Child-Protection in Tourism
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Child-Protection in Tourism

on

  • 1,539 views

Presentation for a workshop for tourism students to train them about measures against Child Sex Tourism

Presentation for a workshop for tourism students to train them about measures against Child Sex Tourism

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,539
Views on SlideShare
1,538
Embed Views
1

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
27
Comments
0

1 Embed 1

http://www.slideshare.net 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Child-Protection in Tourism Child-Protection in Tourism Presentation Transcript

    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism „Offenders Beware!“ Combating the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in Tourism IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 1
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism What‘s the link to tourism? • Sustainability • Social standards • CSR - Corporate Social Responsibility • Marketing advantage • Tourism infrastructure as an instrument for CST CST = Child Sex Tourism IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 2
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Tourism as platform for CST Between Destination Origin - Aeroplane - Hotel, - Travel agency - Bus guesthouse, - Tour operator - Train rented - Airline apartment - Boat - On-line - Tour operator booking - Taxis, car-rental agency companies - Bars, restaurants - Clubs IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 3
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Organisations and projects • ECPAT International • ECPAT Austria • respect – Institute for Integrative Tourism and Development • The Code of Conduct for the protection of children from sexual exploitation in travel and tourism • Offenders Beware! IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 4
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Outline • Introduction • Child rights • Documentary • Case studies / group work • Child Sex Tourism – what, who, where, why? • Global action against CST • The role of the tourism industry • Communication • Q&A, Evaluation, Summing up IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 5
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Child Rights • 1989: Convention on the Rights of the Child – Almost universally ratified worldwide • Protection of the child = every person below 18 • 54 articles (e.g. right to life, right to education…) • Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 6
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Art. 34: Protection from sexual exploitation States Parties undertake to protect the child from all forms of sexual exploitation and sexual abuse. For these purposes, States Parties shall in particular take all appropriate national, bilateral and multilateral measures to prevent: (a) The inducement or coercion of a child to engage in any unlawful sexual activity; (b) The exploitative use of children in prostitution or other unlawful sexual practices; (c) The exploitative use of children in pornographic performances and materials. IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 7
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Betrifft: Die Rückkehr der Sextouristen Der Tsunami, die Armut und die Prostitution Movie: The Return Reportage (45 min., 16:9) von Wolfgang Luck Kamera: Rainer Friedrich, Ton: Steven Briggs of the Sex Tourists Schnitt: Karl-Heinz Satzger Produktion: a & o buero The Tsunami, the poverty and gefördert vom Evangelischen Entwicklungsdienst the prostitution Erstausstrahlung:29.5.2006 (SWR "Betrifft") Filmwettbewerb Zukunftsfähiger Tourismus http://www.koelnkamera.de/die%20rueckkehr%20der%20sextouristen.html IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 8
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Case Study: Sonia Sonia began to work as a prostitute, when she was 13. She’s living at the German-Czech boarder and her mother doesn’t have enough money to support her and her 4 brothers and sisters. Her father left the family two years ago. Sonia tried many times to find another job, but she was never successful. With no other job she could make so much money like with the German sex tourists, which are Sonia’s „regular customers“. Now Sonia is 16. She still has her regular customers but she doesn’t earn as much as her younger „colleagues“. Therefore she does what many older children are doing: she’s recruiting new children to work in prostitution. She could also help her younger brother Honza (10 years old) to earn money. For conveying and training the children she earns 60% of the money that they earn from the German sex tourists. • Which form of commercial sexual exploitation can be found in this case story (child trafficking, child prostitution, child sex tourism, child pornography)? • What reasons for CST/child prostitution can be found in this story? • What other root causes for CST can you think of? ( “supply” side) IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 9
