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The Early Midle Ages
 

The Early Midle Ages

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  • The Early Middle Ages

The Early Midle Ages The Early Midle Ages Presentation Transcript

  • Medieval Europe (500 – 1500)
    • The Middle Ages or Medieval Europe is the 1,000 year period after the fall of Rome and before the Renaissance.
  • I. Geography :
    • Europe is on the western end of Eurasia.
    • B. Natural Resources:
    • Dense forests
    • Fertile soil
    • Rich minerals
    • Seas
  • II. Causes
  • Fall of Rome Dark Ages in W. Europe Tribal Warfare Money is no longer used Cities disappeared Advances made by Greece & Rome forgotten Trade collapsed No central gov’t Weak local gov’ts Literacy declined
  • III. Germanic Tribes A. Farmers and herders 1. No written laws 2. Divided W. Europe into small kingdoms
  • Not these Franks!
  • B. The Franks
    • 1. The most powerful Germanic tribe in Gaul , or present-day France.
    Gaul
    • 2. Clovis
    • King of the Franks
    • He converted to Christianity
    • The Roman Catholic Church becomes his ally ( supporter)
  • 3. The Battle of Tours
    • - In 732 CE, the Franks defeated the Muslims in Spain.
    • This stopped Muslims from advancing into W. Europe.
    DON’T WRITE THIS Christians did not want Islam to spread into Europe, even though they learned science and math from Arab Muslims.
  • C. Charlemagne ( Charles the Great ) 1. In 800 CE, he became king of the Franks 2. Pope Leo III named him emperor
  • 3. His empire united Europe.
  • 4. Legacy
    • He spread Christianity
    • He blended Christian, Roman and German traditions
    • He formed an efficient gov’t
    • Charlemagne tried to revive learning
    • He set up schools to educate officials and children.
    Edumacation!
    • Curriculums, or formal courses of study, included reading, grammar, math, music, and astronomy.
    Don’t write this!
  • D. New Attacks
      • 1. After Charlemagne’s death in 814 CE, Muslims, Magyars and Vikings attacked.
  • Peace Out, Charlemagne!
    • When Charlemagne died in 814, his empire fell apart as his heirs fought over it.
    Don’t write this!
    • 2. 843 CE- The Treaty of Verdun divided the empire into three kingdoms.
    • 3. This became the Holy Roman Empire.
  • Life in Medieval Europe (500 – 1500 CE)
  • I. Political
    • A. Feudalism- A political system which exchanges land for military service.
      • King gives lord ( vassal ) a fief (land) . In exchange, the lord (vassal) gives the king his loyalty and protection when needed.
      • Lords gradually became more powerful than kings as they acquired more land.
  • Feudalism King or lord Required to give: -Fief (land) Vassal or lord Required to give: -loyalty -military service
  • B. Social
    • Kings and Lords were at the top of the social hierarchy.
    • Knights - mounted warriors
      • Chivalry - code of
      • conduct for knights
      • be brave, loyal, polite
  •  
  •  
    • Feudal lords battled constantly for power and land
    • By the 1100’s, fighting declined so lords held tournaments (fake battles) to entertain people.
    • Serfs - peasants who worked the lord’s land
      • They could not leave without permission
      • They paid the lord rent in food and labor (no $$) for use of the land and protection.
    • DON’T WRITE THIS!
    • Role of Women
      • Noblewomen managed the household and were in change when men were away.
      • Rights:
        • Received a limited inheritance
        • Arranged marriages, expected to have many kids
        • Few knew how to read and write
        • Chivalry raised women to a new status. They were protected and cherished.
  • C. Economic
    • Manorialism - an economy where land, not money, is the basis of wealth
    • Manor - the lord’s estate including the town, peasant houses, church, and fields
    • - It was self-sufficient, which led to a decline in trade
    • Three-field system - two fields planted, one left fallow (empty) to regain fertility
  • Remember Europe was isolated BUT, there were advanced civilizations in the Middle East, South Asia, and China!