Power Struggles in Medieval Europe

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  • 1. HIGH MIDDLE AGES POWER STRUGGLES 1050 – 1450 CE
  • 2.
    • Anglos – a Germanic tribe who invaded from Angels in the 5 th century (this is where “England” comes from)
    • Saxons – a Germanic tribe from Lower Saxony who invaded with the Anglos
    DON’T WRITE!
  • 3.  
  • 4. 1. The Norman Conquest
    • In 1066, the Anglo-Saxon King Edward died without an heir.
    DON’T WRITE!
  • 5.
    • His brother-in-law, Harold , was chosen to rule.
    DON’T WRITE!
  • 6.
    • But Duke William of Normandy (France), also claimed the English throne!
    DON’T WRITE!
  • 7.
    • The Norman invasion was the last time England was ever invaded.
    • All kings and queens of England, including Queen Elizabeth II and Prince William, are direct descendants of William the Conqueror and his wife Matilda, who herself was descended from King Alfred of England (849-899).
    DON’T WRITE!
  • 8. Kings vs. Nobles vs. Church It’s a Triple Threat Match! WRITE!
  • 9. I. England
    • A. William the Conqueror (King in1066 AD)
    • Domesday Book - took a census for tax collecting
  • 10. B. Henry II (King in 1154 CE)
    • Common Law - law that is the same for all people
    • Jury System - trial by peers
  • 11. C. King John (1215 CE)
    • Nobles forced John to sign the Magna Carta or Great Charter
    • 1. Monarch must obey law
    • 2. Protects the rights of people
  • 12. D. Representative Government
    • Parliament - governing body
    • 1. Represented all classes
    One of the most photographed buildings in the European Union is the British Parliament.  Tourists from around the world adore this magnificent symbol of freedom and democracy.  The UK Parliament Buildings are located on the River Thames near Whitehall.
  • 13.
    • 2. Power of the Purse- Monarch needed Parliament’s approval for wars and raise taxes
  • 14. II. France
    • A. Estates General (1302)
    • Represented all three estates/classes
    • DID NOT develop the power of Parliament in England
  • 15.
    • SUMMARY:
    • All of the above came about because of the clash between kings, feudal lords, and the church. Each wanted more power than the other.