PROJECT GUIDE: GROUP MEMBERS:MR. RAJIV RANJAN VIVEK KUMAR SINGH VANDANA AGRAWAL UTKARSH MAURYA UTTAM JALAN GROUP NO. 5
The Smart Grid is the integration of Electrical &Digital Technologies, Information and communicationwhich facilitates integration of business processes andsystems to yield real measurable value across the powerdelivery chain. It is an intelligent future electricitysystem that connects all supply, grid and demandelements through a communication system. Smart griddelivers electricity to consumers using two-way digitaltechnology that enable the efficient management ofconsumers, efficient use of the grid to identify andcorrect supply- demand imbalances.
The Smart Grid is the integration of Electrical & DigitalTechnologies, Information and communication which facilitatesintegration of business processes and systems to yield realmeasurable value across the power delivery chain. It is an intelligentfuture electricity system that connects all supply, grid and demandelements through a communication system. Smart grid deliverselectricity to consumers using two-way digital technology thatenable the efficient management of consumers, efficient use of thegrid to identify and correct supply- demand imbalances. Smart Gridsolutions enable utilities to increase energy productivity and powerreliability while allowing the customers to manage the usage andcosts through real time information exchange. It impacts all thecomponents of the power system like Generation, Transmission andDistribution.
The Smart Grid focuses in four key areas:- Generation Transmission Distribution Consumer
Smart Power Meters Smart Substations Smart Distribution Smart Generation
A smart meter is an electrical meter that records consumption of electric energy in intervals of an hour or less. Communicates that information at least daily back to the utility for monitoring and billing purposes. Smart meters enable two- way communication between the meter and the central system.
Automated Meter Reading(AMR) Meter can be read remotely using fixed network using:- hand-held / walk-by drive-by energy consumption calculation on annual, monthly, weekly, da ily or on an hourly basis.
How A Smart Meter Works
Measure, read and analyseenergy consumption.Read electricity, gas, heatand water meters remotely.Advanced communicationsystemSophisticated Meter DataManagement (“MDM”)
• Smart meters located at homes and businesses compose a neighborhood area network (NAN).• The NAN architecture is assumed to be a wireless mesh network • Meters communicate bidirectional with a neighborhood "collector" via multichip routing. • Collectors are connected directly to a utility provider.• Smart meters have a limited• A meter may malfunction and interfere with the proper forwarding of packets, e.g., delaying, altering, misrouting, dropping, or misinserting packets.
1. Based on the new data acquisition technology of phasor measurement.2. WAM systems acquire current, voltage and frequency phasor measurements, and are taken to PMU(Phasor measurement Unit).3. The measured quantities include both magnitudes and phase angles, and are time-synchronised via GPS receivers with an accuracy of one microsecond.
Region Wise Power Generation In India
Region Wise Power Consumption In India
Why smart grids are needed in the future
About R-APDRPThe Govt. of India has proposed to continue R-APDRP during the XI Plan with revised terms andconditions as a Central Sector Scheme. The focus ofthe program shall be on actual, demonstrableperformance in terms of sustained loss reduction.Establishment of reliable and automated systemsfor sustained collection of accurate base line dataand the adoption of Information Technology in theareas of energy accounting will be essential beforetaking up the regular distribution strengtheningprojects.
(a) COVERAGE OF SCHEME Urban areas–towns and cities with population of more than 30,000 are covered for implementation. Projects under the scheme shall be taken up in Two Parts Part-A: will cover projects for establishment of baseline data and IT applications for energy accounting / auditing & consumer services. Initially 100% funds for the approved projects shall be provided in the form of loan from GOI. The loan along with the interest shall be converted into a grant once the establishment of the required system is achieved and verified by an independent agency appointed by Ministry of Power through Nodal Agency.
Part-B will cover System renovation, modernization, improvement, strengthening , and augmentation of 11 kV & 33 kV network. Initially up-to 25% funds for the projects shall be provided as loan from GOI . The balance funds for Part B shall be raised from Financial Institutions namely PFC / REC / Multi layer institution or own resources.
