Medieval Europe   (500 – 1500)
<ul><li>The  Middle Ages  or   Medieval Europe   is the 1,000 year period after the fall of Rome and before the Renaissanc...
I. Geography : <ul><li>Europe is on the western end of  Eurasia. </li></ul>
<ul><li>B. Natural Resources:  </li></ul><ul><li>Dense forests </li></ul><ul><li>Fertile soil </li></ul><ul><li>Rich miner...
II. Causes
Fall of Rome   Dark Ages in W. Europe Tribal Warfare Money is no longer used   Cities disappeared   Advances made by Greec...
III. Germanic Tribes A. Farmers and herders 1. No written laws  2. Divided W. Europe into small  kingdoms
Not  these  Franks!
B. The Franks
<ul><li>1. The most powerful Germanic tribe in  Gaul , or present-day France. </li></ul>Gaul
<ul><li>2.  Clovis </li></ul><ul><li>King of the Franks </li></ul><ul><li>He converted to Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>T...
3. The Battle of Tours <ul><li>-  In 732 CE, the Franks defeated the Muslims  in Spain. </li></ul>
<ul><li>This stopped Muslims from advancing into W. Europe.  </li></ul>DON’T WRITE THIS Christians did not want Islam to s...
C. Charlemagne  ( Charles the Great ) 1. In 800 CE, he became  king of the Franks 2. Pope Leo III named  him emperor
3. His empire united Europe.
4. Legacy <ul><li>He spread Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>He blended Christian, Roman  and German traditions </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>Charlemagne  tried to  revive  learning  </li></ul><ul><li>He set up schools to educate officials and children. </...
<ul><li>Curriculums,  or formal courses of study, included reading, grammar, math, music, and astronomy. </li></ul>Don’t w...
D. New Attacks <ul><ul><li>1. After Charlemagne’s death in 814 CE, Muslims, Magyars and Vikings attacked.  </li></ul></ul>
Peace Out, Charlemagne! <ul><li>When Charlemagne died in 814, his empire fell apart as his heirs fought over it. </li></ul...
<ul><li>2.  843 CE-  The  Treaty of Verdun  divided the empire into three kingdoms. </li></ul>
<ul><li>3. This became the  Holy Roman Empire. </li></ul>
Life in Medieval Europe   (500 – 1500 CE)
I. Political  <ul><li>A. Feudalism-  A political system which exchanges land for military service. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>K...
Feudalism King or lord Required to give: -Fief (land) Vassal or lord Required to give: -loyalty -military service
B. Social <ul><li>Kings  and  Lords  were at the top of the social hierarchy. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Knights - mounted warriors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chivalry -  code of  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>conduct for knigh...
 
 
<ul><li>Feudal lords battled constantly for power and land </li></ul><ul><li>By the 1100’s, fighting declined so lords hel...
<ul><li>Serfs - peasants who worked the lord’s land  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They could not leave without permission </li></...
<ul><li>DON’T WRITE THIS! </li></ul><ul><li>Role of Women </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Noblewomen managed the household and were ...
C. Economic <ul><li>Manorialism - an economy where land, not money, is the basis of wealth </li></ul>
<ul><li>Manor - the lord’s estate including the town, peasant houses, church, and fields </li></ul><ul><li>- It was  self-...
<ul><li>Three-field system -  two fields planted, one left  fallow  (empty) to regain fertility </li></ul>
Remember Europe was  isolated  BUT, there were advanced civilizations in the Middle East, South Asia, and China!
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The Early Midle Ages

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  • The Early Middle Ages
  • The Early Midle Ages