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Case Study: Serah My name is Serah and I am 19 years old. I lost my parents early to AIDS. Consequently, I could not attend school anymore. When I was 15, I left for the coast together with a friend. There was nothing to do for us in the village. Right after arrival we met a white man, I don’t remember where he came from. He was very nice und invited us for a drink to his room. We thought that all tourists are nice people as they come to visit us. In the room he wanted to have sex without a condom. I managed to escape, he could not grab hold of both of us in the same time. My friend had to stay back. I was numb. I couldn’t feel anything anymore since that. Some time later I met an Italian tourist. He offered me help and to arrange for a normal job for me. I followed him into his appartement. He locked me there for several days, frequently men came... I was desperate but I had no choice. I HAD to survive, there was no normal job for me without school or education. Then I met the social worker from SOLWODI. She offered me help, and I started attending the regular meetings. In the beginning I was sceptical, but today I am very thankful. I had the chance to start a training as a hair dresser and today I run a hairdresser’s shop in Mombasa with a friend. Additionally, I also consult young girls in my village and elsewhere. I simply tell them my story and explain them about the risks of prostitution. • What reasons for child sex tourism/child prostitution can be found in this story? • What other root causes for child sex tourism can you think of? ( “supply” side) IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 10
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Case Study: An Italian in Thailand The case of Giorgio S. (59) started when a journalist contacted him pretending to be a pedophile. The journalist interviewed him with a hidden camera and broadcasted the video. It was a shocking video where S. bragged to have violated between 400 and 500 girls from seven to fifteen years old from 2001 until 2005. S. resided in Italy only two or three months per year and spent the remaining nine or ten months in Thailand. He was very well organized: he had a notebook in which he transcribed name, age and ‘vote’ of every victim. He was planning to move permanently to Thailand and organize a little and private ‘tour operator’ for Italian men who wanted a guide in the world of sex tourism with children. Speaking to the journalist he expressed mostly prejudicial opinions ("here the children are accustomed to sex", "paying them is helping the family", and so on) and narrated in detail a lot of his ‘adventures’ to plead his cause. Not to excuse him, but only to demonstrate how unjust it was that he could not do the same things in Italy. Arrest was immediate (September 2005). In 2004 one of his friends gave two recorded phone calls to the police where the pedophile talked about his ‘performances’. He was sentenced in first grade to fourteen years of jail and fined for 200,000 euro’s. The Police found in his house over 370 images and nine videotapes of him with the children. • Which form of commercial sexual exploitation can be found in the case story (child trafficking, child prostitution, child sex tourism, child pornography)? • What are the motives or “excuses” of the offender? • What other reasons/factors for child sex tourism can you think of? (demand side) IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 11
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Case Study: An French in Thailand The French national, Amon Chemouil was arrested and tried in 2001 for having sexually abused an eleven year old girl in Pattaya, Thailand. The abuse was filmed by one of two Swiss men who were with Chemouil. During the trial, Chemouil presented his act as a moment of weakness and apologized for ‘stealing her childhood’. He also placed all responsibility on himself, in contrast with statements from preferential child sex offenders and pedophiles, who often place blame on the victim for having seduced the offender. Experts present at the trial did not classify Chemouil as a pedophile. Regardless of the intent or lack of intent to abuse a child, or whether it was planned or not, sexual contact with a child by a tourist is a criminal act. Chemouil was convicted for rape and sentenced of 7 years in prison. • Which types of offenders are described in this case story? • What do you think were the reasons for the man to abuse the girl? What motives could you think of? • This case was the first case in France to be tried under extraterritorial legislation. To your mind, what are the challenges and difficulties of extraterritorial jurisdiction? IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 12
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Terms • Exploitation • Commercial Exploitation • Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children • Child Sex Tourism is the commercial sexual exploitation of children by people who travel from one location to another and engage in sexual acts with minors. Often they travel from a richer country to one that is less developed, but child sex tourists may also be travellers within their own countries or regions. IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 13
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Perpetrators • Men and women (rare) • all social classes • all age groups • leisure and business travellers • worldwide • locally, regionally, internationally • Pedosexuals, experimental offenders, situational offenders IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 14
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Destinations Map:: H.J. de Blij/Peter O. Muller: Geography: Realms, Regions and Concepts 2000 IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 15
