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24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
24  Rakesh Srivastava  Objective8
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24 Rakesh Srivastava Objective8

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  • 1. ICRISAT Pigeonpea Seed Production and Delivery Strategy in ESA & South Asia (Objective 8.0) Mali. Annual Review & Planning Meeting, Bamako, November 18, 2009
  • 2. Project Locations Country Regions/Districts NARS partners Malawi Southern & central Malawi •  alawi Department of M Agricultural Research Services •  hitedze Agricultural C Research Station Tanzania Babati, Karatu •  SARI, Arusha •  IARI, Ilonga •  Tanzania Agric Seed Agency & Dept of Research and Training India Maharashtra •  PDKV Akola •  KVK Washim •  KVK Durgapur Andhra Pradesh •  ANGRAU •  Adarsh Rythu
  • 3. Major Activities • Improving availability of quality seed •  esigning, testing and implementing seed production D programs •  esigning, testing and implementing seed marketing D and diffusion systems •  nhanced local capacity to produce deliver, store and E market seed •  nhanced local level awareness of available varieties E
  • 4. Major Methodologies used outputs Farmer preferred Participatory variety sel. (M/B varieties trials) Farmer friendly Vernacular approach literature Seed Production Seed village concept, contract farming Policy briefs Information document Capacity Decentralized approach building Seed distribution Small packets
  • 5. Pigeonpea seed supply systems -own saved seed; -purchase; -gifts from family and friends; -farmer-to-farmer seed exchanges
  • 6. FPVS- Asia Crop: Pigeonpea State: Andhra Pradesh District No. of Varieties No. of No. of villages Mother Baby Trials Trials Ranga Reddy 10 Asha, PRG 158, 2 8 Lakshmi Mahboobnagar 10 Asha, PRG 158, 2 8 Lakshmi State: Maharashtra Akola 12 AKT 8811, Trombay 3 9 Tur, ICPH 2671* Washim 12 AKT 8811, Trombay 3 9 Tur, ICPH 2671* * Yet to be released
  • 7. FPVS- ESA Country PVS Farmers Genotypes participated Tanzania 49 1554 ICEAPs 00040, 00053, 00936, 00932 Malawi 48 1335 ICEAPs 00932, 00557*, 01514/15, 01167/11 * Under release process
  • 8. FPVS Trials, India
  • 9. Distribution of seed samples of farmer preferred varieties Crop State FPV No. of Sample samples size (kg) distributed PP A.P. Asha, PRG 158, Maruti and 1057 0.5 – 1.0 Lakshmi Maharashtra BSMR 736, AKT 8811, Asha 352 1.0 and Trombay Tur Total 1409
  • 10. Seed distributed under revolving seed scheme, Tanzania (2007-09) District Amount in tons ICEAP 00053 ICEAP 00040 Karatu 0.5 1.4 Kondoa 0.5 1.5 Babati 1.8 1.7 Arumeru 1.0 1.0 Hai 0.04 0.05 Simanjiro 0.04 0.05 Total 3.88 5.7
  • 11. Public awareness activities in India Crop State Medium Content Date / Period PP A.P. TV Package of practices Oct 2008 – (4 times) for red gram and new Jul 2009 improved varieties suitable for A.P. Print Management practices Dec 2008 – (4 times) for late sown Aug 2009 pigeonpea, control of pod borer and sterility mosaic Maharashtra Print Improved varieties of Sep 2008 – (9 times) pigeonpea and their Sept 2009 production practices
  • 12. Mass communication Malawi : field day events covered on Malawi television, Malawi Broadcasting Cooperation, Zodiac Broadcasting Station and The Nation Newspaper Tanzania :Television, radio broadcasts, and newspaper articles about new varieties About 950 people visited SARI and saw the p/peas planted on-station
  • 13. Breeder Seed Infrastructure   250-ton storage godown constructed   Two bore well pumps repaired and boundary wall constructed   Submersible pump installed   853 meter long PVC pipeline laid   Barbed wire fencing