    1. 1. Medieval Europe (500 – 1500)
    2. 2. <ul><li>The Middle Ages or Medieval Europe is the 1,000 year period after the fall of Rome and before the Renaissance. </li></ul>
    3. 3. I. Geography : <ul><li>Europe is on the western end of Eurasia. </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>B. Natural Resources: </li></ul><ul><li>Dense forests </li></ul><ul><li>Fertile soil </li></ul><ul><li>Rich minerals </li></ul><ul><li>Seas </li></ul>
    5. 5. II. Causes
    6. 6. Fall of Rome Dark Ages in W. Europe Tribal Warfare Money is no longer used Cities disappeared Advances made by Greece & Rome forgotten Trade collapsed No central gov’t Weak local gov’ts Literacy declined
    7. 7. III. Germanic Tribes A. Farmers and herders 1. No written laws 2. Divided W. Europe into small kingdoms
    8. 8. Not these Franks!
    9. 9. B. The Franks
    10. 10. <ul><li>1. The most powerful Germanic tribe in Gaul , or present-day France. </li></ul>Gaul
    11. 11. <ul><li>2. Clovis </li></ul><ul><li>King of the Franks </li></ul><ul><li>He converted to Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>The Roman Catholic Church becomes his ally ( supporter) </li></ul>
    12. 12. 3. The Battle of Tours <ul><li>- In 732 CE, the Franks defeated the Muslims in Spain. </li></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>This stopped Muslims from advancing into W. Europe. </li></ul>DON’T WRITE THIS Christians did not want Islam to spread into Europe, even though they learned science and math from Arab Muslims.
    14. 14. C. Charlemagne ( Charles the Great ) 1. In 800 CE, he became king of the Franks 2. Pope Leo III named him emperor
    15. 15. 3. His empire united Europe.
    16. 16. 4. Legacy <ul><li>He spread Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>He blended Christian, Roman and German traditions </li></ul><ul><li>He formed an efficient gov’t </li></ul>
    17. 17. <ul><li>Charlemagne tried to revive learning </li></ul><ul><li>He set up schools to educate officials and children. </li></ul>Edumacation!
    18. 18. <ul><li>Curriculums, or formal courses of study, included reading, grammar, math, music, and astronomy. </li></ul>Don’t write this!
    19. 19. D. New Attacks <ul><ul><li>1. After Charlemagne’s death in 814 CE, Muslims, Magyars and Vikings attacked. </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Peace Out, Charlemagne! <ul><li>When Charlemagne died in 814, his empire fell apart as his heirs fought over it. </li></ul>Don’t write this!
    21. 21. <ul><li>2. 843 CE- The Treaty of Verdun divided the empire into three kingdoms. </li></ul>
    22. 22. <ul><li>3. This became the Holy Roman Empire. </li></ul>
    23. 23. Life in Medieval Europe (500 – 1500 CE)
    24. 24. I. Political <ul><li>A. Feudalism- A political system which exchanges land for military service. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>King gives lord ( vassal ) a fief (land) . In exchange, the lord (vassal) gives the king his loyalty and protection when needed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lords gradually became more powerful than kings as they acquired more land. </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Feudalism King or lord Required to give: -Fief (land) Vassal or lord Required to give: -loyalty -military service
    26. 26. B. Social <ul><li>Kings and Lords were at the top of the social hierarchy. </li></ul>
    27. 27. <ul><li>Knights - mounted warriors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chivalry - code of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>conduct for knights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>be brave, loyal, polite </li></ul></ul>
    28. 30. <ul><li>Feudal lords battled constantly for power and land </li></ul><ul><li>By the 1100’s, fighting declined so lords held tournaments (fake battles) to entertain people. </li></ul>
    29. 31. <ul><li>Serfs - peasants who worked the lord’s land </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They could not leave without permission </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They paid the lord rent in food and labor (no $$) for use of the land and protection. </li></ul></ul>
    30. 32. <ul><li>DON’T WRITE THIS! </li></ul><ul><li>Role of Women </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Noblewomen managed the household and were in change when men were away. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rights: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Received a limited inheritance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arranged marriages, expected to have many kids </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Few knew how to read and write </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chivalry raised women to a new status. They were protected and cherished. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    31. 33. C. Economic <ul><li>Manorialism - an economy where land, not money, is the basis of wealth </li></ul>
    32. 34. <ul><li>Manor - the lord’s estate including the town, peasant houses, church, and fields </li></ul><ul><li>- It was self-sufficient, which led to a decline in trade </li></ul>
    33. 35. <ul><li>Three-field system - two fields planted, one left fallow (empty) to regain fertility </li></ul>
    34. 36. Remember Europe was isolated BUT, there were advanced civilizations in the Middle East, South Asia, and China!

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