Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
AOCC Trainee Aspirations
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

AOCC Trainee Aspirations

245

Published on

The African Orphan Crops Consortium (AOCC) on 3rd December 2013, launched the African Plant Breeding Academy to help improve the livelihoods of Africa’s smallholder farmers and their families, reduce …

The African Orphan Crops Consortium (AOCC) on 3rd December 2013, launched the African Plant Breeding Academy to help improve the livelihoods of Africa’s smallholder farmers and their families, reduce hunger and boost Africa’s food supply.

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
245
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. TRAINEE ASPIRATIONS AND RELEVANCE OF CAPACITY BUILDING TO NATIONAL BREEDING RESEARCH ON INDIGENOUS CROPS FOR NUTRITION AND FOOD SECURITY IN AFRICA. ABU, NGOZI EUCHARIA (PhD) TRAINEE, AFRICAN PLANT BREEDING ACADEMY (AfPBA) DEPARTMENT OF PLANT SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA, NSUKKA, NIGERIA. ngozi.abu@unn.edu.ng
  • 2. Introduction • The only way to overcome obstacles inhibiting a group of people, a nation or a continent in this case is via capacity building. • Capacity building in the area of plant breeding is an investment in the future sustainability of plant breeding and the resultant achievement of food security in Africa. • Equally of similar weight is that it would arm the trainees of AfPBA with knowledge in combination of technologies that would enhance breeding for increased nutrition in order to overcome micronutrient deficiency via improving the nutrient composition of our indigenous species.
  • 3. • Food security is a condition that exists when all people at all times have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life (FAO 1996). • Africa has more countries with food insecurity problems than any other region in the world (FAO, 2004). • Therefore the need to increase crop yield and exploit our indigenous species in diverse ways is an urgent one.
  • 4. Genetics/Plant breeding in relation to yield • How, in a nut shell, is genetics/plant breeding able to contribute to food security? • Genetics is the basic science that can be applied for the production of improved planting materials. • The quality of seeds used by farmers determines the upper limits of the efficiency of all other inputs (fertilizer, pesticides, implements, management practices etc.). • There is no agricultural practice that can improve crop yield beyond the limits set by the quality of seeds used. The type of seed planted determines the type of harvest obtained. • The use of improved seeds ensures greater harvests and bigger profits for farmers under the same management systems. • To achieve this requires geneticists/plant breeder in different national research programmes.
  • 5. Our (AfPBA Trainees) Aspirations • The AfPBA trainees aspire to be empowered or armed with knowledge and technologies that would help us improve existing crop varieties or breed new ones that would meet the nutrient requirements of different age groups. • The AfPBA students aspires to acquire knowledge on the breeding technologies that would successfully develop; • drought resistant varieties. • Varieties that would perform maximally on high acid soils (low pH).
  • 6. • This capacity building programme would foster net working among the trainees and between the trainees and resource persons • We equally aspire to become more conversant with the tools of biostatistics and get some expensive analytical packages. • Armed with proper integration of the ‘old’ and ‘new’ technologies of plant breeding in order to achieve the desired goal in winning the war against outright starvation and hidden hunger in Africa and other developing nations of the world. •
  • 7. • It would take an African plant breeder or such researcher resident in Africa to adequately practice participatory plant breeding to ensure the generation of varieties acceptable to farmers and other end users. • And most importantly, we aspire to finally put high yielding varieties in the hands of farmers within a few years as a result of this timely program
  • 8. Conclusion • Some of us have heard and read on the pages of books and journals of so many new technologies that could serve as tools to bring Africa out of food insecurity and nutritional problems but our hands have not handled them. • We, therefore, aspire to be equipped in knowledge, facilities, result oriented collaborations and all other necessary diversities to enable us exploit our wealth of indigenous species towards achieving food security and balanced nutrition in Africa.
  • 9. •Thanks for Listening
  • 10. •Thanks for Listening

×