Part –A programme is actual a) Meter Data Acquisition b) Energy Audit demonstrable performance c) New connection in the sustained loss d) Disconnection & Dismantling reduction, establishment of e) GIS Based Consumer Indexing, Asset Mapping reliable and automate f) GIS Based integrated network analysis system for sustained module collection of accurate g) Centralised Customer Care Services h) Management Information System baseline data and adoption i) Web Self Services of Information Technology I j) Identity and Access Management the area of energy account. System k) System Security Requirement Under this scheme the l) Metering following projects/ modules m) Billing n) Collections will be implemented o) Asset Management p) Maintenance Management
Solar photovoltaic power projects in Rajasthan:Par Solar, Jodhpur (5MW)Reliance Industries Ltd., Nagpur (5MW)Vivek Pharmachem (India) Ltd., Barmer (1MW)AEW Infratech Pvt. Ltd., Bikaner (1MW)Nav Bharat Buildcon Pvt. Ltd., Churu (1MW)Rays Power Pvt. Ltd., Jaisalmer (1MW)Asian Aero-Edu Aviation Pvt. Ltd., Jaisalmer (1MW)Lanco Solar Pvt. Ltd., Jaisalmer (1MW)Basant Enterprises, Jaisalmer (1MW)Ganges Enterprises Pvt. Ltd., Jhunjhunu (1MW)Zamil New Delhi Infrastructure Pvt. Ltd., Jodhpur (1MW)Sovox Renewables Pvt. Ltd., Jodhpur (1MW)Conflux Infratech Pvt. Ltd., Jodhpur (1MW)Sun Edision Energy India Pvt. Ltd., Sirohi (1MW)
The Discoms of Rajasthan has already taken up the steps to implement the schemewithin stipulated period.1. Discoms have created a common IT cell headed by Superintending Engineer (IT) of Jaipur Discom comprising One XEN from each Discom and other qualified Engineers having domain expertise and IT knowledge.2. In order to implement the project on fast track the tender deciding committee chaired by the Chairman Discoms and MDs of other 2 Discoms has been constituted3. For better understanding of Business process and timely execution of the scheme to avail the grant a core committee for implementation that comprises O&M , Accounts & IT persons has been framed Similarly at Discom level one Steering committee has been constituted that will take the monthly review of the projects4. M/s Infosys Ltd., the leading IT Company of India have been appointed IT consultant on 1.4.09 through bidding process laid by Ministry of Power at the cost of Rs. 1.8 Crs for four years services.5. The detailed RFP for appointment of IT implementation agency is being prepared in consultation with the IT consultant on the basis of Model RFP issued by MOP. It is envisaged to float the RFP on 20.06.09.6. In order to have identical system in entire state it has been decided to implement the scheme in the entire state whether covered under RAPDRP or not. The expenditure incurred on the Non R-APDRP area will be borne by the state Discoms.
1. Increase consumer satisfaction2. Transparency in overall working.3. Reduce outages & interruptions, thus to ensure regular supply to consumers4. Compilation of a comprehensive data base of consumers, assets, network etc., thus redresses of Consumer complaint immediately5. Monitoring the substation and Distribution Transformers6. Reduction of AT&C losses
APDRP, R-APDRP initiative for distribution reform DRUM India – Distribution Reform Upgrade, Management Four pilot sites (North Delhi, Bangalore, Gujarat, Maharashtra) Smart Grid Task Force – Headed by Sam Pitroda BESCOM project – Bangalore – Integration of renewable and distributed energy resources into the grid KEPCO project in Kerala India - $10 Billion initiative for Smart-Grid SA Habitat and Valence Energy – Hyderabad (2009) . Distributed generation via roof-top solar for 40% in a micro- grid
Aggressive deployment of Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) Northern grid – already installed 4 PMUs, 20 more in progress Western grid – 25 PMUs Eastern grid – 70-80 PMUs Control schemes, Software for data visualization,
In 21st century, if India dreams to emerge out as a developed nation, energy efficiency and energy conservation integrated with IT infrastructure is required to be implemented. Smart Grids is one such option which can drive India an inch closer to be a developed nation and achieve energy security. Energy Automation will also play a vital role in achieving the targets. The trend of Smart Grid in US had turned out to be a huge success. The country’s economy has improved drastically after implementation and power losses have been reduced to around 12-15% in US, and in future we hope to achieve the same and if possible then much better that the other countries.