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Cimmyt In Africa 2009
 

Cimmyt In Africa 2009

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    Cimmyt In Africa 2009 Cimmyt In Africa 2009 Presentation Transcript

    • International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center
    • CIMMYT Global partnerships for maize and wheat research Kabul, Afghanistan Almaty, Kazakhstan Ankara, Tbilisi, Kathmandu, Beijing, Turkey Georgia Nepal China Karaj/Teheran, El Batán, Iran Islamabad Dhaka, Mexico Pakistan Bangladesh Cali, Nairobi/Njoro, Addis Ababa, Colombia Kenya Ethiopia Harare, New Delhi, > 90 researchers in 15 offices throughout the Zimbabwe India developing world. > Partnerships with public research and extension organizations, private companies, advanced research institutes, NGOs and farmer associations.
    • Why Focus on Maize and Wheat?  Among the three most vital of the developing world’s basic foods.  Provide, on average, 25% of the caloric intake in developing countries.  Essential to the present and future food security…for nations and households.  Demand for maize and wheat is skyrocketing. Agricultural research is essential to provide food of sufficient quantity and quality.
    • Selected impacts of CIMMYT and partners’ work  CIMMYT-related wheat varieties are planted on more than 64 million hectares in low-income countries.  More than 20 million hectares in non-temperate environments of developing countries are sown to CIMMYT-related maize varieties.  More than 9,000 researchers from around the world have benefited from CIMMYT training. CIMMYT alumni now lead major crop research programs, public and private, throughout the world.
    • CIMMYT Products in Africa Drought tolerant maize  20 - 100% yield increases What farmers grow today Drought  Reached farmers on more than 2 tolerant million hectares 14.0  Native genetic variation delivers the 12.0 Yield of thr variety (t/ha) impact 10.0 8.0  PPP for emerging transgenics 6.0 4.0 2.0  Partnership: CIMMYT – IITA – 13 0.0 African countries 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 Yield of the trial (t/ha) 8.0 10.0 Experimental Checks  Partnership: AATF - CIMMYT Monsanto – 5 African countries
    • CIMMYT Products in Africa Rust resistant wheat  Ug99 – a global threat to world wheat production and food security  90% of all wheat varieties are susceptible  Disease has spread from Africa to Asia  A global partnership to develop new resistant varieties of wheat  Cornell University – CIMMYT – ICARDA – KARI - EIAR
    • CIMMYT Products in Africa Conservation agriculture  Reverse Africa’s natural and agricultural resource degradation  Systems that are adapted to smallholder farmers conditions and investment capability  Increase WUE, NUE and reduce labour use  Partnership between CIMMYT – CIAT – IFAD – southern African countries
    • CIMMYT products in Africa High Vitamin A maize  “Golden maize” for native variation  Reduce global Vitamin A deficiency  Raise b-carotene levels in maize from 1-2 ppm to > 10 ppm  Consumer acceptance studies  Partnership between Harvest Plus - CIMMYT – IITA – Purdue University Ghana – Zambia – EMPRAPA – YAAS
    • CIMMYT products in Africa SSA Policy Investment/Credit SME development  Seed sector studies Know-how Demand  Access to parental seed for new seed companies Production Marketing  Applied business training involving Infrastructure Germplasm established private sector  Partnership: CIMMYT – IITA – established seed companies – Howard G. Buffett