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The French Revolution

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Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2.  
  • 3.  
  • 4.  
  • 5. USA
  • 6. American Revolution Severe Weather Spending by Government Well…. Most of France
  • 7.
    • People starting raising questions based on the Enlightenment ideas of Rousseau and Voltaire
  • 8.  
  • 9.
    • Owned 10% of land
    • Exempt from taxes
    • Only contributed 2% of income to the government
  • 10.  
  • 11.
    • One for you, five for me: Privilege (private law)
    • Though less than 2% of population, controlled over 20% of land
    • Oh yeah, exempt from taxes
    • Scorned enlightenment ideas
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16.
    • Kind of place that would annoy you if you are a peasant who is starving
  • 17.  
  • 18.
    • 98% of people
      • 80% peasants
      • 18% Bourgeoisie and Urban Lower Class
    • Without birthright, you weren’t allowed to reach the top, however good you were
    • Taxes!
      • Poll tax
      • Salt tax
      • Tenth tax
      • Tax in kind (go work on roads for a few days)
  • 19.  
  • 20.
    • 98% of people
      • 80% peasants
      • 18% Bourgeoisie and Urban Lower Class
    • Without birthright, you weren’t allowed to reach the top, however good you were
    • Taxes!
      • Poll tax
      • Salt tax
      • Tenth tax
      • Tax in kind (go work on roads for a few days)
  • 21.  
  • 22.  
  • 23.
    • Facing national bankruptcy, Louis XIV decides to call a meeting
    • The Estates General
      • Representatives from all 3 Estates
      • May 5, 1789 at Versailles
        • 1 st meeting in 175 years
  • 24.
    • Meeting hits a snag: According to old rules, each estate gets 1 vote
      • 3 rd estate will never win!
    • “ We’re not the 3 rd anything! We’re the French Nation!”
    • Name change:
      • 3 rd estate to National Assembly
    • So when everyone took a 15 minute break, the king locked them out.
  • 25.
    • New Meeting Location
      • Indoor tennis court
    • Tennis Court Oath
      • Pledge a new constitution
  • 26.
    • Laid down basic rights to which every Frenchman is entitled
    • Marquis de Lafayette played major role in promoting this
  • 27.  
  • 28.
    • After Louis tried to escape, the Committee of Public Safety was formed.
      • Note: Did not make the public safe
    • Law of Suspects
      • No proof, lawyers, or fair trials needed!
    • Law of Maximum
        • Bakers and grocers executed for charging too much
    • Enter Dr. Guillotine
      • The speedy and humane way to kill!
  • 29.  
  • 30.  
  • 31.  
  • 32.  
  • 33.  

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