Developing sustainable seed
 production and delivery systems for
 reaching the poor in drought-prone
zones of sub-Saharan ...
Outline
•  Current seed systems
•  Seed production
•  Approaches tested
•  Cost of seed production
•  Sale of small-pack s...
Supply channels 
Variety development and Seed produc8on                              INFORMAL 
         Variety developmen...
Seed production
•  High quality foundation and certified seed
   produced
  –  1.225 tons of breeder seed, about 22 tons o...
Seed P&D strategies

Breeder     Basic   Certified          Certified
 seed       seed     Seed I                         ...
Cost of seed production by institution (US$/
                   kg)
                                                1.83

...
Testing the demand for small pack seed


                   •  Number of selling points
                      (SP): 11
   ...
Rural radios:
dissemination of
 information on:
prices,
varieties and
location of selling
points
 Not covered by rural rad...
•  Created in 2007 – supported by AGRA
•  Encourage to engage in small pack sales last
   year (Sold more than 150 tons)
•...
Constraints - Fasokaba
•  High cost of labor for shelling
•  Limited access to capital
•  Interested in with hybrid seed
•...
Exposure to technologies and capacity
                building
•  Exposure to technologies
  –  Six rural radio themes
  –...
•  Production of breeder seed remains
   inconsistent? (Revolving funds….)
•  Private sector still shy in entering the see...
Lessons learned
•  CBOs should be strengthened and tasked with
   seed production & delivery
•  SCSP and farmers’ associat...
What next?
•  Training CBO in small-scale business
   and marketing skills
•  Linking “agro-dealers” to source of
   finan...
Thank you
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22c Jupiter Ndjeunga Objective8

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22c Jupiter Ndjeunga Objective8

  1. 1. Developing sustainable seed production and delivery systems for reaching the poor in drought-prone zones of sub-Saharan Africa and Asia: Case of Groundnut in WCA J Ndjeunga, B R Ntare and NARES of Mali, Niger and Nigeria
  2. 2. Outline •  Current seed systems •  Seed production •  Approaches tested •  Cost of seed production •  Sale of small-pack seed •  Challenges and lessons learned
  3. 3. Supply channels  Variety development and Seed produc8on   INFORMAL  Variety development  Village markets and seed  IER, ICRISAT  traders  Variety release  Farmer‐to‐farmer  Na,onal Species and Variety release  exchange  Commi;ee (CNEV)  FORMAL   Nucleus and breeder seed  Farmer seed IER, ICRISAT  Extension services  Founda8on seed  Development and relief  Commercial seed Founda,on seed Unit ‐ IER, ICRISAT, FO,  projects  SCSP  Non governmental  Registered seed  organiza8ons  FO, SCSP under the Na,onal Seed  Service (SSN)  Farmers associa8ons /  small scale seed  producers  Cer8fied seed   Private companies  FO, SCSP, Outgrowers  FASOKABA, Comptoir  2000  Groundnut seed channels in Mali 
  4. 4. Seed production •  High quality foundation and certified seed produced –  1.225 tons of breeder seed, about 22 tons of foundation seed and about 42 tons of certified seed in year 1 (65 tons of seed) –  In Mali, •  11 tons of basic seed planned but only 5 ha were planted •  54.5 ha of certified seed planted vs 24 tons targeted –  In Niger •  Foundation seed (planned 14 tons, planted 18 ha) •  Certified seed (targeted 18 tons, planted 42 ha) –  In Nigeria •  13.5 tons of foundation seed vs 17.5 ha planted •  54 tons of certified seed targeted vs 60 ha planted
  5. 5. Seed P&D strategies Breeder Basic Certified Certified seed seed Seed I “Grains” Seed II Small FA/FO retailers FA/FO FA/FO NARS SCSP Input ICRISAT SCSP SCSP shops NARS Priv. Priv. Priv. Priv. outlets Contract farmers
  6. 6. Cost of seed production by institution (US$/ kg) 1.83 1.25 Institution 3.28 1.50 0.87 0.86 1.21 - 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 Cost of seed production (US$/ha)
  7. 7. Testing the demand for small pack seed •  Number of selling points (SP): 11 •  6908 small packs (4600 treated and 2300 non- treated) •  Seed price : 2.26 US$/kg •  Percent sold: 27-100% (avg 64%) •  Avg distance to SP: 3 km (0 - 11 km) •  Percent loss per kg of seed: 23%
  8. 8. Rural radios: dissemination of information on: prices, varieties and location of selling points Not covered by rural radios
  9. 9. •  Created in 2007 – supported by AGRA •  Encourage to engage in small pack sales last year (Sold more than 150 tons) •  10.705 tons of seed of which 10.200 sold (percent sold 95.28%) •  Training of retailers •  Varieties: JL 24, ICGV0128, ICGV015, Fleur 11, Tikaba, 47-10 •  Pack size (0.5kg, 1, 5, 10, 30, vrac) •  48 outlets in Koulikoro, Kayes, Segou and Kita
  10. 10. Constraints - Fasokaba •  High cost of labor for shelling •  Limited access to capital •  Interested in with hybrid seed •  Lack of appropriate monitoring scheme to track the demand •  Market for seed remains thin – After farmers have obtained seed, they will not go back to market for few years
  11. 11. Exposure to technologies and capacity building •  Exposure to technologies –  Six rural radio themes –  Minikit distributed to 3500 farmers in non-project sites –  1755 attended 6 field days –  Manual on seed production –  Manual in small-scale business and mrketing in process •  Capacity building –  650 trained in seed production techniques –  Academic training (1 at University of Ouaga) –  Training in small-scale business skills and marketing In Mali (30 in Mali and 32 in Niger)
  12. 12. •  Production of breeder seed remains inconsistent? (Revolving funds….) •  Private sector still shy in entering the seed industry •  How to build sustainable seed systems with CBOs? •  How to sustain the demand when farmers have acquired the seed of varieties? •  Should government be encouraged t provide subsidies in the groundnut seed sector?
  13. 13. Lessons learned •  CBOs should be strengthened and tasked with seed production & delivery •  SCSP and farmers’ associations can produce and deliver seed at lower costs •  There are market niches for groundnut seed •  Training in seed marketing and small-scale business skills •  Training agro-dealers in marketing and small business skills is essential •  Partnership with WASA/AGRA needs to be strengthened to avoid duplications
  14. 14. What next? •  Training CBO in small-scale business and marketing skills •  Linking “agro-dealers” to source of financing •  Small- pack sale more emphasized •  Integrate seed to “grain” markets
  15. 15. Thank you
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