under Agriculture Act Cap 318 ; Forest Act 2005. Institutional Innovations – Multi-sector and Public participation and Partnerships
  • 10. Agric Sector-Wide Implementation Strategy Implementation underpinned by an integrated and holistic agro- ecosystem approach targeting livelihood, food security and environmental resilienceThematic focus:1. Demonstration, validation and packaging best practices2. Strengthen capacity and institutional framework for up-take and scaling up best practices and innovations3. Policy , legal and institutional framework4. Investment and Trade in tree-based enterprises5. Up scaling sustainable agro-ecosystems, natural resource management (NRM) for Climate Change adaptation and mitigation strategies
  • 11. Agroforestry practices in Kenya - Cowpeas intercropped with Melia Volkensii treeKibwezi – KEFRI project
  • 12. Melia volkensii tree grown to provide Timber and earn income to the farmers
  • 13. Implementation strategy &Coordination•Mechanisms that reinforce synergy, complimentarity andcoordination•Partnerships & Networkingeco-regionally-coordinated activities - consortia of national teamsin collaboration with regional and international institutionsCoordinationProcess driven by science and practice of agroforestry/ farmforestry (putting in place best practices/ technologies &innovations);incorporate incentive packages – promote tree farming as abusiness;Mainstream Agric & Forestry sector reform agenda targeting 10%forest cover.
  • 14. Way forward•Fast-tracking stakeholders collaboration & partnerships•Information generation and packaging for scaling up implementation of 10% forestcover• Enhance technical assistance for best practices, protocols, standards andguidelines•Build capacity of stakeholders and relevant institutions create enablingenvironment for private investments in farm forestry;•Enhance awareness and understanding of social and economic factors•Promote enterprises and marketing channels for tree products;•Promote effective policies and programmes related to conservation of biologicaldiversity, rehabilitation of forest and tree resources•Articulate role of farm forests in climate change mitigation and adaptation•Provide a platform for information & experience sharing
  • 15. Thank you