• ITC uses divisional structure
• ITC is headed by an Executive Director, who
reports to the Secretary General of the United
Nations Conference on Trade and Development
(UNCTAD) and the Director General of the World
Trade Organization (WTO).
• The Senior Management Committee (SMC) is
made up the two executive officers and the heads
of ITC’s four divisions.
The entire structure of the organization of Tata
Steel can be broadly divided into 3 levels, each
level having separate roles and responsibilities.
These 3 levels are upper management, senior
management and the middle management. Each
of these lower levels is responsible to perform its
functions and thereby report to the next higher
level in the organization on a periodic basis.
Overall, we can say that the company has a flat
structure, beginning from the top management to
the lowest level of management
It have functional structure
The transformed organizational structure will have two
distinct Customer Business Units (CBU) with clear focus
on B2C (Business to Customer) and B2B (Business to
Bharti Airtel's B2C business unit will comprehensively
service the retail consumers, homes and small offices, by
combining the erstwhile business units—
Mobile, Telemedia, Digital TV, and other emerging
businesses (like M-commerce, M-health, M-advertising
The B2C organization will consist of Consumer Business
and Market Operations. It is the largest telecommunication
company in India.
Wal-Mart uses Matrix structure
Wal-Mart's advantage because each division is
open to focus its efforts on specific goals such as
product, service, or customers. Narrowing the
focus really allows the company to perform more
effectively because they are allowed to pinpoint
specific areas needing change and adjust
It uses line and staff organization structure
The Disney org chart, on the other hand, is based
on process, from the story idea through direction
to the final release of the film. All of the staff
positions are in the service of supporting this
Corporate org charts are hierarchical, with each
operating division isolated into “silos” showing
job titles according to reporting chain of
command and ultimate authority.
• Starbucks has rearranged their organizational
structure to better accommodate customer
satisfaction. The CEO of Starbucks announced
expansion of their matrix organizational
structure last month.
It uses Matrix structure
Under CEO Steve Jobs there are 10 Senior Vice
Presidents: CFO, COO, Operations, Hardware
Engineering, Software Engineering, iOS
software, Worldwide Product
Marketing, Industrial Design, Retail and General
Counsel. However, when I refer to Apple's Annual
Report, it is supposed to organize itself based on
5 segments: America, EMEAI, Japan, Retail and
Others (including APAC and its subsidiary
The first and most common structure type that managers would choose
for a manufacturing firm when cost-minimizing is the primary strategy
would be the form of bureaucracy.
Preferred especially when highly routine activities produce volumes of
identical products, a bureaucratic organizational structure allows for
efficient production through high formalization and standardized
operations. Also common in mass production companies is the
separation of work activities into specific departments.
This separation allows for inexpensive labor costs because employees
are only specialized in one area or functional department therefore
requiring less overall knowledge and talent to perform it
successfully. The cost of middle and lower level managers is also
reduced due to the centralized decision making process.
It have line structure
Focus on Vodafone’s key commercial and
financial priorities: customer and commercial
strength, leadership in data, brand
advocacy, cost efficiency and shareholder
Simplify the Group’s organization, by
reducing layers and simplifying managerial
• Dell’s company structure has three levels of hierarchy. The
CEO is situated on the upper hierarchy level since he/she is
appointed to control and manage all the aspects of the
• The departments and their respective managers stated can
be seen on the second level of the Dell organization chart
• he use of matrix structure can be useful in a company for
the completion of task flexibly as workers from each
department have a different field of expertise which could
be used to help in the doing the task. However, conflicts
may arise between workers from different departments due
to unfamiliarity and conflicts may arise between the
managers on various issues regarding to the project teams.
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