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Figures • In 1997 UNICEF estimates that 2 Million children between 14-18 years engaged in prostitution – Local estimations indicate much higher figures • Estimated turnover: 5 billion US-Dollar • Figures growing – age decreasing IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 16
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Factors and causes •Poverty •Migration into cities •Sexual violence in •Struggle to survive on the family the streets •Lack of emotional •Attractivity of „western stability lifestyle and goods“ •Desperateness •Tourism Development •Feeling of guilt •Erosion of family structures •Loss of significance of norms and values •Lack of school graduation •Disregard of children IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 17
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Global action against CST • NGOs • States • Police / Interpol • Individuals / tourists? IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 18
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Extraterritorial law • Extraterritorial laws enable a country to hold its citizens accountable under their home country laws for committing crimes abroad. • States can prosecute their own nationals and residents who travel to other countries to sexually exploit children. • Witnesses from abroad and foreign police forces can be used to build the case for prosecution. http://www.thefuturegroup.org/youwillbecaught/laws.html IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 19
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Legal action • 2004: a 63-year old Tyrolian abuses children in Vietnam – sentenced at county court Innsbruck • 2004: Austrian sentenced for abuse of children in Romania • 2004-2006: hundreds of children and youth being forced into criminal acts, prostitution etc. being freed in Vienna • 2007: a 42-year old Austrian being sentenced to 3 years of jail for abusing a boy in India • 2008: a 65-year old Austrian sentenced in Cambodia for multifold abuse of children IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 20
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Tourism industry • WTO Declaration on the Prevention of Organized Sex Tourism (1995) • Global Code of Tourism Ethics (1999) • International Association of Air Travel (IATA) – Final Resolution Condemning Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (1996) • International Hotel and Restaurant Association- Resolution against commercial sexual exploitation of children (1996) IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 21
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Code of Conduct for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation in Travel and Tourism www.thecode.org • 947 companies • 37 countries in total • Membership fees • Board • Committee IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 22
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Code of Conduct for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation in Travel and Tourism www.thecode.org Six criteria: • establish ethical policy • train personell • clause in contracts with suppliers • provide information to travellers • provide information to local „key persons“ • annual report IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 23
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Staff Training REPORTING INFORMATION TO AUTHORITIES - WHAT DO YOU NEED TO KNOW? …The telephone numbers for the local Police, the Tourism authority and the British Embassy or Consulate's office. Incidents of abuse should always be reported to the Police. When your suspicions of criminal activity involving child sexual abuse by a tourist are confirmed, there is definitely something you can do about it. The sexual exploitation of children is a crime everywhere in the world. In many cases, the perpetrator can be criminally charged in his/her home country, even when the crime took place in a foreign land. In order to report the incident to the authorities, you should be able to provide clear information. Be sure to document the following details: • What exactly did you observe (children being offered for sale by adults, negotiations between children and tourists, explicit gestures, physical contact, etc.)? • Where did this take place (town, street, square, name of the establishment, beach)? • When did you see this take place (date, time)? • Who was involved (name and nationality of the tourist, the child, the person soliciting customers)? • Other important information you may be asked to provide: - day of arrival/departure (airport) of the "suspect" - details of the nationality of the victim if known IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 24
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Contract clause ’’Clause no. 14. A common agreement to ban child prostitution on the premises of the hotel Aurinkomatkat follows the Code of Conduct of ECPAT (End Child Prostitution and Trafficking) to fight child sex tourism. Aurinkomatkat expects each accommodation provider to ban all child sex or child prostitution related activities from its premises. Any such activity should be immediately reported to our staff as well as local police authorities. Allowing child prostitution in the hotel will lead to a termination of the contract.’’ IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 25
