Tropical Legumes – II Project
                 Objective 2:
“ENHACING GROUNDNUT PRODUCTIVITY AND PRODUCTION IN 

         ...
Enhancing Groundnuts Productivity and
          Production - ESA
Project Components

•  Fast tracking on shelf varieties through
   Farmer PVS and identify 2 – 3 that can be
   released i...
Needs and Opportunities being
           harnessed for R&D



•  Breeding thrust is
   on GRD, ELS and
   Rust – ICRISAT  ...
Fast tracking on shelf varie2es to iden2fy 2 – 3 for 
               release in the short term 

Country           No of  ...
Outcome from PVS 
Varieties Recommended for Release: Tanzania (5):
ICGV-SM 01711, # 01721, # 99555,and # 99557.
Mozambique...
Seed Produc2on in Support of Seed Systems and 
            PVS Fast Track Release    




  • 29.8 t breeder seed of 8 var...
Component II: Development of new
                   varieties




  Rosette             ELS




Rust                Drought
New sources of resistance
                    identified




                          ICGV-SM 02536,
    ICG 14705,
     ...
Hybridization and Devlp of
               breeding populations

•  48 New crosses incorporating newly id
   resistance sou...
Capacity Building 

•  Germplasm Distribu/on; 
    –  22 Sets Regional trials (Mw(6), Tz (4), Mz(12) 
    –  488 breeding ...
Capacity Building cont

•  Farmer Capacity
•  Seed fairs in MW
   (500), and TZ (2000)
   farmers
•  Training in Good
   A...
Capacity Building cont

•  Institutional Development with TL1:
    – Refurbishment of 1 glasshouse,
      purchase of frid...
Improving Partner skills cont
Challenges and emerging
                  opportunities

•  Slow pace of variety release with
   some partner NARS.
  – Re...
Challenges and emerging
                opportunities cont

•  No absolute resistance to ELS is known
   in cultivated gnu...
Challenges and emerging opportunities
                                cont
•  Groundnuts are used as a commercial crop as
...
Challenges and emerging
             opportunities cont

•  The region is still Lacking suitable vars
   matching the avai...
Other Collaborating Projects

•  The BMGF through TL1

•  The McKnight Foundation

•  Treasure Legumes – IFAD Project
   (...
THANK YOU
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

15b E S Monyo Objective2 Groundnut E S A

579 views
554 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
579
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
9
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

15b E S Monyo Objective2 Groundnut E S A

  1. 1. Tropical Legumes – II Project Objective 2: “ENHACING GROUNDNUT PRODUCTIVITY AND PRODUCTION IN    DROUGHT‐PRONE AREAS OF SUB‐SAHARAN AFRICA AND ASIA ” By By
  2. 2. Enhancing Groundnuts Productivity and Production - ESA
  3. 3. Project Components •  Fast tracking on shelf varieties through Farmer PVS and identify 2 – 3 that can be released in the short term •  Development of new varieties for ESA taking cognizance of the region’s biotic and abiotic constraints •  Improve the skills of partners as we work together - foster learning by doing
  4. 4. Needs and Opportunities being harnessed for R&D •  Breeding thrust is on GRD, ELS and Rust – ICRISAT GRD HDP Malawi presents an excellent natural screening environment ELS HDP
  5. 5. Fast tracking on shelf varie2es to iden2fy 2 – 3 for  release in the short term  Country  No of  No of PVS  No of PVS  Varie/es  MB yr1  MB yr2  Malawi  10 & 7  36/120  60/171  Mozambique  7 & 5  18/72  36/108  Tanzania  10 & 7  50  64 
  6. 6. Outcome from PVS  Varieties Recommended for Release: Tanzania (5): ICGV-SM 01711, # 01721, # 99555,and # 99557. Mozambique (3) ICGV-SM 99541, # 99568, and JL 24 ; Malawi (1); ICGV-SM 96714
  7. 7. Seed Produc2on in Support of Seed Systems and  PVS Fast Track Release     • 29.8 t breeder seed of 8 varieties •  uclear seed 10 vars for Tanzania (5-50kg) each N •  uclear seed 55 vars in Malawi (5-10kg) each N •  1 seed banks in Malawi and 30 seed banks in 5 Tanzania each (each with capacity for4tons annually)
  8. 8. Component II: Development of new varieties Rosette ELS Rust Drought
  9. 9. New sources of resistance identified ICGV-SM 02536, ICG 14705, ICG 14118, 8517, 13099, ICGV- ICGV-SM 06394 SM 05701, ICGV-SM 86021, 02501 ICGV-SM 00537, 03535, 92R/70-4, ICGV 94114, ICG 14390, 14778
  10. 10. Hybridization and Devlp of breeding populations •  48 New crosses incorporating newly id resistance sources into farmer / market preferred vars initiated •  2nd BC pops incorporating GRD and ELS into farmer/market vars completed •  4500 F3 segregating pops incorporating old sources of resistance into farmer/market vars available for phenotyping. Part ↔ RILS TL1
  11. 11. Capacity Building  •  Germplasm Distribu/on;  –  22 Sets Regional trials (Mw(6), Tz (4), Mz(12)  –  488 breeding lines MW(131), TZ(86), MZ(271)  •  Technical Capacity  –  Trained 7 technicians, and 3 scien/sts in in hybridiza/on  techniques, use of infector row, and data analysis using  genstat   –  Tanzania has ini/ated ac/ve breeding prog with  phenotyping facili/es for GRD 
  12. 12. Capacity Building cont •  Farmer Capacity •  Seed fairs in MW (500), and TZ (2000) farmers •  Training in Good Agronomic Practices- GAP 1185 Farmers (686 MW), (378 MZ) and (121 TZ) •  2000 flyers for variety descriptors and GAP, and 1000 booklets on GAP distributed in MW and TZ
  13. 13. Capacity Building cont •  Institutional Development with TL1: – Refurbishment of 1 glasshouse, purchase of fridges for seeds, construction of rain-shelter, Irrigation facility under develp for TZ – Refurbishment of 2 glasshouses, procurement of one portable weather station, and irrigation pump for MW
  14. 14. Improving Partner skills cont
  15. 15. Challenges and emerging opportunities •  Slow pace of variety release with some partner NARS. – Release procedures as well as capacity. Technical capacity building will help •  Most of the durable resistance for GRV only found in long duration – yet short duration holds largest cultivated area – Possibly Marker work can bring results faster.
  16. 16. Challenges and emerging opportunities cont •  No absolute resistance to ELS is known in cultivated gnut – just enhanced levels of resistance – This is an area where MARS can play a useful role when sufficient no of markers for gnuts are found
  17. 17. Challenges and emerging opportunities cont •  Groundnuts are used as a commercial crop as well as for food & nutrition security. Aflatoxin is a major threat to both –  Smallholder farmers knows little of the dangers posed by aflatoxin –  Traders give no incentives for aflatoxin free nuts •  Need for a value chain approach to determine critical point for intervention and a system for rewarding producers
  18. 18. Challenges and emerging opportunities cont •  The region is still Lacking suitable vars matching the available LGP – Lack of seed dormancy big problem in short duration varieties. •  Potential solution – Need to incorporate resistance to fresh seed dormancy in early varieties
  19. 19. Other Collaborating Projects •  The BMGF through TL1 •  The McKnight Foundation •  Treasure Legumes – IFAD Project (Malawi and Tanzania)
  20. 20. THANK YOU

×