AOCC Launch - NEPAD Presentation


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The African Orphan Crops Consortium (AOCC) on 3rd December 2013, launched the African Plant Breeding Academy to help improve the livelihoods of Africa’s smallholder farmers and their families, reduce hunger and boost Africa’s food supply.

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AOCC Launch - NEPAD Presentation

  1. 1. African Orphan Crops Consortium: African Plant Breeding Academy Foundational Address Dr Ibrahim Assane Mayaki CEO NEPAD Agency December 3, 2013 NEPAD — TRANSFORMING AFRICA
  2. 2. About Us - The NEPAD Agency NPCA (NEPAD Agency) • A programme of the AU • Implementation/ technical arm of the AU • Headquarters Midrand, South Africa • Transformed from the NEPAD Secretariat to NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency (NPCA) NEPAD — TRANSFORMING AFRICA NPCA’s Thematic Areas 1. Agriculture and food security 2. Climate change & sustainable development 3. Regional integration & infrastructure 4. Human capital development 5. Economic & corporate governance 6. Cross-cutting issues
  3. 3. NEPAD governing structures • The General Assembly of the African Union • Heads of State and Government Implementation Committee • Steering Committee • NEPAD Secretariat NEPAD — TRANSFORMING AFRICA 3
  4. 4. Our Ultimate Goal…. “To spur food production through research and scientific breakthroughs, ….mobilize Africa’s own resources – brain power, technology, and funding must be geared up for an indigenous effort to get Africa moving again….” Late Prof. Thomas Odhiambo, 1994 Founding President of the African Academy of Sciences NEPAD — TRANSFORMING AFRICA
  5. 5. Challenges Faced by African Farmers – Low Productivity Photo Credit: IITA, ICRISAT Impacting Food and Nutritional Security NEPAD — TRANSFORMING AFRICA
  6. 6. Comprehensive African Agric. Dev. Programme (CAADP) ... common policy framework for accelerated agricultural growth ... … to attain … (agricultural-led socio-economic growth; inclusive development & poverty alleviation; improved food security and strengthen environmental resilience) 6% Annual Agriculture Productivity growth rate 10% Public Expenditure allocation to Agriculture (by 2008) NEPAD — TRANSFORMING AFRICA (by 2015) The Ag sector annual GDP growth rates were 3.2% and 3.0% in 200010 and 1990-2000, respectively
  7. 7. CAADP Priority Thematic Areas (Pillars) Pillar 3: Primary Impact Area – Basic Livelihood – Food Security Business Opportunities; Industrialisation Pillar 1: Sustainable Land and Water – (Production and Productivity) Financing, Markets and Trade opportunities Pillar 2: Infrastructure, Trade and Market support NEPAD — TRANSFORMING AFRICA New knowledge/ Technologies/Approaches Research Gaps, Questions!!; emerging challenges Pillar 4: Research & Dissemination support
  8. 8. CAADP Implementation: Key results and lessons  29 Investment Plans  27 Business Meetings Regional Investment Plans (ECOWAS; COMESA; IGAD: SADC; EAC & ECCAS) NEPAD — TRANSFORMING AFRICA  45 Countries actively engaging  32 Country Compacts
  9. 9. A Decade of CAADP Implementation • Countries engaged in CAADP-related interventions- 45 • Signed CAADP Compacts- 30 • Dev’d national agric. & food security invest’t plans- 26 • Regist’d more than 6% agric. growth rate- 10 • Countries with 10% or more annual budgetary allocation-6 • Others within 5% to 10%-9 NEPAD — TRANSFORMING AFRICA
  10. 10. What is an orphan crop ? Orphan Crops NEPAD — TRANSFORMING AFRICA
  11. 11. Role of orphan crops in African economy  Major staple food crops in many Africaning countries  Particular role in Food security, Nutrition, Income generation to resource-poor farmers and consumers  More adapted to the extreme soil and climatic conditions prevalent in Africa than the major crops of the world NEPAD — TRANSFORMING AFRICA
  12. 12. Major Challenge Low yield in terms of both quality and quantity due to lack of genetic improvement Share of Africa in the world acreage and production For selected orphan crops in 2008 Source: FAOSAT NEPAD — TRANSFORMING AFRICA
  13. 13. Eliminating Nutrient Deficiencies “Modifying the nutritional composition of plant foods is an urgent worldwide health issue as basic nutritional needs for much of the world’s population are still unmet.” DellaPenna, 1999 1. Enhancing health promoting substances 2. Vitamin and micronutrients fortification 3. Lower bad fats/anti-nutrients/allergens NEPAD — TRANSFORMING AFRICA
  14. 14. Micronutrient Deficiency Vitamin A deficiencies affect over 400 million people worldwide (ca. 7% world population), causing blindness, night blindness and vulnerability to disease. An estimated 250 million pre-school children are Vitamin A deficient. Each year two million children die and 250,000 - 500,000 go blind from lack of Vitamin A. Iron deficiencies affect up to 1.4 billion people worldwide (ca 22% world population), particularly women, causing anaemia and complications during childbirth, and affecting body growth, mental and motor development. NEPAD — TRANSFORMING AFRICA
  15. 15. Biofortified plants are improving nutrition for many NEPAD — TRANSFORMING AFRICA The non-profit organization HarvestPlus focuses on the development of biofortified crops for the developing world, including a provitamin A enriched sweet potato that is currently being grown by half a million families. Other biofortification projects are underway to increase levels of Sources: HarvestPlus; CIMMYT protein, iron, zinc, antioxidants and other beneficial components in food.
  16. 16. Genetic and genomics research in Nutrition Security General considerations in priority list of Orphan Crops i. Boost productivity and diversify the food system in Africa orphan crops as an important (significant) component in attaining Nutrition Security ii. The intrinsic values of the commodity in Africa’s Food chain (also culturally) iii. Potential to contribute to expanding a stable food and plant commodity base iv. Other associated non-food uses (value) v. Diminishing or neglected in research: (could benefit from modern techniques - marker-assisted breeding, and whole-genome sequencing; tissue culture, etc. ) NEPAD — TRANSFORMING AFRICA 16
  17. 17. Genetic and genomics research in Nutrition Security Specific considerations Securing Quantity and quality of the food resource base • • • • Yields (supporting intensification agenda) and Production potential Diversifying the Nutritional base (e.g. biofortification) in line with food cultures and ecosystem potential Securing long term genome stability Protect / adapt to natural and artificial stress / changes Other economic value factors • • • Importance to the economy (local economy and potentially international / now and in future) Need /contribution to securing biodiversity and resilience Potential to expand use/value (e.g. by removing toxic substances) NEPAD — TRANSFORMING AFRICA 17
  18. 18. Required Actions (NEPAD) to promote orphan crops  Need of coherent policies at different levels: Environmental policies Agricultural policies Agricultural Research policies  For NEPAD there is a need of a strong African ownership at: Political level Technical level from African research institute and knowledge center and breeding centers NEPAD — TRANSFORMING AFRICA
  19. 19. Our Goals • To reduce hunger & poverty and the associated effects for millions of Africans • Increase agric. productivity in a sustainable way Connecting Farmers with Innovation • Relevant science • Local ownership • Meaningful partnership • Build scientific capacity NEPAD — TRANSFORMING AFRICA