    • Partners of the “Code of Conduct” “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism In the following countries: Grönland ä (Dän.) Norwegen Finnland Alaska (USA) Schweden Grossbritannien Dänemark Niederlande Deutschland Österreich Schweiz Rumänien Mongolei Montenegro Bulgarien USA Spanien Italien Mazedonien Japan Albanien Türkei Syrien Pakistan Mexico Dominikanische Belize Republik Thailand Costa Rica Kenia Brasilien © ECPAT Deutschland e.V.; Quelle:The Code Organisation; Grafik: Martin Holub IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 26
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Partners IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 27
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Partners IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 28
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 29
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism South Africa warned on World Cup CAPE TOWN child sex tourism Tue Aug 14, 2007 9:07am EDT (Reuters) - South Africa risks becoming a magnet for pedophiles when it hosts the 2010 soccer World Cup as rising child sex tourism blights Africa's top travel spots, activists said on Tuesday. Every year thousands of children in mostly poor countries fall prey to sex tourists. In Africa, a tourism boom coupled with high levels of poverty, unemployment and illiteracy provide fertile ground for child sex tourism to flourish. Activists say South Africa in particular must take steps to guard against child sex tourism ahead of the 2010 World Cup, when millions of people are expected to visit the continent's richest country. "Africa could become the new Thailand, there is a big risk, a big threat," said Jennifer Seif, the executive director of Fair Trade in Tourism SA, during a media briefing in Cape Town. Seif said western men away from home who sleep with 14 or 15 year old girls made up the bulk of sex tourists, although younger children were also at risk. IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 30
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism South Africa‘s tourism industry avows to child protection Just before the start of the FIFA-Worldcup 2010 South Africa‘s tourism industry has taken an important step for the protection of children and youth from sexual exploitation: More than 30 tourism organisations and businesses (amongst them the National Department of Tourism and South Africa Tourism) have signed „The Code“ in Cape Town on 9th of June 2010. „We are proud to support the South African Government, FTTSA and our tourism businesses in their efforts to protect the children. Cape Town‘s message is clear: Who comes here to abuse our children is not welcome“, said Mariette du Toit- Helmbold, the CEO of Cape Town Tourism. IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 31
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Responsible Business Award 2010 This entry is for a partnership on protecting children’s rights from exploitation in travel and tourism. The company was the first major American company to join the Child-Protection Code of Conduct (www.thecode.org) in April 2004. The company created a training kit in a “meeting in a box” format containing a Managers’ Guide, as well as visual presentation of seven real-life scenarios that hotel personnel can encounter, for assessing and recognizing potential situations of sexual exploitation of children. Judges commentary: The company has shown exemplary thought leadership in a sector that often lacks serious strategic action on corporate responsibility. In seriously addressing an important area that is often perceived as a taboo in the travel sector, this company has performed great work on an issue many firms in the industry both overlook and ignore. http://www.ethicalcorp.com/content.asp?ContentID=6904&ContTypeID=13 IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 32
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Communication „Hinschauen statt Wegschauen!“ IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 33
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 34
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 35
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 36
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 37
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 38
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 39
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 40
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 41
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism Taking action • selecting a Tour Operator • asking the travel agency about CoC: „That‘s important to me!„ • reporting suspicious observations (tour guide, hotel staff, embassy) • objecting and reporting explicit offers by middlemen (taxi drivers etc.) • calling for political measures • Supporting help services and NGOs – locally and in Austria • Interpol contact line: +43-1-24836 85025 (24/7 ; also anonymously) Don‘t turn away – turn them in IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 42
    • “Offenders Beware!” Training tourism professionals how to act against commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism „Offenders beware!“ is a project by a consortium of ECPAT Kindly supported by the groups, supported by the European Commission. European Commission Further information: ECPAT-Österreich Arbeitsgemeinschaft zum Schutz der Rechte der Kinder vor Sexueller Ausbeutung Geschäftsführung: Mag.a Astrid Winkler Alserstraße 21/5, 1080 Wien Trainer: Tel./Fax: +43(0)1 293 16 66 Mithra Ansari Mobil: +43(0)6991 923 76 02 ansari@ecpat.at e-mail: info@ecpat.at Marcus Bauer M.A. marcus.bauer@respontour.net IMC Krems – 16 June 2010 43