  • 14. Seed Production in Asia Partner Amount of seed produced (tonne) University/ (farmers, Total Variety name District Area (Ha) Research on-station, BS FS CS TL (t) Station others) ICRISAT Asha ICRISAT On-station 0.24 0.47 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.47 Maruti ICRISAT On-station 0.20 0.31 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 ICPH 2671 ICRISAT On-station 0.72 0.28 0.74 0.00 0.00 1.02 ICPH 2438 ICRISAT On-station 0.41 0.21 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.21 Subtotal 1.57 1.27 0.74 0.00 0.00 2.01 C 11 Akola On-station 1.00 0.00 0.27 0.00 0.00 0.27 Asha Akola On-station 4.00 0.00 Vitiated 0.00 0.00 0.00 PDKV Maruti Akola On-farm 1.20 0.00 1.37 0.00 0.00 1.37 PKV Trombay Tur Akola On-station 2.00 0.00 1.80 0.00 0.00 1.80 Maruti Akola On-station 2.33 0.00 0.00 2.70 0.00 2.70 BSMR 736 Akola On-station 1.20 0.00 0.00 1.10 0.00 1.10 BSMR 853 Akola On-station 1.40 0.00 0.00 2.70 0.00 2.70 BSMR 736 Akola On-farm 17.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.70 5.70 Maruti Akola On-farm 26.20 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.54 9.54 Maruti Washim On-farm 36.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.18 25.18 Subtotal 92.33 0.00 3.44 6.50 40.42 50.36 Asha Ranga Reddy On-station 2.00 0.00 2.50 0.00 0.00 2.50 ANGRAU Asha Mahabubnagar On-farm 2.00 0.00 2.50 0.00 0.00 2.50 Asha Ranga Reddy On-farm 12.40 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.10 10.10 PRG 158 Mahabubnagar On-station 3.00 0.00 3.00 0.00 0.00 3.00 PRG 158 Ranga Reddy On-farm 8.60 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.20 5.20 Subtotal 28.00 0.00 8.00 0.00 15.30 23.30
  • 15. Pigeonpea seed produced in ESA •  Breeder Seed : 6.0 tons •  Foundation Seed(2007-08) : 31 tons by contract growers in Malawi and Tanzania(ICEAPs 00040, 00053 and ICP 9145) •  Foundation seed(2008/09) : Expected production >30 tons from 34.5 ha in Malawi and Tanzania
  • 16. ICEAP 00040 seed production by Zenobia Seed Company
  • 17. Policy Briefs 1.  igeonpea-cotton intercrop. p 2.  eduction of minimum area to be R planted for seed certification. 3.  ertification fee. C
  • 18. Training in seed production technology Crop State District No. of No. of participants Trainings Men Women Total PP A.P. Ranga Reddy 5 740 192 832 Mahboobangar 1 90 30 120 Total 6 830 222 952 Maharashtra Akola 10 448 22 470 Washim 5 327 8 335 Total 15 775 30 805
  • 19. Training •  Tanzania: trainings organized on pigeonpea agronomy to 8 farmer groups involved in seed production •  Malawi : 25 Farmer’s field days were conducted in Central and Southern Malawi generated greater awareness on quality seed
  • 20. Awareness at NANENANE Agricultural show, August 2009
  • 21. Formal and Informal Linkages 1. PDKV Akola –MSSCL and KVKs at Karda and Durgapura 2. ANGRAU Hyderabad- APSSDC and Adarsh Rythu 3. Village level seed production societies
  • 22. Information Bulletins- Asia 1. Tur Lagwad Aani Bijotpadan Tantragyan (Pigeonpea cultivation and seed production technology). 2. Tur Lagwad Tantragyan (Pigeonpea cultivation technology). 3. Kandi Eittanotpattialo Melakuvalu (Pigeonpea seed production technology). 4. Kandi Panta Yajamanya Paddatiulu (Package of practices for pigeonpea). 5. Kandi Samagra Sasyarakshna (IPM technology in pigeonpea).
  • 23. Farmer Friendly Literature-ESA Malawi • Manual for pigeonpea production in English & Chichewa published Tanzania • A draft information bulletin in Kiswahili is in progress. •  Flyers describing pigeonpea printed in Chichewa and Swahili and distributed to farmers in project sites (>5,000 flyers)
  • 24. Constraints Faced 1. Insect-aided natural out- crossing/isolation 2. Photo/thermo sensitivity 3. Early season drought, WL 4. Seed used as grain
  • 25. Major lessons learnt •  Importance of informal seed system. •  Seed production under assured growing conditions •  Simplification of certification requirements •  Knowledge empowerment of (female) farmers •  efficient linkages between formal and informal seed systems are critical success factors. •  Pace of pigeonpea seed dissemination in ESA limited by limited availability of trained, research and seed technicians •  Registered societies can play a key role in maintaining seed quality standard (especially for TL seeds) •  Training in seed production techniques should be imparted in the field to impart first hand exposure.
  • 26. Vision for Phase II   Hybrid Seed Production   Maintenance breeding (cliesto trait)   Seed Village concept   Emphasis on informal seed system   Strengthening linkages between researchers, seed producers, agro dealers, private large- scale entrepreneurs   Expanded to new potential countries like Kenya and Mozambique

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